Dhumraksha, Dhūmrākṣa: 10 definitions


Dhumraksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dhūmrākṣa can be transliterated into English as Dhumraksa or Dhumraksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dhumraksha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष):—Son of Hemacandra (son of Viśāla). He had a son named Saṃyama. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2.34)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष).—A king of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. (See full article at Story of Dhūmrākṣa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष).—A minister of Rāvaṇa. Genealogy. Brahmā created the Rākṣasa (giant) Heti. The son Vidyutkeśa was born to him of his wife Bhayā. Sukeśa was born to Vidyutkeśa by his wife Sālakaṭaṅkā. Sukeśa married Devavatī. Three sons, Mālyavān, Sumālī and Mālī were born to the couple. To Sumālī, by his wife Ketumatī, fourteen children were born: Prahasta, Akaṃpana, Vikaṭa, Kālakāmukha, Dhūmrākṣa, Daṇḍa, Supārśvā, Saṃhrāda, Prākvāda, Bhāsakarṇa, Veka, Puṣpotkaṭa, Kaikasi, and Kumbhīnasi; most of them were ministers of Rāvaṇa. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa). Work and death. Dhūmrākṣa was one who worked in all the branches of administration of the state. In all the battles fought by the Rākṣasas Dhūmrākṣa was present. He was also called Dhūmralocana. He was killed in the battle of Rāma and Rāvaṇa at the hands of Hanūmān. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddha Kāṇḍa, Chapter 51).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष).—A Rākṣasa, son of Hemacandra and father of Samyama; killed in the Lankā war.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 34; 10. 18.

1b) Son of Candra and father of Śṛnjaya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 52-3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Dhumraksha in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dhumrāksha (धुमराक्ष): The Grey-eye rākshasha appointed by Rāvana who was slain by Hanumāna.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dhumraksha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dhūmrākṣa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष) refers to one of the Rākṣasas fighting in Rāvaṇa’s army, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] When the battle had been going on for a long time, the army of the Rākṣasas was broken by the Vānaras like a forest by winds. [...] Then Kunda obstructed the Rākṣasa Dhūmrākṣa. [...] Other Kapis obstructed other Rākṣasas in this way and fought with them like sea-monsters with sea-monsters in the ocean.”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhumraksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष).—[adjective] grey-eyed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhūmrākṣa (धूम्राक्ष):—[from dhūmra > dhū] mf(ī)n. grey-eyed, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Rakṣas, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Hemacandra (grandson of Triṇa-bindu cf. rāśva), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king of the Niṣadhas, [Skanda-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhumraksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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