Dhumra, aka: Dhūmra, Dhūmrā; 9 Definition(s)


Dhumra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Dhūmrā (धूम्रा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Vahni, the third seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Dhūmrā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.


Dhūmrā (धूम्रा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Dhūmrā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1a) Dhūmra (धूम्र).—A hill; of Dullola.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 75; III. 7. 443.

1b) A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 235.

1c) An asura killed by Lalitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 77.

1d) The ninth Manu from Lṛ-kāra, the ninth face of the fourteen faced deva; of the colour of the smoke.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 26. 41.

2a) Dhūmrā (धूम्रा).—A Kala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 87.

2b) A Mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 17.

2c) A Pārāśara branch.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 87.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Dhūmra (धूम्र) in the Taittirīya-saṃhitā (i. 8, 21, 1) denotes ‘camel’ according to Böhtlingk’s Dictionary.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

dhūmra (धूम्र).—m S Smoke.

--- OR ---

dhūmra (धूम्र).—a S Of a smoky, i. e. dusky, dingy, darkred color.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhūmra (धूम्र).—m Smoke. a Of a smoky i. e. dusky colour.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhūmra (धूम्र).—a. [dhūmaṃ tadvarṇaṃ rāti rā-ka]

1) Smoke-coloured, smoky, grey; हुतभुग्धूमधूम्रोपकण्ठम् (hutabhugdhūmadhūmropakaṇṭham) Bh.3.55; R.15.16.

2) Dark-red.

3) Dark, obscured.

4) Purple.

-mraḥ 1 A mixture of red and black.

2) Incense.

3) Purple (the colour).

4) An epithet of Śiva.

5) A Camel.

6) (in astrol.) The 28th Yoga.

-mrā An epithet of Durgā.

-mram Sin, vice, wickedness; वायुना प्रेर्यमाणस्तु धूम्राय मुदमन्वगात् (vāyunā preryamāṇastu dhūmrāya mudamanvagāt) Mb.1.63.49.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 15 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dhūmravarṇaka (धूम्रवर्णक).—a kind of animal living in caves, a fox. Derivable forms: dhūmravar...
Dhūmrābha (धूम्राभ).—air, atmosphere. Derivable forms: dhūmrābhaḥ (धूम्राभः).Dhūmrābha is a San...
Ākāśa (आकाश, “space”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.9.—Space (ākāśa) is a subs...
Dhruva (ध्रुव) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhi...
1) Aghora (अघोर) refers to one of the five faces of Sadāśiva that revealed the Āgamas (sacred t...
Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष, “bear”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) acco...
Vānara (वानर) refers to a “long-tailed monkey” represents an incarnation destination of the tir...
Dhura (धुर).—(At the end of comp.)1) A yoke, pole.2) Burden.3) A pin at the end of an axle &c.;...
Yūthapa (यूथप).—1) the leader of a troop or band. 2) the head of a flock or herd (usually of el...
śākinī (शाकिनी).—f (S) A class, or an individual of it, of female divinities. They are attendan...
Paridhi (परिधि).—Circumference. Note: Paridhi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indi...
1a) Tanti (तन्ति).—A son of Nandana.** Matsya-purāṇa 46. 27.1b) A Dhūmra Parāśara.** Mats...
Vārṣṇāyanā (वार्ष्णायना).—Dhūmra Parāśaras.** Matsya-purāṇa 201. 38.
Khalyāyana (खल्यायन).—Dhūmra Parāśaras.** Matsya-purāṇa 201. 38.
Taileya (तैलेय).—Dhūmra Parāśara.** Matsya-purāṇa 201. 38.

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