Davaka, Ḍavāka, Dāvaka: 7 definitions


Davaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Davaka was a kingdom of ancient India, located in current central region of Assam state. The references to it comes from the 4th century Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta, where it is mentioned as one of five frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire; the Shung-Shu History of the Liu Song dynasty, where the kingdom is named Kapili (now the name of a river); the Gachtal stone pillar inscription written in Kamrupi language. N K Bhattasali has identified it with Dabaka in modern Nagaon district, with the kingdom associated with the Kopili-Kolong river valley.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Dāvaka (दावक) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Dāvakī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Dāvaka] are whitish red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

2) Dāvaka (दावक) is also the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Dāvakī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jalacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the jalacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Dāvaka] are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife..

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Ḍavāka (डवाक) is a place-name without suffix and is mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 1. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Ḍavāka has been mentioned as one of the frontier states subdued by Samudragupta.

According to Fleet, Ḍavāka was the ancient name of Dacca. V.A. Smith takes Ḍavāka as corresponding to Bogra, Dinajpur and Rajshahi districts. But as these districts were not actually incorporated in the Gupta dominions, D.R. Bhandarkar suggests that Ḍavāka corresponds to the hill-tract of Chittagong and Tippera. K. L. Barua identifieds Ḍavāka with Kopili valley in Assam. Generally Ḍavāka is identified with modern Daboka in Nowgong district, Assam. It thus corresponds to the valley of the Kapili and the Yamuna rivers in Nawgong district where we still find a place called Doboka.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Ḍavāka (डवाक).—Fleet suggests that Ḍavāka may be another form of Dacca. According to Smith it corresponded to the modern Districts of Bogra, Dinajpur and Rajshahi in Bengal. Yuvan Chwang informs us that in this region five countries were conterminous, Puṇḍravardhana; to its east or rather north-east, Kāmarūpa; to the south of Kāmarūpa, Samataṭa; to the east of Samataṭa, Tāmraliptī; and to the north-west of Tāmraliptī, Karṇasuvarṇa.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍavaka (डवक).—f C (In Desh. ḍauṅka or ख) The hand inverted with fingers extended (to take up meal, sugar &c.): also a quantity so measured.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dāvaka (दावक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dūmaka, Dūmaga, Dūmaṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ḍavaka (ಡವಕ):—[noun] he who holds, extends, stretches (something) out, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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