Curna, Cūrṇa: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Curna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Churna.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to “powder”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण, “powder”).—The dried drug is pounded finely without adding any liquid and strained though cloth. This is known as Cūrṇa. Kṣoda and rajas are its synonyms.

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Cūrna (Powder): The dried and powdered form of herb is cūrna. It is dry and can be preserved for longer periods. The shelf life of cūrnas were calculated to 6 months in the literature of Āyurvēda, however, with the advent of modern technology and better quality containers, the powders can be stored up to two years. Ex: Triphala cūrna contains equal parts of powders made from Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica and Emblica officinalis.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: CCRAS: Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India, Appendix I

The fine sieved powder of well dried drug(s) is called Cūrṇa. (see the Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā II.6.1, which is a 14th century medicinal Ayurvedic treatise in Sanskrit written by Śārṅgadhara).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण) refers to “prosaic speech”. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण) refers to one of the six types of division (bheda) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—What is the meaning of cūrṇa? Flour of wheat etc is called cūrṇa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cūrṇa (चूर्ण).—n (S) Powder or dust: also crumbs, particles, fragments. 2 Lime.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cūrṇa (चूर्ण).—n Powder. Lime.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण).—[cūrṇ karmaṇi ac]

1) Powder.

2) Flour.

3) Dust; तत्राश्मचूर्णान्यपतन् पावकप्रकरा इव (tatrāśmacūrṇānyapatan pāvakaprakarā iva) Rām.1.171.3.

4) Aromatic powder, pounded sandal, camphor &c; भवति विफलप्रेरणा चूर्णमुष्टिः (bhavati viphalapreraṇā cūrṇamuṣṭiḥ) Me.68.

-rṇaḥ 1 Chalk.

2) Lime.

3) Pounding.

Derivable forms: cūrṇaḥ (चूर्णः), cūrṇam (चूर्णम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण).—adj.? in Mahāvastu ii.87.12 (kiṃ) karmārāṇāṃ sarva-cūrṇa-karmaṃ ? sūcīyo, what is the most delicate (so Senart; or, profound, significant, important?) work of smiths? Needles. Perh. compare [Jaina Māhārāṣṭrī] cuṇṇa, n., defined by [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo] pada- viśeṣa, gambhīrārthaka pada, mahārthaka śabda. [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo] derives from a Sanskrit caurṇa, of which I can find no trace; if a secondary derivative of cūrṇa, it might mean lit. polished with powder, rubbed down, or the like, and so refined or subtle. Cf. Sanskrit cūrṇi, cūrṇī, and s.v. cūrṇika below (?).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण).—mn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇaṃ) 1. Powder, any pulverulent or minute division of substance. 2. Chalk, lime. 3. Aromatic powder, pounded Sandal, &c. 4. Pounded camphor. f. (-rṇī) 1. A Cowri, the shell used as a coin. 2. Selection of an unanswerable argument. 3. A river in Bengal. 4. The red powder scattered at the Holi festival. 5. Dust: see cūrṇi E. cūrṇ to pound, &c. affix. karmaṇi ac . bhāve ac peṣaṇe .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण).— (an old ptcple. pf. pass. akin to carv), m. and n. Any pulverulent or minute division of substance. 1. Flour, [Pañcatantra] 121, 11. 2. Dust, Mahābhārata 3, 10972. 3. Powder, Mahābhārata 6, 5764. 4. Aromatic powder, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 69.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūrṇa (चूर्ण).—[adjective] ground, pulverized; [masculine] [neuter] dust, flour, powder.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cūrṇa (चूर्ण):—[from cūrṇ] mfn. (√carv) minute, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxxi, 6]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ([Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]) n. powder flour, aromatic powder, pounded sandal, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. [Pāṇini 6-2, 134])

3) [v.s. ...] m. chalk, lime, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xxvii, 36; Prabodha-candrodaya ii, 17 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Vīracarita xv, xxviii]

5) [v.s. ...] n. rice mixed with sesam, [Yājñavalkya i, 303]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of easy prose, [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti i, 3, 25]

7) [v.s. ...] dividing a word by separating double consonant for obtaining a different sense (in a riddle, etc.), [iv, 1, 7].

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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