Devarakshita, Devarakṣita, Devarakṣitā: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Devarakshita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Devarakṣita and Devarakṣitā can be transliterated into English as Devaraksita or Devarakshita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Devarakshita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Devarakṣitā (देवरक्षिता).—Sister of Devakī, mother of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (See Devakī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Devarakṣita (देवरक्षित).—A son of Devaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 130; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 72. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 17.

1b) The rulers of Kosala, Āndhra, Puṇḍra, Tāmralipta and Samataṭa (Campa, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 385. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 64.

2) Devarakṣitā (देवरक्षिता).—One of the seven daughters of Devaka and a queen of Vasudeva; mother of nine sons and a daughter;1 Upāsangadhara was one of her sons.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 23 and 32; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 131, 162, 181; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 130; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 18.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 46. 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Devarakshita in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Devarakṣita (देवरक्षित) is the name of a Brāhman from Karabha, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 108. Accordingly, as a certain woman from Vakrolaka said to Nāgasvāmin: “... there is a Brāhman of the name of Devarakṣita. He has in his house a splendid brown cow, an incarnation of Surabhi; she will protect you during this night, if you repair to her for refuge...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Devarakṣita, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

 Devarakṣita is mentioned in the  “Senakapāṭ inscription of the time of Śivagupta Bālārjuna” (7th century A.D.). Verse 7 states how Devarakṣita obtained, apparently from king Nannarāja, the governorship of the Vindhyan territory (Vindhya-dhūr-dharatva) as far as the banks of the river Varadā (Varadā-taṭa-parihata) and how he became well-known as Yaśobhāṇḍāgāra (literally, ‘ a store-house of fame ’).

This stone (mentioning Devarakṣita) was found in the house of a Brāhmaṇa resident of Senakapāṭ. The object is to eulogise the construction of a Śiva temple and its dedication in favour of a Śaiva ascetic together with some plots of land.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Devarakshita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devarakṣita (देवरक्षित):—[=deva-rakṣita] [from deva] m. ‘god-protected’, Name of a son of Devaka, [Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] of a prince of the Kosalas, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Brāhman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) Devarakṣitā (देवरक्षिता):—[=deva-rakṣitā] [from deva-rakṣita > deva] f. of a daughter of Devaka and one of the wives of Vasu-deva, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Devarakshita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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