Dharmanatha, Dharmanātha, Dharma-natha: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dharmanatha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dharmanatha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ) is another name for Dharma, the fifteenth Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). His colour is red (rakta), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 45 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 82 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Vajra.

Dharmanātha’s father is Bhānu and his mother is Suvratā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ) refers to the fifteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The symbol by which an image of Dharmanātha is to be recognised is Vajradaṇḍa or thunder-bolt. The Yakṣa couple to attend upon him are respectively called Kinnara and Kandarpā (Digambara Mānasī). The position of a lanner has been taken up by Puṇḍarīka-Vāsudeva. The Kevala tree for him is called Dadhiparṇa or Saptacchada.

With regard to his family we are told that his father’s name was Bhānu Rāja and his mother’s name Suvratā. He was born at Ratnapura. He obtained the name of Dharmanātha because he saved mankind from miseries. There is tradition also that the Jina’s mother performed many acts of religion while bearing him in the womb. Hence the name of the child as Dharmanātha. It appears that the symbol of the Tīrthaṃkara, as the name suggests, has evident connection with Yama’s staff. God Yama has another name of Dharmanātha or Dharmarāja. Hence, the similarity of symbolism.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ) or Dharma refers to the fifteenth of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] we worship the Arhats, who at all times and all places purify the people of the three worlds by their name, representation, substance, and actual existence. [...] We worship Dharmanātha, the teacher of fourfold dharma, like a kalpa-tree for attainment of creatures’ desires”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dharmanatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ).—a legal protector, rightful master.

Derivable forms: dharmanāthaḥ (धर्मनाथः).

Dharmanātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and nātha (नाथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ).—m. a legitimate lord, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 33, 39.

Dharmanātha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and nātha (नाथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ):—[=dharma-nātha] [from dharma > dhara] m. legal protector, [Rāmāyaṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ):—(dharma + nātha) m. der rechtmässige Beschützer: sarvasya lokasya (rāmaḥ) [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 33, 39.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dharmanātha (धर्मनाथ):—m. ein rechtmässiger Beschützer.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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