Dra, Drā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dra.—(EI 33; LP), abbreviation of dramma. Note: dra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Dra.—abbreviation of dramma. Note: dra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

drā (द्रा).—or-drā, baḷībhadra m An ill-starred fellow, luckless wight.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dra (द्र).—1 P. (dramati) To go about, run, run about; वानरा दद्रुमुश्चाऽथ (vānarā dadrumuścā'tha) Bk.14.7.

Derivable forms: dram (द्रम्).

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Drā (द्रा).—2 P. (drāti, drāṇa)

1) To sleep.

2) To run, make haste.

3) To fly, run away.

4) To be ashamed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drā (द्रा).—r. 2nd cl. (drāti) 1. To fly, to run away. 2. To be ashamed or spoiled. adā0 pa0 aka0 aniṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drā (द्रा).—ii. 2. [Parasmaipada.] To run. [Causal.] drāpaya. Anomal. [frequentative.] daridrā, To be in distress, to be poor, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 2.

— Cf. (from the Causal).

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Drā (द्रा).—ii. 2, and drai Drai, i. 1, drā + ya (properly drā, i. 4), [Parasmaipada.] (also [Ātmanepada.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 116, 10), To sleep.

— With the prep. ni ni, To fall asleep, Mahābhārata 13, 7568; 7418. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. nidrāṇa, Sleeping, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 2, 165.

— Cf. [Old High German.] traum; O.S. drôm. [Old High German.] [denominative.] traumjan; O.S. drāmjan, to dream; [Latin] dormire (a denomin based on dor + mo), and (also a [denominative.] based on + tvan).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drā (द्रा).—1. drāti run, hasten; [Causative] drāpayati; [Intensive] daridrāti run about, be in need.

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Drā (द्रा).—2. drāti drāyate sleep.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dra (द्र):—m. ([from] 2. drā?), [Atharva-veda xi, 7, 3] (cf. uttara-dra [or dru?], kriṣṇa-, madhu-).

2) [according to] to some in [Atharva-veda xi, 7, 3, ]‘that which is free’, opp. to vra.

3) Drā (द्रा):—1. drā See drai.

4) 2. drā [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] drāti ([imperative] drātu, drāntu, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]; [perfect tense] dadrur, p. [Ātmanepada] dadrāṇa, [Ṛg-veda] ; [Aorist] adrāsīt; [subjunctive] drāsat, [ib.]),

—to run, make haste:—[Causal] drāpayati ([Desiderative] of [Causal] didrāpayiṣati), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];—[Aorist] adidrapat, [Siddhānta-kaumudī] :—[Intensive] daridrāti, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; 3 [plural] daridrati, [Hitopadeśa];

—to run hither and thither;

—to be in need or poor:—[Desiderative] of [Intensive] didaridrāsati and didaridriṣati, [Pāṇini 6-1, 14], [vArttika] 2, [Patañjali] cf. √2. dru and dram; [Greek] δι-δρά-σκω, δρᾶναι.

5) a or drai ([Dhātupāṭha xxii, 10 and xxiv, 46]) [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] drāyati, te (cf. ni-) or [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] drāti ([perfect tense] -dadrau, [Naiṣadha-carita]; [Aorist] adrāsīt, [Brāhmaṇa]; [future] drāsyati, [ib.]) to sleep.

6) cf. [Greek] ἔδραθον, [Latin] dormio.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drā (द्रा):—(la) drāti 2. a. To fly.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dra (द्र):—m. in der Stelle: lau.yā ucchiṣṭa.āyattā.vraśca.draścāpi.śrīrmayi [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 11, 7, 3]; vgl. dra in kṛṣṇadra und uttaradra, wenn die Form uttaradrau [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 49, 2] (so ist u. uttaradru zu lesen) als du. zu fassen wäre.

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Drā (द्रा):—

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Drā (द्रा):—2. (drai), drāyati schlafen [DHĀTUP. 22, 10.] drāti [24, 46, v. l.] nādrāsīdeṣaḥ [Kāṭhaka-Recension 28, 4.] — ava einschlummern: yatra suptvā punarnāvadrāsyanbhavati [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 2, 2, 23.] — Vgl. anavadrāṇa . — ni einschlummern, schlummern: yadi nidrāyāt [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 9, 3, 11.] na nidrāntyārdrapāṇayaḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 7568.] nidrāti [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 163.] nidrān [Bhaṭṭikavya 10, 74.] nidrāyate [Mahābhārata 13,7418.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 116,10.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 53,20.] [Oxforder Handschriften 171,a,2.] nidrāyamāṇa [Harivaṃśa 8769.] [Śihlana’s Śāntiśataka 4, 19.] nidadrau [Naiṣadhacarita 1, 121.] nidrāṇa eingeschlafen, schlafend [Amarakoṣa 3, 1, 33.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 443.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 165.] [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 219. 220.] von einer Blüthe schlummernd so v. a. noch nicht aufgeblüht [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1129.] nidrita schlafend ( [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 504.] [Scholiast] zu [Naiṣadhacarita 1, 122]) wird nach dem gaṇa tārakādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 36] auf nidrā Schlaf zurückgeführt, aber beim [Scholiast] zu [Naiṣadhacarita 1, 121] finden wir wie von einem partic. praet. pass. ein partic. praet. act. nidritavant gebildet. Uebrigens kann auch nidrāyate als denom. von nidrā gefasst werden. — pariṇi und praṇi -drāti [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 4, 17,] [Scholiast] — vi aus dem Schlafe erwachen (?): tatsarvamardhakarṇaṃ vidrāṇamabhivyocchat [Kāṭhaka-Recension 10, 6.]

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Dra (द्र):—nom. ag. von 1. drā in madhudra .

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Drā (द्रा):—1. mit apa [Z. 2 lies 10, 85, 32.]

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Drā (द्रा):—2. mit ni, drāti [Spr. 1550. 1579.] drāsi [Kathāsaritsāgara 66, 158.] drita [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 35, 5.] — desid. zu schlafen verlangen: ninidrāsatā [Śiśupālavadha 11, 4.]

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Drā (द्रा):—1. mit abhipra gehört zu 1. dar; s. oben.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dra (द्र):—m. von unbekannter Bed. [Atharvaveda 11,7,3.] Vgl. uttaradra , kṛṣṇadra und madhudra.

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Drā (द्रा):—1. , drāti laufen , eilen. Med. in drāṇa. — Caus. drāpayati Jmd zum Laufen bringen. — Desid. vom Caus. didrāpayiṣati Jmd zum Laufen bringen wollen. — Intens. daridrāti ( hinundher laufen) sich in Noth befinden , arm sein. — *Desid. von Intens. didaridrāsati und didaridriṣati. — Mit apa davonlaufen. — Mit abhi ereilen. — Mit vi auseinander- , davonlaufen [Rājataraṃgiṇī 7,1368.] ( vidadruḥ zu lesen). vidrāṇa davongelaufen , so v.a. verschwunden , dahin seiend [Bālarāmāyaṇa 25,7.] [Harṣacarita 141,15.] sich nicht zu helfen wissend , in der grössten Verlegenheit sich befindend [121,20.174,1.]

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Drā (द्रा):—2. , drāti , drāyati schlafen. — Mit ava einschlummern. — Mit ni Act. Med. einschlummern , schlummern , schlafen [182,27.] nidrāṇa eingeschlafen , schlafend [Indische sprüche 7818.] *von einer Blüthe so v.a. noch nicht aufgeblüht. nidrita schlafend , nidritavant statt des Verb. fin. — Desid. nididrāsati zu schlafen verlangen. — Mit pariṇi und praṇi , drāti. — Mit vi, drāṇa aus dem Schlafe erwachend (?).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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