Cumbaka: 16 definitions
Cumbaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chumbaka.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Cumbaka (चुम्बक) is one of the four varations of Kānta, which is a type of Iron (loha), according to Indian medicinal alchemy (rasaśāstra) described in Sanskrit books such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. Cumbaka is obtained from within the Vindhya range of hills which has stones that attracts iron pieces that does not get detached easily (just like that of the bhakti by devotees of lord Śiva).Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Chumbaka refers to “load stone”. It is a kind of oxide of iron, and is a variety of kanta iron. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Cumbaka (चुम्बक) refers to “one who is deceitful”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is not a Siddha: “He is excessively tall, bald, deformed, short, dwarfish, his nose is ugly or he has black teeth and is wrathful . Some of his limbs are missing and is deceitful [i.e., cumbaka], cripple and deformed, foolish, inauspicious, envious, deluded, badly behaved, and violent; without any teacher, he is devoid of the rites, he maligns the Krama without cause, he is not devoted to the Siddhas, he (always) suffers and is without wisdom. He is (always) ill and one should know that he is (always) attached (to worldly objects) and has no scripture. He has no energy and is dull and lazy. Ugly, he lives by cheating and, cruel, he is deluded, and devoid of (any) sense of reality. Such is the characteristic of one who is not accomplished (asiddha) in a past life”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Cumbaka (चुम्बक) is another name for Ācārya, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.539c-545]—“O fair-faced one, all those who have been initiated by this ritual are of equal nature, whether they be Brahmins, Kṣatriyas, Vaiśyas, Śūdras, or others [of lower castes]. [For] they have been brought into a state of fusion with the nature of Śiva. All are said to be [Śivas,] wearers of [his] braids, their bodies dusted [like his] with ash. All Samayins should sit in a single row. Putrakas, Sādhakas, and Cumbakas [Ācāryas] should do the same. They may not sit according to the divisions of their former castes [e.g., Śūdras]. [For] they are said to form but a single caste of Bhairava, auspicious and eternal. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Cumbaka.—(EI 13), the balance. Note: cumbaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
cumbaka (चुंबक).—m (S) A loadstone. 2 fig. A miser. 3 S A kisser: and fig. a lecher or rake.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
cumbaka (चुंबक).—m A magnet. A loadstone. Fig. A miser. A kisser. A rake.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A kisser.
2) A lecher, a lustful man, libertine.
3) A rogue, cheat.
4) One who has kissed or dipped in a variety of subjects, a superficial scholar.
5) A loadstone.
6) The upper part or middle of a balance.
Derivable forms: cumbakaḥ (चुम्बकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) 1. A kisser, a lecher. 2. A rogue, a cheat. 3. The loadstone. 4. A general scholar, one who knows parts in a variety of books. 5. The upper part or middle of a balance. E. cubi to kiss, affix ṇvul.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cumbaka (चुम्बक).—[cumb + aka] 1., m. A loadstone, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 108, 13.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Cumbaka (चुम्बक):—[from cumb] mfn. one who kisses much, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] ‘one who has read much’, superficial, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] knavish, roguish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] m. = -maṇi, [Prabodha-candrodaya vi, 16; ??? i, 1, 18]
5) [v.s. ...] the upper part of a balance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] n. a parallel passage, [Setubandha xi, 99 [Scholiast or Commentator]]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cumbaka (चुम्बक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A kisser; a rogue; a loadstone; a general scholar; middle part of a balance.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Cuṃbaka (चुंबक) [Also spelled chumbak]:—(nm) a magnet; ~[tva] magnetism; ~[na] magnetisation; [cuṃbakīya] magnetic.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a man who kisses or is kissing.
2) [noun] a man given to excessive sexual indulgence; a lascivious or licentious man; a lecher.
3) [noun] a man who attracts, fascinates others with a view to cheating; a cheat.
4) [noun] a material that has the property of attracting iron pieces towards; a magnet.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
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