Dandaparushya, Daṇḍapāruṣya, Danda-parushya, Damdaparushya: 12 definitions


Dandaparushya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Daṇḍapāruṣya can be transliterated into English as Dandaparusya or Dandaparushya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[«previous next»] — Dandaparushya in Dharmashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

1) Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य) refers to “harshness of punishment” (i.e., the imposing of heavy fines or corporal punishment, for slight offences). It is part of an eightfold set (of activities) born of Anger, according to the Manubhāṣya verse 7.48.

2) Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य) refers to “physical assault”, and is commonly classified as one of the eighteen vyavahārapada, or “law titles” in the ancient Dharmaśāstras. These vyavahārapadas are categories of ‘legal procedures’ and define a major type of crime for which a person may be tried. The term is derived from vyavahāra (“lawsuits” or “case”) which defines the case between the plaintiff and the defendant, which is often related to social and commercial transactions.

Daṇḍapāruṣya is mentioned in the following sources as one of the eighteen vyavahārapadas: the Arthaśāstra (3.16.38), the Manusmṛti (8.4-7), the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (2.5) and the Nāradasmṛti (mātṛkā 1.30).

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Dandaparushya in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य) refers to “severity of punishment”, and represents one of the eighteen Addictions or Vices (vyasana) which are to be practised within proper bounds for the delight of the enjoyments of the world, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] It has been said that there are eighteen addictions. These are the outcome of the desire for earthly enjovments. [...] Severity of punishment (daṇḍapāruṣya) means hard sentences on those who do not deserve them. It becomes tolerable in critical times for the sake of prestige. It should not otherwise be resorted to. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dandaparushya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daṇḍapāruṣya (दंडपारुष्य).—n S Infliction of harsh punishment. One of the seven vices of rulers. 2 Assaulting with a stick, caning, cudgeling: also beating, esp. violent beating gen. 3 In law. Assault and battery.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

daṇḍapāruṣya (दंडपारुष्य).—n Infliction of harsh punish- ment. Also violent beating.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dandaparushya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य).—

1) assault, violence.

2) hard or cruel infliction of punishment; अत ऊर्ध्वं प्रवक्ष्यामि दण्डपारुष्यनिर्णयम् (ata ūrdhvaṃ pravakṣyāmi daṇḍapāruṣyanirṇayam) Manusmṛti 8.278.

Derivable forms: daṇḍapāruṣyam (दण्डपारुष्यम्).

Daṇḍapāruṣya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daṇḍa and pāruṣya (पारुष्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य).—n.

(-ṣyaṃ) 1. Assault and battery, a title of jurisprudence. 2. Infliction of cruel punishment, one of the seven vices of kings and rulers. E. daṇḍa punishment, pāruṣya severity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य).—[neuter] assault (with a stick).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य):—[=daṇḍa-pāruṣya] [from daṇḍa] n. actual violence, harsh punishment, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti viii, 278 and 301; Pañcatantra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य):—[daṇḍa-pāruṣya] (ṣyaṃ) 1. n. Assault; infliction of cruel punishment.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dandaparushya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dandaparushya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daṃḍapāruṣya (ದಂಡಪಾರುಷ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] a violent attack; an assault.

2) [noun] harsh, rigorous punishment.

3) [noun] the tendency of awarding more rigorous punishment, than the crime or offence committed by the awardee deserves, considered as one of the defects in the administration of law.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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