Deveshvara, Deveśvara, Deva-ishvara: 11 definitions


Deveshvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Deveśvara can be transliterated into English as Devesvara or Deveshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Deveshvara in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Deveśvara (देवेश्वर) refers to the “lord of gods” and is used to describe Indra, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “Thus with ardour, the king of the demons [i.e., Tāraka] performed the severe penance duly unbearable even to those who heard about it. [...] Indra, the lord of gods [i.e., deveśvara], was extremely terrified. He thought ‘Some one is performing a penance. Surely he will usurp my position. This master mind shall in a trice destroy the whole cosmos’. All those who entertained similar doubts could not decide what to do. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Deveshvara in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Deveśvara (देवेश्वर) refers to the “divine Lord”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.22cd-28ab]—“[...] That is supreme strength, that is supreme amṛt. The highest of splendors is highest light of light. The divine Lord (deveśvaradevam īśvaraṃ) is the supreme cause of all the world. The creator, supporter, and destroyer are not as strong as this. This receptacle of mantras is the word of all perfections and characteristics [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhist Teachers, Deities and other Spiritual beings

Deveśvara (देवेश्वर) refers to one of the “Seven Dharma kings” (Tibetan: chos rgyal bdun) as well as the “Thirty-two kings of Shambhala”, according to the Tibetan oral recounting and written texts such as the Kalachakra Tantra (kālacakratantra), dealing with the Buddhist conception of the end of the world and time.—The Tibetan mythic land (the kingdom of Shambhala) is a parallel world invisible and inaccessible to common people which is closely related to the teaching about the Wheel of Time (dus 'khor). The seven Dharmarajas [e.g., Deveśvara] and twenty-five Kulikas are the traditional rulers of Shambhala, passing on the reign from father to son.

Deveśvara is also known as Dharmaraja Sureshvara, and in Tibetan as (1) Lhaji Wangchug (2) Chogyal Lhaiwangchug [chos rgyal lha'i dbang phyug] (3) Lhae Wangchug (4) [lha dbang]; and in Mongolian as: Khaan Lkhdeivanchug. His traditional reign is considered to be from 576 to 476 BC. Somadatta is further considered to be an emanation of Jambhaka.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Deveshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Deveśvara (देवेश्वर).—Name of (1) Śiva. (2) Indra.

Derivable forms: deveśvaraḥ (देवेश्वरः).

Deveśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and īśvara (ईश्वर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deveśvara (देवेश्वर).—m. the lord of gods, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 25, 13.

Deveśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and īśvara (ईश्वर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deveśvara (देवेश्वर).—[masculine] lord of the gods (Śiva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Deveśvara (देवेश्वर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—guru of Sarvajñātman (Saṃkṣepaśārīraka). Hall. p. 90. L. 1136.

2) Deveśvara (देवेश्वर):—son of Sūrajit, father of Sadārāma (Audgātraratnākara). Io. 1254.

3) Deveśvara (देवेश्वर):—poet. Mentions Govindarāja, Bhoja, Hammīra. Śp. p. 39.

4) Deveśvara (देवेश्वर):—Gaṅgāṣṭaka. Kāvyamālā.

5) Deveśvara (देवेश्वर):—son of Vāgbhaṭa: Kavikalpalatā.

Deveśvara has the following synonyms: Devendra.

6) Deveśvara (देवेश्वर):—son of Vāgbhaṭa: Candrakalāpa alaṃk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Deveśvara (देवेश्वर):—[from deva] m. ‘sovereign of the g°’, Name of Śiva, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of a pupil of Śaṃkarācārya, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] of another author, [ib.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Deveśvara (देवेश्वर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Devesara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Deveshvara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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