Dashta, Daṣṭa, Ḍasṭa: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Dashta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Daṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Dasta or Dashta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Dast.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Daṣṭa (दष्ट, “bitten”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the chin (cibuka), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Daṣṭa (दष्ट).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the chin (cibuka);—Instructions: when the lower lip. is bitten by the teeth. Uses: in angry efforts.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Daṣṭa (दष्ट) refers to “gnashing” (i.e., of the teeth), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.35. Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Dakṣa:—“[...] there is none to offer us refuge in the three worlds. Who can be the refuge of an enemy of Śiva in this world? Even if the body undergoes destruction, the torture at the hands of Yama is in store for us. It is impossible to bear as it generates much misery. On seeing an enemy of Śiva, Yama gnashes his teeth [viz., daṣṭa-danta]. He puts him in cauldrons of oil and not otherwise”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Daṣṭa (दष्ट) refers to a “snake-bite”, as taught in the Damśarūpa (“aspects of snake-bites”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The author discusses conditions under which snakes bite, types of fangs and bites, vital spots of bite which can be fatal, stages of envenomation and astrological considerations for snake-bite effect. A bite caused by two teeth (daṣṭa-dantadvaya) accompanied by saliva does not bode well; it is to be known as a delicate bite by an intoxicated snake which is poisonous.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Daṣṭa (दष्ट):—Bitten / stung

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daṣṭa (दष्ट).—p S Bitten or stung.

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dasta (दस्त).—m n ( P A hand.) An assessment or a tax. 2 A hand at cards. 3 fig. Power, authority, right. 4 In notes. A hand. dasta karaṇēṃ To seize; to lay hold of.

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dastā (दस्ता).—m ( P) A quire of paper. 2 The stock of a musket. 3 A division of an army. 4 A hand at cards. 5 A pestle.

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dāṣṭa (दाष्ट).—a dāṣṭīka a Sour, cross-grained, churlish, surly. Pr. dāṣṭāsa dēva dhārajaṇā.

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dāsta (दास्त).—f (A bridged from nigādāsta) Care of or heed unto in preserving, treating, or using. v kara, ṭhēva, rākha, g. of o.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dasta (दस्त).—m n A tax. A hand at cards. Power, right, authority. (In notes.) A hand.

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dastā (दस्ता).—m A quire of paper. The stock of a musket. A hand at cards. A pestle.

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dāṣṭa (दाष्ट).—a Sour, cross-grained, chur lish, surly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṣṭa (दष्ट).—See under दंश् (daṃś).

See also (synonyms): daśana.

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Dasta (दस्त).—a.

1) Wasted, perished.

2) Thrown, tossed.

3) Dismissed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṣṭa (दष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Bitten. 2. Joining to, in contact with. E. daś to bite, kta aff.

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Dasta (दस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Lost, destroyed. 2. Thrown, tossed. 3. Sent away, dismissed. E. das to lose, &c. and kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṣṭa (दष्ट).—[adjective] bitten or stung; [neuter] biting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daṣṭa (दष्ट):—mfn. (√daṃś) bitten, stung, [Manu-smṛti xi; Mahābhārata] etc. (said of a wrong pronunciation, [Pāṇinīya-śikṣā] [Ṛg-veda] [35])

2) n. a bite, [Suśruta i, 13, 6.]

3) Dasta (दस्त):—[from das] mfn. = dosita, [Pāṇini 7-2, 27; Vopadeva xxvi.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daṣṭa (दष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) p.] Bitten.

2) Dasta (दस्त):—[(staḥ-stā-staṃ) p.] Thrown; dismissed, sent away; lost.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Daṣṭa (दष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ḍakka, Ḍasia, Dakka, Daṭṭha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dashta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Dasta (दस्त) [Also spelled dast]:—(nm) loose stool(s); stool; hand; —[ba-dasta] hand in hand; from hand to hand; ~[bastā] with folded hands; ~[yāba] acquired, obtained, achieved; hence ~[yābī] (nf); —[ānā/laganā] to have loose motions; to suffer from diarrhoea.

2) Dastā (दस्ता):—(nm) a squad (of troops, police, etc.); handle; haft; sleeve hafting; quire (of loose sheets of paper); bouquet (of flowers etc.); a pounder.

3) Dasta in Hindi refers in English to:—[[~tva]] (nf), [~attv] (nm) servility, servile disposition, slavery, bondage; thraldom, serfdom; ~[ta ki bedi] bonds/fetters of slavery..—dasta (दासता) is alternatively transliterated as Dāsatā.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daṣṭa (ದಷ್ಟ):—[adjective] seized, pierced or cut with the teeth; bitten; stung.

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Daṣṭa (ದಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] a man who is bitten (as by a snake) or stung (as by a scorpion).

2) [noun] the portion of the body bitten or stung.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Ḍasṭa (डस्ट):—n. dust;

2) Dasta (दस्त):—n. 1. diarrhea; motion of the bowels; 2. hand;

3) Dastā (दस्ता):—n. squadron; special team;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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