Dari, Darī, Dāri, Dārī: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Dari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dāri (दारि).—A serpent born in the family of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. This serpent fell into the sacrificial fire of Janamejaya and was burnt to death. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Stanza 16).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dari (दरि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.14, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dari) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Darī (दरी) refers to a “cave” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Darī], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Darī (दरी) refers to “caves”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Hear now the effects of the heliacal rising of Canopus (Agastya), a star sacred to Agastya who suppressed the Vindhya mountains whose soaring heights obstructed the course of the Sun; to which the pictured robes of the Vidyādhara females leaning for support on their lord’s arms and flying aloft in the sky formed beautiful flowing flags; whose caves were the abodes of lions which, having drunk of the perfumed blood of elephants in rut had their mouths covered with bees that looked like so many black flowers, and from which caves [i.e., antar-darī] issued rivers; [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Vernacular architecture of Assam with special reference to Brahmaputra Valley

Dari is a Dimasa Kachari term referring to “a kitchen ledge”.—It appears in the study dealing with the vernacular architecture (local building construction) of Assam whose rich tradition is backed by the numerous communities and traditional cultures.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

darī : (f.) a cleavage; cleft; cavern.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Darī, (f.) (Sk. darī to dṛṇāti to cleave, split, tear, rend, caus. darayati *der=Gr. dέrw to skin, dέrma, dorά skin); Lith. dirù (id.) Goth. ga-taíran=Ags. teran (tear) =Ohg. zeran (Ger. zerren). To this the variant (r: l) *del in dalati, dala, etc. See also daddara, daddu, dara, avadīyati, ādiṇṇa, uddīyati, purindada (=puraṃ-dara)) a cleavage, cleft; a hole, cave, cavern J.I, 18 (v. 106), 462 (mūsikā° mouse-hole); II, 418 (=maṇiguhā); SnA 500 (=padara).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

darī (दरी).—f (Dim. of darā q.v.) A chasm or cleft amongst hills; a gully, or a dingle or glen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dari (दरि) or Darī (दरी).—f. A cave, cavern, valley; दरीगृह (darīgṛha) Kumārasambhava 1. 1; एका भार्या सुन्दरी वा दरी वा (ekā bhāryā sundarī vā darī vā) Bhartṛhari 3.12.

Derivable forms: dariḥ (दरिः).

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Dāri (दारि).—f. Tearing, cutting.

Derivable forms: dāriḥ (दारिः).

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Dārī (दारी).—

1) A cleft.

2) A kind of disease.

3) A chap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dari (दरि).—f.

(-riḥ) A cave: see dara. E. dṝ to divide, in aff.

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Dāri (दारि).—f.

(-riḥ) Cutting, tearing, dividing. E. dṝ to tear, affixes ṇic and in .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Darī (दरी).—see dara.

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Dārī (दारी).—i. e. dṛ + a + ī, f. A chap, [Suśruta] 1, 294, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dari (दरि).—[adjective] = dara (—°); [masculine] [Name] of a serpent-demon.

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Dāri (दारि).—[adjective] bursting, tearing (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Darī (दरी):—[from dara] a f. a hole in the ground, cave, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

2) Dari (दरि):—[from dara] mfn. ‘splitting, opening’ See go-

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata i, 2157]

4) [v.s. ...] f. metrically for , [vii, 8409].

5) Darī (दरी):—[from dara] b f. of ra.

6) Dārī (दारी):—[from dāra] f. idem, [Suśruta]

7) Dāri (दारि):—[from dāra] mfn. splitting, tearing asunder (cf. veṇu-).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dari (दरि):—(riḥ) 2. f. A cave.

2) Dāri (दारि):—(riḥ) 2. f. A cutting.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Darī (दरी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dari, Darī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Darī (दरी):—(nf) a cotton carpet; a cavern, cave, grotto.

2) Dārī (दारी):—(nf) see [chināra] a term of abuse for a female.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Dari (दरि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Darī.

2) Darī (दरी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Darī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dari (ದರಿ):—

1) [noun] a long but relatively narrow and deep hollow or valley formed by or as by the action of a stream; a ravine.

2) [noun] a hollow in a tree or on the ground (as the one made by rats).

3) [noun] an opening extending horizontally into a hill; a cave.

4) [noun] ಇತ್ತ ದರಿ, ಅತ್ತ ಪುಲಿ [itta dari, atta puli] itta dari, atta puli between equally unpleasant or dangerous alternatives; between the devil and the deep sea.

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Dāri (ದಾರಿ):—

1) [noun] a path, way or course.

2) [noun] a means to an end; an expedient.

3) [noun] the aggregate of features and traits that form the individual nature of some person or thing; character.

4) [noun] ದಾರಿ ಗುಂಟ [dari gumta] dāri guṇṭa all along one’s way; ದಾರಿಗೆ ತರು [darige taru] dārige taru to lead in a right and correct direction; 2. to bring under control; to tame; to make obedient; ದಾರಿಗೆ ಬರು [darige baru] dārige baru to rectify oneself; 2. to become tamed; to overcome one’s wildness; to become obedient; ದಾರಿಗೆ ಹಚ್ಚು [darige haccu] dārige haccu = ದಾರಿಗೆ ತರು - [darige taru -] 1; ದಾರಿ ತಪ್ಪಿಸು [dari tappisu] dāri tappisu to lead in a wrong direction or into error; to mislead; ದಾರಿಯ ಗುಂಟ [dariya gumta] dāriya guṇṭa = ದಾರಿ ಗುಂಟ [dari gumta]; ದಾರಿಯ ದೀಪ [dariya dipa] dāriya dīpa a person or behaviour that serves as an example for others; a leading light; ದಾರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಬಿದ್ದಿರು [dariyalli biddiru] dāriyalli biddiru to be in utter poverty; ಬಂದ ದಾರಿಗೆ ಸುಂಕವಿಲ್ಲ [bamda darige sumkavilla] banda dārige sunkavilla to go back without achieving what was aimed at or strived for.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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