Dhumra, aka: Dhūmra, Dhūmrā; 9 Definition(s)


Dhumra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Dhumra in Shaivism glossaries]

Dhūmrā (धूम्रा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Vahni, the third seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (eg. Dhūmrā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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[Dhumra in Purana glossaries]

Dhūmrā (धूम्रा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Dhūmrā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1) Dhūmra (धूम्र).—A hermit. This hermit was a luminary in the Durbar of Indra. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7).

2) Dhūmra (धूम्र).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 64).

3) Dhūmrā (धूम्रा).—A daughter of Prajāpati Dakṣa. She became the wife of Dharmadeva. Two sons, Dhruva and Dhara were born to the couple. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Stanza 19).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Dhūmra (धूम्र).—A hill; of Dullola.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 75; III. 7. 443.

1b) A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 235.

1c) An asura killed by Lalitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 29. 77.

1d) The ninth Manu from Lṛ-kāra, the ninth face of the fourteen faced deva; of the colour of the smoke.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 26. 41.

2a) Dhūmrā (धूम्रा).—A Kala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 87.

2b) A Mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 17.

2c) A Pārāśara branch.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 87.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Dhumra in Itihasa glossaries]

Dhūmra (धूम्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dhūmra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Dhumra in Hinduism glossaries]

Dhūmra (धूम्र) in the Taittirīya-saṃhitā (i. 8, 21, 1) denotes ‘camel’ according to Böhtlingk’s Dictionary.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Dhumra in Marathi glossaries]

dhūmra (धूम्र).—m S Smoke.

--- OR ---

dhūmra (धूम्र).—a S Of a smoky, i. e. dusky, dingy, darkred color.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhūmra (धूम्र).—m Smoke. a Of a smoky i. e. dusky colour.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Dhumra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Dhūmra (धूम्र).—a. [dhūmaṃ tadvarṇaṃ rāti rā-ka]

1) Smoke-coloured, smoky, grey; हुतभुग्धूमधूम्रोपकण्ठम् (hutabhugdhūmadhūmropakaṇṭham) Bh.3.55; R.15.16.

2) Dark-red.

3) Dark, obscured.

4) Purple.

-mraḥ 1 A mixture of red and black.

2) Incense.

3) Purple (the colour).

4) An epithet of Śiva.

5) A Camel.

6) (in astrol.) The 28th Yoga.

-mrā An epithet of Durgā.

-mram Sin, vice, wickedness; वायुना प्रेर्यमाणस्तु धूम्राय मुदमन्वगात् (vāyunā preryamāṇastu dhūmrāya mudamanvagāt) Mb.1.63.49.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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