Cumbana: 17 definitions
Cumbana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chumbana.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Cumbana (चुम्बन) refers to a “ploy”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “The man of knowledge should mark the sacred fields located in the towns. [...] Now listen (to how it is) in the home. [...] (Thus) one should know by means of (this) ploy (cumbana) that bestows the fruit of worldly benefits and liberation (both) what is in the primary and secondary sacred seats and meeting grounds (saṃdoha) as well as what is in the towns, home and body. Thus, O lady of fine vows, the sacred seats and fields have been explained externally”.
2) Cumbana (चुम्बन) refers to “kissing” (the sacred seat), according to Brahmayāmala verse 45.197-199 and 247-250.—Accordingly, “[...] Once the excellent adept has cleaned the sacred seat with holy water, he places his own sacrifice there beginning with the (formation of the) place (of union) and the rest. Once done that, O fair lady, he kisses and embraces [i.e., cumbana-āliṅgana] the sacred seat [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
1) Cumbana (चुम्बन) refers to “kissing”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] If one torments the body with rain, cold and heat, …, devoted to recitation (japarata) and meditation, this is called the Great Observance. A woman skilled in the pleasures of love-making, endowed with beauty and youth; such a woman one should procure, holding one’s senses back from the objects of the senses, and one should kiss (cumbana) and embrace (āliṅgana) [her], placing the penis upon her sex while remaining focussed upon recitation and meditation—one performs [thus] the Sword-Blade Observance. If one should succumb to the control of desire, then one certainly falls into hell. [...]”.
2) Cumbana (चुम्बन) refers to “kissing” (one’s sexual partner), according to verse 45.201-202 of the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, “The Sādhaka should make [her] sit down there. He should start kissing (cumbana) and embracing her and stimulating her. He should collect the purifying [substance, i.e. the sexual fluids]. Overjoyed, they should consume [the fluids]...”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Cuṃbana (चुंबन) refers to “kissing” (someone’s face), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.12 (“The story of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] O Nārada, on seeing their beloved son Kumāra, the lordly couple Śiva and Pārvatī rejoiced much. The great lord got up, kissed him on the head with joy, stroked him with the hand and placed him on his lap. With great affection, the highly delighted Śiva kissed the face (mukha-cuṃbana) of Kumāra, the great lord and the slayer of Tāraka. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
cumbana (चुंबन).—n (S) Kissing. v kara acc. of o. v ghē g. of o. and v dē in suffering another to kiss one's self. 2 A kiss.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
cumbana (चुंबन).—n Kissing; a kiss. cumbita p Kissed.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Cumbana (चुम्बन).—[cumb bhāve lyuṭ] Kissing, a kiss; चुम्बनं देहि मे भार्ये कामचाण्डालतृप्तये (cumbanaṃ dehi me bhārye kāmacāṇḍālatṛptaye) R. G.
Derivable forms: cumbanam (चुम्बनम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) 1. Kissing. 2. A kiss. E. cuvi to kiss, affix bhāve lyuṭ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cumbana (चुम्बन).—[cumb + ana], n. 1. Kissing, [Pañcatantra] 263, 5. 2. Kiss, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 383.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cumbana (चुम्बन).—[neuter] a kiss.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cumbana (चुम्बन):—[from cumb] n. = ba, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra; Amaru-śataka; Gīta-govinda] (ifc. f(ā). , [ii, 13]) etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cumbana (चुम्बन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A kissing.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Cumbana (चुम्बन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cuṃbaṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Cuṃbana (चुंबन) [Also spelled chumban]:—(nm) a kiss, kissing
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Cuṃbaṇa (चुंबण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cumbana.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the act or an instance of touching or pressing with the lips slightly pursed, and then often parting them and emitting a smacking sound, in an expression of affection, love, greeting, reverence, etc.; a kiss.
2) [noun] a light, gentle touch; a slight contact.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 5 books and stories containing Cumbana, Cuṃbana, Cuṃbaṇa, Cumbaṇa; (plurals include: Cumbanas, Cuṃbanas, Cuṃbaṇas, Cumbaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.1.118 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 1.7.48 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]
Verse 1.7.45 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 2g - Rasa (7): Bībhatsa or the sentiment of disgust < [Chapter III - Literary Assessment Of The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)