Dashamukha, Daśamukha, Dashan-mukha: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Dashamukha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Daśamukha can be transliterated into English as Dasamukha or Dashamukha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dashamukha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Daśamukha (दशमुख) is another name for Rāvaṇa, the eighth Prativāsudeva according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. He is also known by the name Laṅkeśa. Jain legends describe nine such Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes) usually appearing as powerful but evil antagonists instigating Vāsudeva by subjugating large portions of Bharata-land. As such, they are closely related with the twin brothers known as the Vāsudevas (“violent heroes”) and the Baladevas (“gentle heroes”).

According to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita 7.1, the mother of Daśamukha (Rāvaṇa) is named Ratnaśravas and his mother Kaikasī. Accordingly, “Ratnaśravas gave him the name Daśamukha because his face was united with the nine rubies”. Rāvaṇa has two elder brothers named Bhānukarṇa (or Kumbhakarṇa) and Bibhīṣaṇa, and a sister named Candraṇakhā (or Śūrpaṇakhā).

The Prativāsudevas (such as Daśamukha) fight against the twin-heroes with their cakra-weapon but at the final moment are killed by the Vāsudevas. Their stories are narrated in the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Daśamukha (दशमुख) (also called Rāvaṇa) is a son of Rākṣasa Ratnaśravas (son of Sumālin) and Vidyādharī Kaikasī (daughter of Vyomabindu), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] [Kaikasī] bore a son, who made the seats of his enemies shake, with a life-term of more than twelve thousand years. Leaping about on the birth-couch, very strong, shaking the earth, resting on his back, with a proud red lotus of a foot, with, his hand he drew a necklace made of nine rubies from a casket standing near, a necklace which was a present in the past from Indra Bhīma. From inherent arrogance the child put the necklace around his neck and Kaikasī and her attendants were amazed. [...] At once Ratnaśravas gave him ‘the name ‘Daśamukha’ because his face was united with the nine rubies. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dashamukha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daśamukha (दशमुख).—an epithet of Rāvaṇa. °रिपुः (ripuḥ) an epithet of Rāma; सीतां हित्वा दशमुखरिपुर्नोपयेमे यदन्याम् (sītāṃ hitvā daśamukharipurnopayeme yadanyām) R.14.87.

Derivable forms: daśamukhaḥ (दशमुखः).

Daśamukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daśan and mukha (मुख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśamukha (दशमुख).—m.

(-khaḥ) A name of Ravana. E. daśa ten, and mukha a face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśamukha (दशमुख).—[-n], I. n. pl. ten faces, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 10, 23. Ii. adj. having ten faces, epithet of Rāvaṇa, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 59. Diṅmº, i. e.

Daśamukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daśa and mukha (मुख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśamukha (दशमुख).—[adjective] ten-faced ([Epithet] of Rāvaṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daśamukha (दशमुख):—[=daśa-mukha] [from daśa] m. = -kaṇṭha, [Meghadūta; Gīta-govinda; Prabodha-candrodaya; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. [plural] 10 mouths, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśamukha (दशमुख):—[daśa-mukha] (khaḥ) 1. m. A name of Rāvana.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dashamukha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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