Dakshinayana, aka: Dakṣiṇāyana, Dakshina-ayana; 9 Definition(s)


Dakshinayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dakṣiṇāyana can be transliterated into English as Daksinayana or Dakshinayana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dakshinayana in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन) is the name of a festival that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Dakṣiṇāyana proceeds as folows: The southern progress of the sun is to be celebrated with gifts of ground and parched grains, snow, sugar, vegetables, umbrella, shoes etc. made to the Brāhmaṇas.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—The sun moves fast in;1 moves in the midst of Puṣkaradvīpa.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 92, 136; 51. 73.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 35-6. Ib. II. 21. 67.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Dakshinayana in Jyotisha glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—Sun's southward motion from summer solstice to winter solstice. Note: Dakṣiṇāyana is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—Summer solstice is known as Dakṣiṇāyana or Karkaṭa-Saṃkrānti. The word Dakṣiṇāyana similarly came to be used in later period to designate the date of summer solstice.

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity (jyotisha)
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geogprahy

Dakshinayana in India history glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dakṣiṇa-ayana.—(IA 19), the period during which the sun moves from south to north; cf. uttara-ayaṇa (IA 17). Note: dakṣiṇa-ayana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Dakshinayana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—n (S) The southing or southerly declination of the sun &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—n The southerly declination of the sun, &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dakshinayana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—the sun's progress south of the equator, the half year in which the sun moves from the north to the south, the winter solstice; सर्वेऽश्वमेधैरीजानास्तेऽ न्वयुर्दक्षिणायनम् (sarve'śvamedhairījānāste' nvayurdakṣiṇāyanam) Mb. 12.29.13. रात्रिः स्याद्दक्षिणायनम् (rātriḥ syāddakṣiṇāyanam) Ms.1.67; Bhāg.5.21.3.

Derivable forms: dakṣiṇāyanam (दक्षिणायनम्).

Dakṣiṇāyana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dakṣiṇa and ayana (अयन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dakṣiṇāyana (दक्षिणायन).—n.

(-naṃ) The suns progress towards the south of the equator, the winter solstice. E. dakṣiṇa, and ayana going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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