Dirghanakha, Dīrghanakha: 4 definitions

Introduction

Dirghanakha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dirghanakha in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dīrghanakha (दीर्घनख) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.99) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dīrghanakha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dirghanakha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Dīrghanakha (दीर्घनख) is the name of brahmacārin living at Rājagṛha, when the Buddha was dwelling there at the beginning of the discourse in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V.

Dīrghanakha was subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “there were formidable people, such as these scholars who were absorbed in the height of pride. Intoxicated by their false wisdom, they presented themselves as unique in the world and unrivalled. Knowing their own books deeply, they refuted others’ books and criticized all the systems with wicked words. They were like mad elephants caring for nothing. Among these madmen, we cite: Tch’ang-tchao (Dīrghanakha), etc.”.

Note: For Dīrghanakha, also called Mahākauṣṭhila, see above, p. 46–51F and notes, 184F, 633F, 639F.

According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “Then Kauṣṭḥila left his family, gave himself up to study and went to the south of India; he did not cut his fingernails until he had read the eighteen kinds of holy books and had completely mastered them; this is why the people of that time surnamed him the Brāhmin with Long Nails (Dīrghanakha)’”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dirghanakha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dīrghanakha (दीर्घनख).—(= Pali Dīgha°), name of a mendicant to whom Buddha preached the Dīrghanakhasya parivrāja- kasya sūtraṃ: Mahāvastu iii.67.7 (to be put in, kartavyam, but not quoted here); in Pali it is Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.497 ff., and a version [Page265-b+ 71] occurs in Avadāna-śataka 99; according to Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names), D. was a nephew of Sāriputta (but no citation is furnished for this; the Majjhimanikāya (Pali) sutta does not say so); in Avadāna-śataka ii.186.9 ff. and Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.22.1 he is the uncle (mother's brother) of Śāriputra; in this story his given name was (Mahā-)-Koṣṭhila, q.v.; he had the surname Agnivaiśyāyana, q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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