Danava, aka: Dānava, Dānavā; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Danava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Dānava (दानव) refers to a classification of women according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.—“A woman who transgresses laws and practices trickery, is confirmed in anger, very cruel, fond of wine and meat, always irascible in temper, very proud, fickle-minded, very covetous, harsh, fond of quarrel, jealous and inconstant in affection, is said to possess the nature of an dānava (or, asura)”.

2) Dānava (दानव).—According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35, the role (bhūmikā) of actors playing Dānavas is defined as, “persons who are fat, and have a large body and a voice like the peal of thunder (lit. cloud), furious looking eyes and naturally knit eyebrows, should be employed to take up the role of Rākṣasas, Dānavas and Daityas; for the performance of male actors should be in conformity with their limbs and movements.”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Danava in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dānava (दानव).—Dānavas are the sons born to Kaśyapa Prajāpati by his wife Danu and their descendants. (See under Danu).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Dānava (दानव).—A class of demons from Danu residing in Rasātala; Śvetaparvata their abode;1 were fascinated by Hari but they hated him;2 Vipracitti was their overlord.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 13; V. 24. 30. Vāyu-purāṇa 39. 29; 46. 35; 66. 1.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 40. 22; 85. 41; XI. 14. 5.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 255; 8. 7; 20. 3; IV. 4. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dānava (दानव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.7, I.65, I.61.1) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dānava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dānava (दानव).—The sons born to Kasyapa Prajapati by his wife danu; a race of demons.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Name given to the Asuras because they were descendants of Danu. E.g., Mil.153.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Danava in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dānava : (m.) a Titan.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dānava, (Sk. dānava) a kind of Asuras or Titans, the offspring of Danu J.III, 527; V, 89; Miln.153; Dpvs XVII.98. (Page 318)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dānava (दानव).—m (S) A demon, a titan or giant.

--- OR ---

dānavā (दानवा).—m dānavēṃ n sometimes dānavāra m A long slimy worm, the common earth-worm: otherwise called gāṇḍavaḷa, kāḍū, & davaṇā.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dānava (दानव).—m A demon.

--- OR ---

dānavā (दानवा).—m dānavēṃ n A long slimy worm, the common earth-worm.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dānava (दानव).—[danorapatyaṃ aṇ] A demon, Rākṣasa; त्रिदिवमुद्धृतदानवकण्टकम् (tridivamuddhṛtadānavakaṇṭakam) Ś.7.3.

Derivable forms: dānavaḥ (दानवः).

--- OR ---

Dānava (दानव).—q. v.

See also (synonyms): dānaveya.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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