Dharmavira, Dharmavīra, Dharma-vira: 3 definitions


Dharmavira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Dharmavīra (धर्मवीर) refers to a type of Heroic Sentiment (vīrarasa) employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—The poet is found successful in the employment of dharmavīra-rasa also in the poem. In VII.58, the poet has vividly explained the grim situation of King Śāntanu against the conditions put by Dāśarāja, the father of Satyavatī for their marriage. King rejects the conditions put by Dāśarāja for their and decides to protect Mānavadharma first. This reflects his sense of Dharmavīratā.

Even better use of this dharmavīra sentiment is found in IX.64. Here the poet has deliberately described how Bhīṣma promised Dāśarāja that he would never marry nor desire for any sexual pleasure from any lady. He committed such a difficult oath just for the sake of happiness of his father and assured him that he would never break the promise. This Dharmavīratā of Devavrata for his father exalted him from his father also.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dharmavira in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmavīra (धर्मवीर).—(in Rhet.) the sentiment of heroism arising out of virtue or piety, the sentiment of chivalrous piety; the following instance is given in R. G.:-सपदि विलयमेतु राज्यलक्ष्मीरुपरि पतन्त्वथवा कृपाणधाराः । अपहरतुतरां शिरः कृतान्तो मम तु मतिर्न मनागपैतु धर्मात् ॥ स च दानधर्मयुद्धैर्दयया च समन्वितश्चतुर्धा स्यात् (sapadi vilayametu rājyalakṣmīrupari patantvathavā kṛpāṇadhārāḥ | apaharatutarāṃ śiraḥ kṛtānto mama tu matirna manāgapaitu dharmāt || sa ca dānadharmayuddhairdayayā ca samanvitaścaturdhā syāt) S. D.

Derivable forms: dharmavīraḥ (धर्मवीरः).

Dharmavīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and vīra (वीर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmavīra (धर्मवीर):—[=dharma-vīra] [from dharma > dhara] n. virtuous heroism, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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