Darpaṇa, aka: Darpana, Darpaṇā; 11 Definition(s)
Darpaṇa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Darpaṇa (दर्पण) means a mirror. In ancient times, when glass was either unknown or was not employed for making mirrors, highly polished metal plates of various designs were utilised to serve as mirrors. It may be remarked by the way that this old speculum industry has not yet died out in India. In a place called Āramuḷa in Travancore, such mirrors are still manufactured; and the mirrors made by the workmen of this place are so true that they do not show distortion in reflection. Glass mirrors are not allowed to be used in temple service in Malabar, and it is not rare to find in wealthy temples in this part of the country speculum mirrors even as large as three feet by two feet. In sculptures the darpaṇa is either circular or oval in form, and is mounted on a well-wrought handle.Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography
Darpaṇa (दर्पण, “mirror”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. Certain utensils and other objects that are commonly found in the hands of the images are, for example Darpaṇa.
Darpaṇa means a mirror. In ancient times, highly polished metal plates of various designs were utilized to serve as mirrors. The darpaṇa is either circular or oval in form, and is mounted on a well-wrought handle.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Darpaṇa (दर्पण).—A looking-glass to be installed by the side of a deity.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 57. 18; 265. 19; 289. 10.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Darpaṇa (दर्पण).—Name of a commentary on Kondabhatta's Vaiyakaranabhusanasara, written by a grammarian named Harivallabha.
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Darpaṇā (दर्पणा).—Name of a commentary on the Sabdakaustubha, written by Mannudeva or Mantudeva of the nineteenth century.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Darpaṇa (दर्पण) refers to one of the eight aṣṭamaṅgala and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are Śaiva aṣṭamaṅgala including [viz., darpaṇa].Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Darpaṇa (दर्पण) refers to a “mirror” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, darpaṇa]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)
Darpaṇa (दर्पण, “mirror”).—One of the eight providential symbols, or, aṣṭamaṅgala.—One is able to see one’s own self in it. A human being in order to be able to realize knowledge of oneself goes through austerities of ascetic meditation, charitable acts and observance of celibacy, which are a man’s embellishments.Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
darpaṇa (दर्पण).—n (S & m) A mirror. Pr. andhaḷyāsa da0 kāya.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
darpaṇa (दर्पण).—n A mirror.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Darpaṇa (दर्पण).—&c. See under दृप् (dṛp).
See also (synonyms): darpa, darpita.
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1) A looking-glass, mirror; लोचनाभ्यां विहीनस्य दर्पणः किं करिष्यति (locanābhyāṃ vihīnasya darpaṇaḥ kiṃ kariṣyati) Chāṇ.19; Ku.7.26; R.1. 1;14.37.
2) Name of a mountain inhabited by Kubera.
-ṇam 1 The eye.
2) Kindling, inflaming, making proud.
Derivable forms: darpaṇaḥ (दर्पणः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṇaḥ) A mirror. n.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. The eye. 2. Kindling, inflaming. E. dṛp to excite, to shine, affix lyu .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+6): Karnadarpana, Ashtamangala, Harivallabha, Jnanadarpana, Ashtamangalya, Manidarpana, Darpita, Ratnadarpana, Anu, Rajas, Truti, Liksha, Yuka, Amalananda, Shodashopacara, Ragini, Amukha, Prahasana, Vaiyakaranabhushanasaratika, Darpa.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Darpaṇa, Darpana, Darpaṇā; (plurals include: Darpaṇas, Darpanas, Darpaṇās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.4.78 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Verse 3.3.68 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)