Dava, Dāva: 13 definitions


Dava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Dāva (दाव) or Dāvanirghoṣa or simply Dāgha refers to the “sounds of a forest-fire” and represents one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to Jayaratha (author of the 13th century commentary Tantrālokaviveka on Abhinavagupta’s Tantrāloka). Jayaratha cites the Brahmayāmala passage giving this order of the ten sounds (eg., Dāva).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dava (दव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.103.13) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Dāva (दाव) or Dava refers to “forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Dāva] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dāva (दाव, ‘forest fire’) is mentioned in the Atharvaveda and the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. In the latter work such fires are referred to as occurring in spring. According to Sieg, a hymn of the Rigveda describes a forest fire. Watchers were employed to guard against surprise from such conflagrations (dāva-pa).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dava : (m.) play; sport.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dāva, (Sk. dāva, see dava1 & daya1) in °aggi a jungle-fire J.I, 213; III, 140; Vism.470; DhA.I, 281. (Page 320)

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1) Dava, 2 (Sk. drava to dravati to run, flow, etc. *dreu besides *drā (see dalidda) & *dram (=Gr. drόmos); cp. abhiddavati, also dabba=dravyaṃ) running, course, flight; quickness, sporting, exercise, play Vin.II, 13; M.I, 273; III, 2; A.I, 114; II, 40, 145; IV, 167; Pug.21, 25.—davā (Abl.) in sport, in fun Vin.II, 101; davāya (Dat.) id. Nd2 540; Miln.367; Dhs.1347, cp. DhsA.402.—davaṃ karoti to sport, to play J.II, 359, 363.

2) Dava, 1 (Sk. dava, to dunoti (q. v.); cp. Gr. dais fire-brand) fire, heat J.III, 260.—See also dāva & dāya.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍava (डव).—m ( H) A hollowed cocoanut used as a cup or vessel: also a half or a piece of cocoanut-shell, or a bowl of wood with a handle, serving as a ladle.

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ḍāva (डाव).—m ( H) A game (at chess, ball, sōṅgaṭyā &c.) v khēḷa. 2 A throw or cast (of dice, cowries &c.) v ṭāka. 3 The turn up (of dice). v paḍa, Pr. phāṃsā paḍēla tō ḍāva rājā bōlēla tō nyāva. 4 The time or turn to cast or play. 5 Season, occasion, fit time. 6 The time of prevalence or power; one's opportunity; the day or turn of. 7 The power, grasp, reach, clutch of. 8 A hand at cards. 9 Spite, grudge, malice. v dhara. Ex. jaisā mahā sarpēṃ dharilā ḍāva || tyācēca phaṇēvara paḍalā pāva || tō dhudhukāra ṭākīta dhāvē || ghyāvayā jīva tyācā ||. 10 A scheme, measure, manœuvre, device, stratagem. v khēḷa. 11 R The square (the cloth, board, scratched place on the ground &c.) for playing with cowries &c. 12 f A bowl of wood, cocoanut-shell, or similar thing with a stick-handle, serving as a ladle. Pr. pātrānta asalā tara ḍāvēnta yēīla; Pr. ḍāva asatāṃ hāta bharūṃ nayē. 13 m A description of boat or vessel, a dow. 14 A mark made with a hot iron. gēlā ḍāva (tarīṃ) At the least; at the lowest or worst. ḍāva lāgū hōṇēṃ in con. & vara of s. To lose the game. ḍāvī pēṭaṇēṃ g. of o. To be inflamed or incensed against.

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ḍāvā (डावा).—a Left--opp. to right. ḍāvā ghālaṇēṃ To leave on the left hand in passing. ḍāvī ghālaṇēṃ (dēvāsa &c.) To circumambulate (an idol &c.) leaving it on the left. ḍāvī or ḍāvī guḍhī dēṇēṃ See under dēva & guḍhī. ḍāvīujavī dēṇēṃ-sāṅgaṇēṃ- bōlaṇēṃ To refuse or to grant; to deny or to allow.

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davā (दवा).—f ( A) Medicine, physic, drugs.

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dāva (दाव).—m S A forest. 2 (For dāvānala) A forest on fire.

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dāvā (दावा).—m ( A) Enmity, opposition, contrariety: also spite or grudge. 2 A right or a just claim. 3 In law. A suit or an action. dāvā ugaviṇēṃ or ghēṇēṃ with vara of o. To wreak one's vengeance upon; to take one's revenge. dāvā gāṇēṃ or sāṅgaṇēṃ with vara of o. To mutter threats of vengeance against. dāvā tōḍaṇēṃ To settle claims. dāvā dharaṇēṃ g. of o. To conceive or to hold a spite against. dāvā radda karaṇēṃ To nonsuit. dāvā sādhaṇēṃ To accomplish one's grudge against: also to carry one's suit against. Ex. mhaṇē tukayānēṃ sādhilā dāvā || nyāya sāṅgāvā kavaṇāsīṃ ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍava (डव).—m A hollowed cocoanut used as a cup or vessel.

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ḍāva (डाव).—m A game. The time or turn to cast or play. The time of prevalence or power; one's opportunity. Spite, grudge, malice. v dhara. A bowl of wood &c. gēlā ḍāva (tarī) At the least. ḍāva lāgū hōṇēṃ. in con. & vara of s. To lose the game.

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ḍāvā (डावा).—a Left-opp. to right

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davā (दवा).—f Medicine.

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dāva (दाव).—m A forest.

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dāvā (दावा).—m Enmity, opposition; also spite or grudge. A just claim. A suit or an action. dāvā ugaviṇēṃ or ghēṃṇēṃ with vara To wreak one's vengeance upon. dāvā tōḍaṇēṃ Settle claims. dāvā dharaṇēṃ Conceive a spite against. dāvā sādhaṇēṃ Accomplish one's grudge against.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dava (दव).—

1) A wood, forest; नमो नेदिष्ठाय प्रियदव दविष्ठाय च नमः (namo nediṣṭhāya priyadava daviṣṭhāya ca namaḥ) Śiva-Mahimna-stotra 29.

2) Wild fire, forest-conflagration; वितर वारिद वारि दवातुरे (vitara vārida vāri davāture) Subhāṣ; Bhāg.8.6.13.

3) Fire, heat.

4) Fever, pain.

Derivable forms: davaḥ (दवः).

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Dāva (दाव).—[dunāti-du kartari ṇa] = दव (dava) q. v.; कौरव्यवंशदावेऽस्मिन् क एष शलभायते (kauravyavaṃśadāve'smin ka eṣa śalabhāyate) Ve.1.19.

Derivable forms: dāvaḥ (दावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dava (दव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A wood on fire, a forest conflagration. 2. A wood, a forest. 3. Fire in general. 4. Heat, (general or physical.) E. du to agitate, affix ac; also dāva .

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Dāva (दाव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A forest. 2. A forest on fire. 3. Fire in general. 4. Heat. E. du to go or run, affix karttari ṇaḥ see dava .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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