Dirghanakha, aka: Dīrghanakha; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dirghanakha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

Dirghanakha in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dīrghanakha (दीर्घनख) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.99) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dīrghanakha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dirghanakha in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dīrghanakha (दीर्घनख) is the name of brahmacārin living at Rājagṛha, when the Buddha was dwelling there at the beginning of the discourse in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V.

Dīrghanakha was subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “there were formidable people, such as these scholars who were absorbed in the height of pride. Intoxicated by their false wisdom, they presented themselves as unique in the world and unrivalled. Knowing their own books deeply, they refuted others’ books and criticized all the systems with wicked words. They were like mad elephants caring for nothing. Among these madmen, we cite: Tch’ang-tchao (Dīrghanakha), etc.”.

Note: For Dīrghanakha, also called Mahākauṣṭhila, see above, p. 46–51F and notes, 184F, 633F, 639F.

According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “Then Kauṣṭḥila left his family, gave himself up to study and went to the south of India; he did not cut his fingernails until he had read the eighteen kinds of holy books and had completely mastered them; this is why the people of that time surnamed him the Brāhmin with Long Nails (Dīrghanakha)’”

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Relevant definitions

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