Drashtri, Draṣṭṛ: 10 definitions


Drashtri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Draṣṭṛ can be transliterated into English as Drastr or Drashtri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Studies on the Moksopaya

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ) refers to the “perceiver”, according to the 10th century Mokṣopāya or Mokṣopāyaśāstra 6.182.13-17.—Accordingly, “With regard to each of [the three:] perceiver (draṣṭṛ), perception (darśana) and perceived objects (dṛśya), the state of mere knowledge [i.e., bodhamātra] is the essence; therefore there is not in the least a difference from it (i.e. knowledge), like a flower in space (is not different from space). (13) What is of the same kind becomes one. Therefore mutual perception [of things] determines their unity. (14) If wood, stones and other [material objects] did not have knowledge as their nature, then there would be a permanent nonperception of these, which would even be nonexistent. (15) When the whole beauty of perceptible objects has but one form of mere knowledge, then, whether it is different or identical, it becomes known through knowledge. (16) This whole [group of] perceptible objects in the world has expanded [as] mere knowledge, just as wind is mere movement and the ocean mere water. (17)”.

Vedanta book cover
context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ)—A Sanskrit term which refers to a seer or a judge: “one who sees mentally”. The word can also be simply translated as: “one who sees”.

Draṣṭṛ (the subject) and dṛśya (the object) are terms used in the Hindu philosophy of Vedānta, as explained in the Brahma-kāṇḍa by Maṇḍana according to his own view.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ) refers to the “perceiver”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—(Cf. Śrotrendriya)—Accordingly, “[...] Sound (śabda) itself, lacking intellect (avabodha) and lacking the organ (indriya), cannot hear sounds. But if the ear-organ (śrotrendriya) is intact, when the sound reaches the auditory field and when the manas wants to hear, the coming together of the object [i.e., sound] and the manas determines the arising of an auditory consciousness. Following this auditory consciousness, there arises a mental consciousness that can analyze all types of causes and conditions and succeeds in hearing sounds. This is why the objection cannot be made: ‘Who hears sound?’ In the Buddha’s doctrine no dharma is agent (kāraka), perceiver (draṣṭṛ) or cognizer (jñānin)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ).—m. [dṛś-tṛc]

1) A seer, one who sees mentally; as in ऋषयो मन्त्रद्रष्टारः, द्रष्टृत्वमकर्तृभावश्च (ṛṣayo mantradraṣṭāraḥ, draṣṭṛtvamakartṛbhāvaśca) Sāṃkhyakārikā 19.

2) A judge; संक्षेपादपवाद एव सुलभो द्रष्टुर्गुणो दूरतः (saṃkṣepādapavāda eva sulabho draṣṭurguṇo dūrataḥ) Mṛcchakaṭika 9.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ).—mfn. (-ṣṭā-ṣṭrī-ṣṭṛ) Who or what sees, a spectator. E. dṛś to see, tṛc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ).—i. e. driś + tṛ, m. 1. One who sees, Mahābhārata 3, 12623. 2. One who decides, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 202. 3. A judge, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 137, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ).—[masculine] one who sees (also as 2d sgl. [future]), examines, tries, or decides; [masculine] judge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ):—[from draṣṭavya] m. one who sees, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc. (also as 2nd sg. [future] [Mahābhārata i, 1685])

2) [v.s. ...] one who sees well, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 80, 3]

3) [v.s. ...] one who examines or decides in a court of law, a judge, [Yājñavalkya; Mṛcchakaṭikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ):—[(ṣṭā-ṣṭrī-ṣṭṛ) p.] Seen.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Draṣṭṛ (द्रष्टृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dakkhu, Daṭ, Ṭhu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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