Dhyayat, Dhyāyat: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Dhyayat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhyāyat (ध्यायत्) refers to “meditating”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as the seven Sages said (with false words) to Pārvatī: “[...] O great Goddess, daughter of the mountain, you alone think within yourself how much pleasure could be derived by getting such a bridegroom. At first he [Śiva] married Satī, the chaste daughter of Dakṣa, eagerly but the fool that he was he could not maintain the household even for a few days. He accused her and forsook her Himself. The lord went on meditating [i.e., dhyāyat] on His own form, free from stains and sorrows and sported happily. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Dhyāyat (ध्यायत्) refers to “meditating”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.13-16, while describing auspicious dreams]—“[...] [A dreamer] sells costly meat and partitions the sacrificial victim for the gods out of respect. [The fortunate dreamer] worships the god with his own self and also recites mantras, meditates (dhyāya), and praises. Then he observes before his own eyes a beautiful honored blazing fire [i.e., he is prepared to take part in ritual]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dhyāyat (ध्यायत्) refers to “meditating (constantly)”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(None can) see supreme Śambhu by means of mantra, meditation, austerity, right conduct and the many kinds of Yogas, as long as he does not serve (his) teacher. Even if one meditates (dhyāyat) constantly on my form as (he has been) taught by the teacher, (he does not) really (experience) any Śāmbhava bliss there until he possess the Command and, b is of good disposition has (the teacher’s) feet on (his) head. Until (that happens) the mark of the qualities of the invisible (supreme being) does not arise with any speed”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhyāyat (ध्यायत्).—mfn. (-yan-yantī-yat) Thinking of, meditating upon. E. dhyai to think, śatṛ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhyāyat (ध्यायत्):—[from dhyai] mf(antī)n. thinking, meditating, imagining, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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