Dravina, Draviṇa, Drāviṇa: 16 definitions


Dravina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Draviṇa (द्रविण) refers to “riches”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Menā bore the characteristic signs of pregnancy which almost indicated the imminent rise in pleasure of her lord and served as the auspicious cause for the future bliss of the gods. [...] The lord of the mountains considered his pregnant queen like the earth with a treasure within and like the Śamī twig with latent fire in it. The intelligent lord of mountains performed all the sacred rites befitting his love for his wife, the loftiness of his mind, the vastness of riches earned by him [i.e., svārjita-draviṇa] and the injunctions of the Vedas. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Draviṇa (द्रविण).—A son of Pṛthu and Arcis; was entrusted with the northern kingdom by his elder brother.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 22. 54; 24. 2.

1b) Mountain a hill of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 15.

1c) A Tuṣita God.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 10.

1d) A son of Dhara, a Vasava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 22; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 23; 203. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 21.

1e) A son of Dharma.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 113.

1f) A class of people in Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 22.

2) Drāviṇa (द्राविण).—Mt. in the west that entered the sea for fear of Indra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 121. 75.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Draviṇa (द्रविण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.20) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Draviṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Draviṇa (द्रविण) refers to the “riches” (of thieves), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “These excellent sacrificial paps (caruka) should not be given to Tāntrikas. O Śambhu, it should always be kept hidden, like riches from thieves (draviṇacaurebhyo dravinaṃ [draviṇaṃ?] yathā). Otherwise, there is no success and no tradition”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Draviṇa (द्रविण) is the name of a Rākṣasa mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Draviṇa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Draviṇa (द्रविण).—[dru-inan Uṇādi-sūtra 2.5]

1) Wealth, money, property, substance; Ve.3.22; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.174; निमग्नानां यासु द्रविणमदिराघूर्णितदृशाम् (nimagnānāṃ yāsu draviṇamadirāghūrṇitadṛśām) Bv.4.29.

2) Gold; R.4.7; ज्ञातिभ्यो द्रविणं दत्त्वा कन्यार्थे चैव शक्तितः (jñātibhyo draviṇaṃ dattvā kanyārthe caiva śaktitaḥ) Manusmṛti 3.31.

3) Strength, power.

4) Valour, prowess; श्रोतुमिच्छामि चरितं भूरिद्रविणतेजसाम् (śrotumicchāmi caritaṃ bhūridraviṇatejasām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.1.8.

5) A thing, matter, material.

6) That of which anything is made.

7) A wish, desire.

Derivable forms: draviṇam (द्रविणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draviṇa (द्रविण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Wealth, property, thing, substance. 2. Gold. 3. Strength, power. E. dru to go, inan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draviṇa (द्रविण).— (akin to dravya and probably to 3. dru), I. n. 1. Wealth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 136. 2. Money, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 167. 3. Strength, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 16, 15. Ii. m. 1. pl. Wealth, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 14, 12. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2585. 3. The name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 20, 15. 4. The name of the inhabitants of a Varṣa or division of the world, 5, 20, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draviṇa (द्रविण).—[neuter] movable property, wealth, money; substantiality, essence, power, strength; poss. vant†.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Draviṇa (द्रविण):—[from drava] n. movable property (as opp. to house and field), substance, goods (m. [plural] [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 14, 12]), wealth, money, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] essence, substantiality, strength, power, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Vasu Dhara (or Dhava), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Pṛthu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] the inhabitants of a Varṣa in Krauñca-dvīpa, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draviṇa (द्रविण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Wealth, gold; strength, power.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Draviṇa (द्रविण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Daviṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dravina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dravina in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Draviṇa (द्रविण):—(nm) wealth, prosperity.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Draviṇa (ದ್ರವಿಣ):—[noun] much money or property; great amount of worldly possessions; riches; wealth.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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