Devadana, Devadāna, Deva-dana: 4 definitions


Devadana means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Trade and Statecraft in the Ages of Colas

Devadāna is translated “God’s gift” and identified land which had been endowed to a Vaiṣṇava or a Śaivite temple. Such land should not be considered to have been under the absolute ownership of a temple. While it is by no means clear that land was “owned” in the modern sense, it is indisputable that rights to shares of a land’s produce could be bought and sold during Cōḻa times. However, transfers of “ownership” did not normally involve the displacement of the land’s production which was normally collected as veḷḷānvagai, i.e, under the right of proprietary rights). [...]

Devadāna lands were usually managed by temple authorities but were still subject to the supervision of local village assemblies as well as the central government. [...] Devadāna grants by private individuals, including the king, did not automatically become tax-free land (iṟaiyili) since both the imperial regime and the local assemblies still expected and were obligated to collect normal tax payments from the endowed land. Thus special arrangements beyond the grant itself had to be negotiated to make a devadāna free of taxes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Deva-dāna.—(EI 5, 23, 25, 30; SITI; ASLV), gift made to a god; rent-free land in the possession of a temple; same as deva-bhoga, deva-deya, deva-dāya, dev-āgrahāra. Cf. devadāna-iṟaiyili (SITI), village or land granted to a temple. Note: deva-dāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas (history)

Devadāna refers to “endowed land”.—When lands were made over to temples as devadāna by kings, chieftains or other local residents, the temple became entitled to collect all the tax from that land. In return the temple also had responsibilities towards that land. [...] The taxes and other income due to the government and that the temple could claim from the devadāna villages and lands included taxes on various professional and trade taxes, water tax and so on.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dēvadāna (ದೇವದಾನ):—[noun] = ದೇವದಾಯ [devadaya].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of devadana in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

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