Dakkhina, aka: Dakkhiṇa, Dakkhiṇā; 4 Definition(s)


Dakkhina means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dakkhina in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dakkhiṇā (“south”) represents one of the “ten directions” (diś in Sanskrit or disā in Pali) according to an appendix included in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Dakkhiṇā is a Pali word which is known in Sanskrit as Dakṣiṇā in Tibetan as lho and in Chinese as nan.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Dakkhiṇa is the name of a vihāra founded during the reign of Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya (B.C. 89-77) and was situated in the southern area of Anurādhapura.—See Dakkhiṇa-vihāra.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dakkhina in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dakkhiṇa : (adj.) southern; right (side).

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dakkhiṇā, (f.) (Vedic dakṣiṇā to dakṣ as in daśasyati to honour, to consecrate, but taken as f. of dakkhiṇa & by grammarians expl. as gift by the “giving” (i.e. the right) hand with popular analogy to to give (dadāti)) a gift, a fee, a donation; a donation given to a “holy” person with ref. to unhappy beings in the Peta existence (“Manes”), intended to induce the alleviation of their sufferings; an intercessional, expiatory offering, “don attributif” (Feer) (see Stede, Peta Vatthu, etc. p. 51 sq.; Feer Index to AvŚ p. 480) D.I, 51=III, 66 (d.-uddhaggikā), cp. A.II, 68 (uddhaggā d.); A.III, 43, 46, 178, 259; IV, 64 sq., 394; M.III, 254 sq. (cuddasa pāṭipuggalikā d. given to 14 kinds of worthy recipients) Sn.482, 485; It.19; J.I, 228; Pv.I, 44 (=dāna PvA.18), I.59 (petānaṃ d °ṃ dajjā), IV.151; Miln.257; Vism.220; PvA.29, 50, 70, 110 (pūjito dakkhiṇāya). guru-d. teacher’s fee VvA.229, 230; dakkhiṇaṃ ādisati (otherwise uddisati) to designate a gift to a particular person (with Dat.) Vin.I, 229=D.II, 88.

—âraha a worthy recipient of a dedicatory gift Pv.II, 86; —odaka water to wash in (orig. water of dedication, consecrated water) J.I, 118; IV, 370; DhA.I, 112; PvA.23; —visuddhi. purity of a gift M.III, 256 sq.=A.II, 80 sq.=D.III, 231, cp. Kvu 556 sq. (Page 311)

— or —

Dakkhiṇa, (adj.) (Vedic dakṣiṇa, Av. dašinō; adj. formation fr. adv. *deksi=*deksinos, cp. purāṇa fr. purā, viṣuṇa fr. viṣu, Lat. bīni (=bisni) fr. bis. From same root *deks are Lat. dexter (with compar.-antithetic suffix ter=Sk. tara, as in uttara) & Gr. deciterόs; cp. also Goth. taihswa (right hand), Ohg. zeso & zesawa. See dakkha for further connections) 1. right (opp. vāma left), with a tinge of the auspicious, lucky & prominent: Vin.II, 195 (hattha); PvA.112, 132 (id.); Ps.I, 125. hattha, pāda, etc. with ref. to a Tathāgata’s body); J.I, 50 (°passa the right side); PvA.178 (id.), 112 (°bāhu); Sn.p. 106 (bāha); PvA.179 (°jānumaṇḍalena with the right knee: in veneration).—2. skilled, welltrained (=dakkha) J.VI, 512 (Com. susikkhita).—3. (of that point of the compass which is characterized through “orientation” by facing the rising sun, & then lies on one’s right: ) southern, usually in combn with disā (direction): D.III, 180 (one of the 6 points, see disā), 188 sq. (id.); M.I, 487; II, 72; S.I, 145, etc.

—āvattaka (adj.) winding to the right D.II, 18 (of the hairs of a Mahāpurisa, the 14th of his characteristics or auspicious signs; cp. BSk. dakṣiṇāvarta a precious shell, i.e. a shell the spiral of which turns to the right AvŚ I.205; Divy 51, 67, 116); J.V, 380; —janapada the southern country the “Dekkan” (=dakkhiṇaṃ) D.I, 96, 153 (expld by Bdhgh as “Gaṅgāya dakkhiṇato pākaṭa-janapado” DA.I, 265); —samudda the southern sea J.I, 202. (Page 311)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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