Duka, Ḍukā: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Duka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Ḍukā (डुका) (or Ḍukkā) is possibly identified with the Ḍakā (or Ḍhakkā) drum which represents one of the objects held in the thirty-eight right hands of Heruka: the main deity positioned in the center of the Lotus in the Sahaja (“innate”) layer of the Herukamaṇḍala: a five-fold maṇḍala that is widely taught in the scriptures belonging to the Saṃvara scriptural tradition.—The ḍakā drum is named ḍukkā and ḍukā in the parallel parts in the Ḍākārṇava (10.46 c) and (29.3 c), respectively. There is also a possibility that this derives from huḍukkā, a kind of drum.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Duka in Central Africa is the name of a plant defined with Tieghemella africana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Lecomtedoxa vazii Dubard (among others).

2) Duka in South America is also identified with Tapirira guianensis It has the synonym Comocladia tapaculo Kunth (etc.).

3) Duka in Southern Africa is also identified with Cassine crocea It has the synonym Elaeodendron croceum (Thunb.) DC. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Kew Bulletin (1955)
· Flora Capensis (1813)
· Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique (1872)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1825)
· Annales des Sciences Naturelles; Botanique (1866)
· Boissiera (1965)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Duka, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

duka : (nt) a dyad; a pair.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Duka, (nt.) (see dvi B II) a dyad DhsA.36, 343, 347, 406; Vism.11 sq. & in titles of books “in pairs, on pairs, ” e.g. Dukapaṭṭhāna; or chapters, e.g. J.II, 1 (°nipāta). (Page 324)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dūka (दूक).—f A couple (as of bundles of kaḍabā or grass, of bricks &c.)

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Duka (दुक).—(-duka, -dukā) (?) , for dvi°, see ekadukāye.

Duka can also be spelled as Dukā (दुका).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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