Dhurandhara, Dhuramdhara: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Dhurandhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) is the name of a Vidyādhara from Trikūṭapatākā, a city situated on the mountain Trikūṭa, as described in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, as Prahasta said to the Asura Maya and Sūryaprabha, after returning from the court of Śrutaśarman, “... and being introduced by the doorkeeper, I entered, and beheld Śrutaśarman surrounded by various Vidyādhara kings, by his father Trikūṭasena, and also by Vikramaśakti and Dhurandhara and other heroes, Dāmodara among them”.

In chapter 48, Dhurandhara is depicted as a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha. Accordingly: “... while Indra was saying this [to sage Nārada], fourteen great warriors came to assist the general Dāmodara: [Dhurandhara and others]. And those fifteen heroes, joined with Dāmodara, fighting in front of the line, kept off the followers of Sūryaprabha”.

2) Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) is also the name of a warrior who fought on Sūryaprabha’s side but was slain by Kālakampana, who participated in the war on Śrutaśarman side, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... that [the slaying of Prakampana, Jālika, and Caṇḍadatta, Gopaka, Somila and Pitṛśarman] made the Vidyādharas shout for joy, and the men and Asuras despond. Then four other warriors rushed upon him at the same time, Unmattaka and Praśasta, Vilambaka and Dhurandhara; Kālakampana slew them all easily”.

The story of Dhurandhara was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

3) Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) or Dhuraṃdhara or Dhurandharācala is the name of a mountain into whose house was born Naraṅgama: a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then Śrutaśarman, beside himself with grief, anger and shame, sent two more Vidyādharas, captains of hosts of warriors and distinguished warriors:... and the second was his own minister, named Naraṅgama, of great splendour, born in the house of the lord of the mountain Dhurandhara”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dhurandhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Dhurandhara in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guillem. & Perr. from the Combretaceae (Rangoon creeper) family. For the possible medicinal usage of dhurandhara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dhurandhara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhurandhara : (adj.) bearing the office or taking the responsibility.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhurandhara (धुरंधर).—a (S Bearing a burden.) Fig. Clever, expert, proficient, superlatively apt and accomplished. It is a common word, constantly in use, as our Adept, dab, dabster, capital, expressing perfection in whatever art, craft, or work. 2 Applied by some, who heed not the charge of laxity, in the sense of Fine, superb, splendid, noble, grand, to beasts, buildings, crops, soil, country &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhurandhara (धुरंधर).—a Clever, expert, proficient.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Bearing a burthen. 2. Bearing, (figuratively,) laden with good qualities, heavy duties, &c. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A beast of burthen. 2. A man of business. 3. A tree, (Grislea tomentosa.) E. dhur a burthen, and dhṛ to have, affix khac . khacihrasvaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर):—[dhura-ndhara] (raḥ) 1. m. A beast of burthen; bearing a burden.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhurandhara (धुरन्धर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhuraṃdhara.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Dhuraṃdhara (धुरंधर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhurandhara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhurandhara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhuraṃdhara (ಧುರಂಧರ):—

1) [adjective] carrying or supporting a burden.

2) [adjective] carrying the onus or responsibility; responsible; accountable; answerable.

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Dhuraṃdhara (ಧುರಂಧರ):—

1) [noun] an animal used for pulling heavy loads; a draft animal.

2) [noun] a man who takes the onus, responsibility.

3) [noun] he who has enough power, skill, etc.to do something successfully.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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