Dandaparushya, Daṇḍapāruṣya, Danda-parushya: 5 definitions
Dandaparushya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Daṇḍapāruṣya can be transliterated into English as Dandaparusya or Dandaparushya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
1) Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य) refers to “harshness of punishment” (i.e., the imposing of heavy fines or corporal punishment, for slight offences). It is part of an eightfold set (of activities) born of Anger, according to the Manubhāṣya verse 7.48.
2) Daṇḍapāruṣya (दण्डपारुष्य) refers to “physical assault”, and is commonly classified as one of the eighteen vyavahārapada, or “law titles” in the ancient Dharmaśāstras. These vyavahārapadas are categories of ‘legal procedures’ and define a major type of crime for which a person may be tried. The term is derived from vyavahāra (“lawsuits” or “case”) which defines the case between the plaintiff and the defendant, which is often related to social and commercial transactions.
Daṇḍapāruṣya is mentioned in the following sources as one of the eighteen vyavahārapadas: the Arthaśāstra (3.16.38), the Manusmṛti (8.4-7), the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (2.5) and the Nāradasmṛti (mātṛkā 1.30).
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
daṇḍapāruṣya (दंडपारुष्य).—n S Infliction of harsh punishment. One of the seven vices of rulers. 2 Assaulting with a stick, caning, cudgeling: also beating, esp. violent beating gen. 3 In law. Assault and battery.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
daṇḍapāruṣya (दंडपारुष्य).—n Infliction of harsh punish- ment. Also violent beating.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) assault, violence.
2) hard or cruel infliction of punishment; अत ऊर्ध्वं प्रवक्ष्यामि दण्डपारुष्यनिर्णयम् (ata ūrdhvaṃ pravakṣyāmi daṇḍapāruṣyanirṇayam) Ms.8.278.
Derivable forms: daṇḍapāruṣyam (दण्डपारुष्यम्).
Daṇḍapāruṣya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daṇḍa and pāruṣya (पारुष्य).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣyaṃ) 1. Assault and battery, a title of jurisprudence. 2. Infliction of cruel punishment, one of the seven vices of kings and rulers. E. daṇḍa punishment, pāruṣya severity.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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