Dushyanta, aka: Duṣyanta; 3 Definition(s)


Dushyanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Duṣyanta can be transliterated into English as Dusyanta or Dushyanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त) is depicted as a sculpture on the eighteenth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—To the extreme right of the panel are two persons, sitting under a tree, engaged in a dialogue. Most probably, King Duṣyanta, hero of the play, has entered the hermitage of Sage Kaṇva. As the person with whom the king is in conversation has the appearance of a confident, we have a feeling that the monarch is with his vidūṣaka, buffoon.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Śilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of dushyanta or dusyanta in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India


1a) Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—A son of Raibhya and Upadānavī; a king; while out for hunting came to Kaṇva's hermitage, saw the beautiful Śakuntalā, married her by the gāndharvavidhi and left for his capital the next day. A son Bharata was born to Śakuntalā and he was brought up by Kaṇva. Śakuntalā came to his palace with the boy but Duṣyanta had forgotten her. A voice from the air asked him to accept them, his wife and son, which he did;1 removed from hell by the son.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 20; IX. 20. 7-22 [1-2]; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 10-11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 24; 99. 133-6.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 9-10.

1b) Of Puru's line, was adopted by Marut(t)a as his son; returned to the line of Yadu, the eldest son of Yayāti;1 through Yayāti's curse the Turvasu and the Paurava dynasties became commingled.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 17-18; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 3; Vī. IV. 16. 5-6.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 48. 2-3.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Dushyanta (दुष्‍यंत): A valiant king of the Lunar, race, and descended from Puru. He was husband of Sakuntala, by whom he had a son, Bharata. The loves of Dushyanta and Sakuntala, her separation from him, and her restoration through the discovery of his token-ring in the belly of a fish, form the plot of Kalidasa's celebrated play Sakuntala.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

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