Dhurandhara; 6 Definition(s)
Dhurandhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) is the name of a Vidyādhara from Trikūṭapatākā, a city situated on the mountain Trikūṭa, as described in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, as Prahasta said to the Asura Maya and Sūryaprabha, after returning from the court of Śrutaśarman, “... and being introduced by the doorkeeper, I entered, and beheld Śrutaśarman surrounded by various Vidyādhara kings, by his father Trikūṭasena, and also by Vikramaśakti and Dhurandhara and other heroes, Dāmodara among them”.
In chapter 48, Dhurandhara is depicted as a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha. Accordingly: “... while Indra was saying this [to sage Nārada], fourteen great warriors came to assist the general Dāmodara: [Dhurandhara and others]. And those fifteen heroes, joined with Dāmodara, fighting in front of the line, kept off the followers of Sūryaprabha”.
2) Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) is also the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side but was slain by Kālakampana, who participated in the war on Śrutaśarman side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... that [the slaying of Prakampana, Jālika, and Caṇḍadatta, Gopaka, Somila and Pitṛśarman] made the Vidyādharas shout for joy, and the men and Asuras despond. Then four other warriors rushed upon him at the same time, Unmattaka and Praśasta, Vilambaka and Dhurandhara; Kālakampana slew them all easily”.
The story of Dhurandhara was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
3) Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) or Dhuraṃdhara or Dhurandharācala is the name of a mountain into whose house was born Naraṅgama: a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then Śrutaśarman, beside himself with grief, anger and shame, sent two more Vidyādharas, captains of hosts of warriors and distinguished warriors:... and the second was his own minister, named Naraṅgama, of great splendour, born in the house of the lord of the mountain Dhurandhara”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dhurandhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Jainism)
Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dhurandhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
dhurandhara : (adj.) bearing the office or taking the responsibility.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
dhurandhara (धुरंधर).—a (S Bearing a burden.) Fig. Clever, expert, proficient, superlatively apt and accomplished. It is a common word, constantly in use, as our Adept, dab, dabster, capital, expressing perfection in whatever art, craft, or work. 2 Applied by some, who heed not the charge of laxity, in the sense of Fine, superb, splendid, noble, grand, to beasts, buildings, crops, soil, country &c.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
dhurandhara (धुरंधर).—a Clever, expert, proficient.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Bearing a burthen. 2. Bearing, (figuratively,) laden with good qualities, heavy duties, &c. m.
(-raḥ) 1. A beast of burthen. 2. A man of business. 3. A tree, (Grislea tomentosa.) E. dhur a burthen, and dhṛ to have, affix khac . khacihrasvaḥ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ends with: Rajakaryadhurandhara.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Dhurandhara; (plurals include: Dhurandharas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter XLVIII < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
Chapter L < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
Chapter XLVI < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)