Dushyanta, Duṣyanta: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Dushyanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Duṣyanta can be transliterated into English as Dusyanta or Dushyanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त) is depicted as a sculpture on the eighteenth pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—To the extreme right of the panel are two persons, sitting under a tree, engaged in a dialogue. Most probably, King Duṣyanta, hero of the play, has entered the hermitage of Sage Kaṇva. As the person with whom the king is in conversation has the appearance of a confident, we have a feeling that the monarch is with his vidūṣaka, buffoon.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dushyanta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—A reputed King of the Lunar dynasty. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus:—Brahmā—Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Pūru—Janamejaya—Pracinvān—Namasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahugava—Saṃyāti—Rahovādī Raudrāśva—Matināra—Santurodha—Duṣyanta.

Matināra had two sons: Santurodha and Pratiratha, and Santurodha had three sons: Duṣyanta* Pravīra and Sumanta. Pratiratha begot Kaṇva and he, Medhātithi. (See full article at Story of Duṣyanta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—A son born to King Ajamīḍha of the Pūru dynasty by his wife called Nīlī. He had a brother called Parameṣṭhī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 33). Both the Kings, Duṣyanta and Parameṣṭhī are referred to as Pāñcālas also. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 33).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—A son of Raibhya and Upadānavī; a king; while out for hunting came to Kaṇva's hermitage, saw the beautiful Śakuntalā, married her by the gāndharvavidhi and left for his capital the next day. A son Bharata was born to Śakuntalā and he was brought up by Kaṇva. Śakuntalā came to his palace with the boy but Duṣyanta had forgotten her. A voice from the air asked him to accept them, his wife and son, which he did;1 removed from hell by the son.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 12. 20; IX. 20. 7-22 [1-2]; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 10-11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 24; 99. 133-6.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 9-10.

1b) Of Puru's line, was adopted by Marut(t)a as his son; returned to the line of Yadu, the eldest son of Yayāti;1 through Yayāti's curse the Turvasu and the Paurava dynasties became commingled.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 17-18; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 3; Vī. IV. 16. 5-6.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 48. 2-3.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Dushyanta in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dushyanta (दुष्‍यंत): A valiant king of the Lunar, race, and descended from Puru. He was husband of Sakuntala, by whom he had a son, Bharata. The loves of Dushyanta and Sakuntala, her separation from him, and her restoration through the discovery of his token-ring in the belly of a fish, form the plot of Kalidasa's celebrated play Sakuntala.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dushyanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—Name of a king of the lunar race, descendant of Puru, husband of Śakuntalā and father of Bharata. [Once upon a time Duṣyanta, while hunting in the forest, went to the hermitage of the sage Kaṇva, while pursuing a deer. There he was hospitably received by Śakuntalā, the adopted daughter of the sage, and her transcendent beauty made so great an impression on his mind that he prevailed on her to become his queen, and married her according to the Gāndharva form of marriage. Having passed some time in her company the king returned to his capital. After some months Śakuntalā was delivered of a son, and her father thought it advisable to send her with the boy to her husband. But when they went and stood before Duṣyanta, he (for fear of public scandal) denied all knowledge of having ever before seen or married her. But a heavenly voice told him that she was his lawful wife, and he thereupon admitted her; along with the boy, into his harem, and made her first queen. The happy pair lived to a good old age and committing the realm to the care of Bharata, retired to the woods. Such is the account of Duṣyanta and Śakuntalā given in the Mahābhārata; the story told by Kālidāsa differs in several important respects; see "Sakuntalā".]

Derivable forms: duṣyantaḥ (दुष्यन्तः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) A prince: see that last. E. duṣ to do wrong, jha aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त):—[from dur] m. ([from] dus + √so? or p. of √duṣ?, older form duḥ-ṣanta) Name of a prince of the lunar race (descendant of Puru, husband of Śakuntalā and father of Bharata), [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā; Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त):—[du-ṣyanta] (ntaḥ) 1. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dussaṃta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dushyanta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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