Dambara, Ḍambara: 16 definitions


Dambara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ḍambara (डम्बर).—One of the two attendants given by Brahmā to Subrahmaṇya. The other attendant’s name is Āḍaṃbara. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 39).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ḍambara (डम्बर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ḍambara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ḍambara (डम्बर) refers to “delusion”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess Kumārī said to Ṛṣi Vyāsa said: “Vyāsa’s state is nothing (real). O Śaṃkara, (there is nothing) of mine (I can give) you. [...] Māyā pervades this world and the entire mobile and immobile universe. Māyā is the supreme Nirvāṇa. Māyā is the supreme delusion [i.e., parama-ḍambara]. Māyā, the whore, is the source (yoni) (of the universe). Māyā is the sacrifice (yāga) without consciousness. Māyā is maṇḍala and mantra. Māyā is the ocean of the principles (of existence). Māyā is Śakti. Śiva is Māyā. Due to Māyā, Śaṃkara (appears as) a sage. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Ḍambara (डम्बर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Ḍambara] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍambara (डंबर).—n Contracted from āḍambara q. v. Ex. jaisē uṭhijēta mēghaḍambara ||.

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ḍambārā (डंबारा) [or डंभारा, ḍambhārā].—m Swollen or puffed state (of the belly). Ex. pōṭānēṃ or pōṭānta ḍaṃ0 dharalā. 2 Full and swagging state (of the clouds): fullness and distension (of a boil &c.): pouting and sulking, or big and menacing looks. v dhara throughout. 3 Forming again or renewal (of a burst tumor). v dhara.

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ḍāmbara (डांबर).—n (ḍāmbhā A stake.) Used hyperbolically of a thorn which has run into the flesh. 2 (Better ḍāmara) Dammer.

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ḍāmbārā (डांबारा).—m Swelling &c. See ḍāmbhārā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍambārā (डंबारा) [or ḍambhārā, or डंभारा].—m Swollen or puffed state.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ḍambara (डम्बर).—a. Famous, renowned.

-raḥ 1 An assemblage, collection, mass; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.16.

2) Show, pomp.

3) Resemblance, likeness, appearance; Uttararāmacarita 6.17; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3.7.

4) Pride, arrogance.

5) A great noise, loud assertion, verbosity; आविर्भावडम्बरं कृत्वा (āvirbhāvaḍambaraṃ kṛtvā) Kathāsaritsāgara 17.5.

6) Beauty.

Derivable forms: ḍambaraḥ (डम्बरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ḍambara (डम्बर).—adj. f.

(-rā) 1. Famous, Renowned. 2. (m) An assemblage, a mass. as in geghaḍamvara .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ḍambara (डम्बर).—I. adj. 1. Renowned, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 3, 8, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] vāc- m. Graceful and eloquent language. Ii. m. 1. A proper name, Mahābhārata 9, 2541. 2. A mass, assemblage (as of blossoms), [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 48, last 1., 148, 8; (of clouds), Mahāvīr. 99, 17; Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ḍambara (डम्बर).—[masculine] noise, confusion, sound of words, bombast, heap, mass, extent, course.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ḍambara (डम्बर):—m. great noise, loud assertion of (in [compound]), verbosity, [Kathāsaritsāgara cvii, 5; Pratāparudrīya; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) entanglement, multitude, mass, [Mālatīmādhava; Mahāvīra-caritra; Kathāsaritsāgara.lxxi]

3) beauty, [Uttararāma-carita; Viddhaśālabhañjikā]

4) Name of an attendant of Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix, 2541]

5) of a Gandharva, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] ḍumb)

6) cf. ā-.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ḍambara (डम्बर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ḍaṃbara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dambara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ḍaṃbara (डंबर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ḍambara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ḍaṃbara (ಡಂಬರ):—

1) [noun] a group of persons, animals or things gathered together at a place; a crowd.

2) [noun] excessive, proud display of one’s merit, status, possessions, etc., to attract attention or to disdain others.

3) [noun] the quality that pleases, attracts or causes the mind absorbed in; beauty.

4) [noun] words spoken hypocritically to please another or others.

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Ḍāṃbara (ಡಾಂಬರ):—[noun] = ಡಾಂಬರು [dambaru].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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