Duta, aka: Dūta; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Duta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Duta in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Dūta (दूत) refers to “ambassador”, to be carefully appointed by the king. The ambassadors should be intelligent, pure-hearted man of noble family, efficient, well-versed in all the Śāstras, and capable of interpreting other men’s feelings from their means and demeanors. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.63 et seq.)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana

[Duta in Purana glossaries]

Dūta (दूत).—A messenger: to report as he has been told and to be skilled in languages of different countries; one who can adjust according to time and place;1 of Indra to Tāraka to get him ready for war after the birth of Kārttikeya;2 of Pauṇḍraka.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 12-4; 254. 24.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 38. 19; 159. 24.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 34. 6.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Duta in Natyashastra glossaries]

Dūta (दूत, “messenger”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Duta in Itihasa glossaries]

Dūta (दूत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.28.50) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dūta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

[Duta in Arthashastra glossaries]

Dūta (दूत) refers to “envoys” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Dūta] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Duta in Pali glossaries]

dūta : (m.) a messenger; envoy.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Dūta, 2 (nt.) (Sk. dyūta, see jūta) play, gaming, gambling J.IV, 248. (Page 328)

2) Dūta, 1 (Ved. dūta, prob. to dūra (q. v.) as “one who is sent (far) away, ” also perhaps Gr. dou=los slave. See Walde, Lat. Wtb. under dudum) a messenger, envoy Vin.I, 16; II, 32, 277; D.I, 150; S.IV, 194; Sn.411 (rāja°), 417. ‹-› deva° Yama’s envoy, Death’s messenger A.I, 138, 142; M.II, 75 sq.; J.I, 138.—°ṃ pāheti to send a messenger Miln.18, PvA.133. (Page 328)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Duta in Marathi glossaries]

dūta (दूत).—m (S) A messenger or an envoy; a carrier of errands or intelligence. Ex. dēvadūta, rājadūta, yamadūta, viṣṇudūta, śivadūta.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Duta in Sanskrit glossaries]

Dūta (दूत).—[cf. Uṇ.3.9]

1) A messenger; अर्थानर्थान्तरे बुद्धिर्निश्चितापि न शोभते । घातयन्ति हि कार्याणि दूताः पण्डितमानिनः (arthānarthāntare buddhirniścitāpi na śobhate | ghātayanti hi kāryāṇi dūtāḥ paṇḍitamāninaḥ) || Rām.5.3.38.

2) An envoy, an ambassador; Chāṇ.16.

Derivable forms: dūtaḥ (दूतः).

See also (synonyms): dūtaka.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 43 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Devaduta
Devadūta (देवदूत).—A messenger of the Devas. When Dharmaputra refused to live in heaven without...
Yamaduta
Yamadūta (यमदूत).—One of the Brahmavādī sons of Viśvāmitra. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapt...
Rajaduta
Rājadūta (राजदूत).—a king's ambassador, an envoy. Derivable forms: rājadūtaḥ (राजदूतः).Rājadūta...
Ramaduta
Rāmadūta (रामदूत).—1) Name of Hanumat. 2) a monkey. -tī a kind of basil. Derivable forms: rāmad...
Vasantaduta
Vasantadūta (वसन्तदूत).—1) the cuckoo. 2) the month called Chaitra. 3) the musical mode हिन्दोल...
Madhuduta
Madhudūta (मधुदूत).—the mango tree. Derivable forms: madhudūtaḥ (मधुदूतः).Madhudūta is a Sanskr...
Vishnuduta
Viṣṇudūta (विष्णुदूत).—Met Yamadūtas at the death of Ajāmila and argued that the uttering...
Duta Jataka
1) Dūta, 2 (nt.) (Sk. dyūta, see jūta) play, gaming, gambling J.IV, 248. (Page 328)2) Dūta, 1 (...
Pratiduta
Pratidūta (प्रतिदूत).—a messenger sent in return. Derivable forms: pratidūtaḥ (प्रतिदूतः).Prati...
Agraduta
Agradūta (अग्रदूत).—a harbinger; कृष्णाक्रोधा- ग्रदूतः (kṛṣṇākrodhā- gradūtaḥ) Ve.1.22; °दूतिका...
Varnaduta
Varṇadūta (वर्णदूत).—a letter. Derivable forms: varṇadūtaḥ (वर्णदूतः).Varṇadūta is a Sanskrit c...
Ashvaduta
Aśvadūta (अश्वदूत).—a riding messenger. Derivable forms: aśvadūtaḥ (अश्वदूतः).Aśvadūta is a San...
Yama
Yama (यम, “self-restraint”) forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at b...
Deva
1) Deva (देव) or Devāyu refers to “heavenly/celestial realms or states of existence” and r...
Marana
Māraṇa (मारण) or Māraṇāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kāraṇāg...

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