Dakkhina-vihara, aka: Dakkhiṇa-vihāra; 2 Definition(s)
Dakkhina-vihara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A monastery built by Uttiya, a general of Vattagamani Abhaya, to the south of Anuradhapura (Mhv.xxxiii.88; Dpv.xix.19). It was originally inhabited by monks from the Abhayagiri vihara, but later there was a schism by the Dakkhinaviharaka, as the monks of the Dakkhina vihara were called (Mhv.xxxiii.98).
Ananda gamani Abhaya built for the monastery the Mahagamenditank (Mhv.xxxv.5), while Kanitthatissaka added a mantling to the thupa and built a refectory on some land on the boundary of the Mahameghavana; he also constructed a road to the vihara, and moved on to one side the wall of the Mahavihara in order to do this (Mhv.xxxvi.12f). Voharaka Tissa erected a wall round the monastery (Mhv.vs.35) and Gothabhaya restored the uposatha hall (Mhv.vs.107). The thera Tissa, for whom Mahasena built the Jetavana vihara, was an incumbent of Dakkhina vihara, in this context called Dakkhinarama (Mhv.xxxvii.32). Aggabodhi I. erected a splendid pasada in the vihara (Cv.xlii.14).
The vihara is generally identified with what is now known as Elaras tomb (But see Cv.Trs.i.66, n.3).Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahy
Dakkhiṇa-vihāra is the name of a building founded during the reign of Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya (B.C. 89-77) and was situated in the southern area of Anurādhapura.—Dakkhiṇa-vihāra was founded by a Minister of Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya. The Mahāvaṃsa says, “One ofthe 7 warriors of the king, Uttiya, built, to the south of the City, the so-called Dakkhiṇa-vihāra. In the same place the Minister named Mūla built the Mūlavokāsa-vihāra, which was, therefore, called after him”.
In a series of 2nd or 3rd century inscriptions in situ the thūpa is named Tisa-maha-ceta in Dakiṇi-vihāra: in another inscription of the same period the vihāra is styled Dakiṇi-Abaya-araba-vihera. Dr. Paranavitana is of opinion that the thūpa was built over the cremation site of king Duṭṭhagāmaṇi Abhaya who died in B.C. 137.
Anurādhapura (where Dakkhiṇa-vihāra is found) was first founded as a village settlement in the second half of the 6th century B.C. by a Minister named Anurādha of the first, traditional King, Vijaya. The embellishment of the town with thūpas and vihāras began in the reign of Devānaṃpiya Tissa (B.C. 247-207).Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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