Devaka: 17 definitions



Devaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Devaka (देवक):—Son of Yudhiṣṭhira (one of the sons of Pāṇḍu) and his wife called Pauravī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.30-31)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Devaka (देवक).—A king in ancient India. Born in the Yayāti dynasty he shone like Indra (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67). He was the brother of Ugrasena, father of Kaṃsa, and the father of Devakī, the mother of Kṛṣṇa. (Sabhā Parva, Southern Text, Chapter 22).

2) Devaka (देवक).—A king in ancient India. He fostered a girl born to a brahmin by a Śūdra woman. It was this girl whom Vidura married. (Adi Parva, Chapter 113, Verse 12).

3) Devaka (देवक).—A king, a contemporary of the Pāṇḍavas. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 41, Verse 17).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Devaka (देवक).—A Bhoja, and son of Āhuka (Āhukāndha, Vāyu-purāṇa.); brother of Ugrasena, hated by Kaṃsa.1 Devakī was one of his seven daughters, all of whom were married to Vasudeva. Father of four sons Devavān and others.2 Gave rich presents to his daughter Devakī when she was married.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 27; III. 1. 33; X. 36. 24 [31] and 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 129-30; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 71-2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 16-17.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 21-23; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 128-9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 18-19; V. 1. 5.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 32.

1b) A son of Yudhiṣṭhira by Pauravī (Yaudheyī, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 30. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 44.

1c) A class of people in Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 22.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Devaka (देवक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.62) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Devaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Devaka (देवक) refers to one of the sons of Kroṣṭā and grandson of Yadu, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Nahuṣa married Virajā (the daughter of Pitṛ) and was blessed with five sons of whom Yayāti was the most famous. Yayāti had two wives—Devayānī and Śarmiṣṭhā. Devayānī gave birth to Yadu and Turvasu. [...] The Son of Yadu was Kroṣṭā in whose race the most glorious kings were born. The text only names them as [viz., Devaka].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Devaka.—(IA 23), the guardian spirit or a god. Note: devaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Devaka, (adj.) (-°) (deva+ka) belonging or peculiar to the devas; only in sa°-loka the world including the gods in general D.I, 62; Nd2 309; Sn.86 377, 443, 760 etc.; Miln.234. See also devamanussa-loka. (Page 330)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvaka (देवक).—n (S) A term for the deity or deities worshiped at marriages, thread-investitures &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dēvaka (देवक).—n A term for the deity or deities worshipped at marriages &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devaka (देवक).—a. [div-ṇvul]

1) sporting, playing.

2) Divine, godlike, celestial.

-kaḥ (at the end of comp.) A god, deity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devaka (देवक).—mfn.:

(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) 1. Who or what sports or plays. 2. Divine, celestial, like a deity. m.

(-kaḥ) A proper name, the maternal grandfather of Krishna. E. div to play, ṇvul affix; or deva, and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devaka (देवक).—[deva + ka], I. A substitute for deva when latter part of a comp. adj., e. g. sa-, adj. With the gods, Mahābhārata 2, 1396. Ii. m. 1. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2704. 2. pl. The inhabitants of one of the varṣas, or divisions of the world, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 20, 22. Iii. f. vikā, 1. The name of a river, Mahābhārata 3, 5044. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 3828. Iv. f. vakī, A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2428.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devaka (देवक).—(adj. —°) god; [Name] of a Gandharva & of [several] men. [feminine] devikā a goddess of low rank; devakī [Name] of Kṛṣṇa’s mother.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devaka (देवक):—[from deva] mf(ikā)n. who or what sports or plays, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] divine, celestial idem

3) [v.s. ...] m. (div) a god, deity (at the end of an [adjective (cf. [masculine, feminine and neuter; or adjective])] [compound]), [Mahābhārata ii, 1396 etc.] (cf. daivaka)

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a man (?), [Ṛg-veda vii, 18, 20; Sāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Gandharva (at once a prince, son of Āhuka and father of Devakī [below] [Mahābhārata i, 4480; v, 80 etc.; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa])

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Yudhi-ṣṭhira and Yaudheyī or Pauravī (cf. vikā below), [Purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] familiar Name for deva-dattaka, [Pāṇini 5-3, 83; Patañjali]

8) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of the Śūdras in Krauñca-dvīpa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 20, 22]

9) Devakā (देवका):—[from devaka > deva] f. fam. for deva-dattikā, [Pāṇini 7-3, 45], [vArttika] 4, [Patañjali]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Devaka (देवक):—

1) m. a) am Ende eines adj. comp. = deva Gott: sadevakeṣu lokeṣu bhagavāṃkeśavo mukham [Mahābhārata 2, 1396. 3, 10275. 14711.] Vgl. daivaka . — b) proparox. Nomen proprium eines Mannes nach [Sāyaṇa] : devakaṃ cinmānyamā.yaṃ jagha.thāva.tmanā bṛha.aḥ śambaraṃ bhet [Ṛgveda 7, 18, 20.] Nomen proprium eines Gandharva: yastvāsīddevako nāma devarājasamadyutiḥ . sa gandharvapatirmukhyaḥ kṣitau jajñe narādhipaḥ .. [Mahābhārata 1, 2704.] gemeint ist wohl der Fürst gleiches Namens, der Sohn Āhuka’s und Vater der Devakī, der Mutter Kṛṣṇa’s, [4480. 5, 80. 7, 6033. fgg.] [Harivaṃśa 2024. fgg. 5083.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 436.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 24, 20.] devakabhojaputrī = devakī [3, 1, 33.] devakātmajā desgl. [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Yudhiṣṭhira von der Yaudheyī oder Pauravī (vgl. devikā c. weiter unten) [Viṣṇupurāṇa 459.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 22, 29.] — Hypokoristikon von devadatta [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 83, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 2, Scholiast] — c) pl. Name der Bewohner eines Varṣa in Krauñkadvīpa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 20, 22.] —

2) f. devikā (demin. von devī) a) Bez. gewisser Göttinnen niederer Gattung (s. u. b): itthamahamasya rājanyasya devikāśca devīścobhayīryajñe samamādayam [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 48.] iti nu devikānām (havīṃṣyuktāni [Sāyaṇa][?) 47. The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 5, 1, 34.] havīṃṣi [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 47.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 5, 11.] — b) pl. (freie Abkürzung) die Spenden, welche diesen Göttinnen (nämlich der Anumati, Rākā, Sinīvālī, Kuhū und dem Dhātar) dargebracht werden: devikā.nirvapetpra.ākāmaḥ [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 4, 9, 1.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension 12, 8.] — c) Nomen proprium der Gemahlin Yudhiṣṭhira’s und Mutter Yaudheya's (vgl. u. 1, b) [Mahābhārata 1, 3828.] — d) Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 1.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 35.] [Mahābhārata 3, 5044. 14229. 6, 324. 13, 1696. 1707. 6764. 7645.] [Harivaṃśa 12829.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 182.] Nomen proprium einer Gegend (?) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 11, 35.] Vgl. dāvika . — e) Stechapfel (dhustūra) [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. devakā Hypokoristikon von devadattā [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 45, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 5], Sch. —

4) f. devakī Nomen proprium einer Tochter Devaka's, Gemahlin Vasudeva's und Mutter Kṛṣṇa’s, [Mahābhārata 1, 2428. 7308. 7, 6034. fgg.] [Harivaṃśa 1949. 2026. 3304. fgg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 436. 502.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 1, 12. 9, 24, 22. 44. 52. fgg.] verschiedene [PURR.] in [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 6, 92. fgg.] = aditi [Harivaṃśa 3165.] = dākṣāyaṇī [Matsyapurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 39,b,14.] Kṛṣṇa führt die Beinamen: devakīputra [Chāndogyopaniṣad 3, 17, 6] (Schüler des Ghora Aṅgirasa; vgl. [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 8).] [Mahābhārata 13, 508.] [Harivaṃśa 8009.] devakīnandana [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 16.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 8, 21.] [Gītagovinda 5, 20.] devakinandana [Mahābhārata 1, 401. 2, 954. 980. 13, 6878. 14, 1498.] devakīsūnu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 218.] devakīmātar die Dev. zur Mutter habend [Mahābhārata 7, 726. 14, 411.]

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Devaka (देवक):—

1) c) genauer: Bez. der den Śūdra entsprechenden Bewohner von Kr.

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Devaka (देवक):—, devakā f. Hypokoristikon von devadattā [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.7,115,b.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Devaka (देवक):——

1) am Ende eines adj. Comp. = ^1. deva Gott.

2) m. — a) Pl. Bez. der Cūdra in Krauñcadvīpa. — b) Nomen proprium — α) eines Gandharva. — β) verschiedener Männer , unter andern des Vaters der Devakī. — c) *Hypokoristikon von devadatta. —

3) *f. devakā Hypokoristikon von devadattā. —

4) f. devikā — a) Pl. — α) Bez. gewisser Göttinnen niederer Gattung. havis n. [Vaitānasūtra] — β) die Spenden , die diesen Göttinnen dargebracht werden. — b) Stechapfel. — c) Nomen proprium — α) der Gattin Yudhiṣṭhira's. — β) eines Flusses [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhatsaṃhitā 11,35.] —

5) f. devakī Nomen proprium einer Tochter Devaka’s und Mutter Kṛṣṇa's. Wird mit Aditi und der Dākṣāyaṇī identificirt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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