Culika, Cūḷikā, Cūlikā, Cūlika: 15 definitions



Culika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Cūḷikā can be transliterated into English as Culika or Culiika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chulika.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Cūlikā (चूलिका) refers to the “intimating speech”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21, it is one of the five explanatory devices (Arthopakṣepaka). These ‘explanatory devies’ were adopted by the playwright for clarifying the obscurities that were liable to occur due to his extreme condensation of the subject-matter. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2) Cūlikā (चूलिका) refers to a “bracelet” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for the wrist (maṇibandha) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is also known by the name Cūḍikā. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., cūlikā) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Natya Shastra

Cūlikā (चूलिका).—One of the five explanatory devices (arthopakṣepaka);—When some points are explained by a superior, middling or inferior character from behind the curtain, it is called an Intimating Speech (cūlikā).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cūlika (चूलिक).—A tribe;1 kings of.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 121.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Chulika refers to a type of salt (sal-ammoniac). Same as Narasara or Navasara. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Cūlikā (चूलिका) is a derivative of Dohā, both metres discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—The Kavidarpaṇa (being intended to be a practical guide to the poet), mentions only 9 Antarasama-catuṣpadis [viz., Dohaka].—At AM. para 23, we have noticed the Dohā and four of its derivatives namely the Cūlikā, the Upacūlikā, the Udgāthaka or Saṃdohaka, and the Soraṭṭha.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Cūlikā (चूलिका) refers to one of the five parts of Dṛṣṭivāda: one of the twelve limbs of the internal-corpus (aṅga-praviṣṭa). The Aṅgapraviṣṭa refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve (e.g., dṛṣṭivāda) or of many kinds”.

How many divisions and their names are there of the Cūlikā? It has five divisions namely: Jalagatā; Sthalagatā; Māyāgatā; Ākāśagatā and Rūpagatā.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Cūlikā (चूलिका, “appendices”) has become a common generic term for two particular texts in the Śvetāmbara canon. The Nandī-sūtra and the Anuyogadvāra-sūtra are treated separately from other groups of scriptures because they provide a methodological and ‘epistemological context’ for the whole canon. The word ‘appendix’ suggests that they come at the end. But this is slightly misleading, as the Nandī-sūtra is often said to come first of all Śvetāmbara holy writings because of its contents. The two Cūlikās complement each other in focusing on different aspects of the concept of knowledge, a crucial theme for Jains. Correctly understanding the truth is a necessary forerunner of behaving properly, which, in turn, is required for spiritual progress towards final liberation from the cycle of rebirth.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cūḷikā : (f.) a knot of hair.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cūlikā, (f.) (Sk. cūlikā, cp. cūḍā)=cūḷa; kaṇṇa° the root of the ear J.II, 276; Vism.249, 255; DhA.IV, 13 (of an elephant). °baddha S.II, 182; KS.II, 122. See also cūḷā. (Page 271)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cūlika (चूलिक).—A cake of flour fried with ghee.

Derivable forms: cūlikam (चूलिकम्).

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Cūlikā (चूलिका).—[cul samuccaye ṇvul pṛṣo ° dīrghaḥ]

1) The crest or comb of a cock.

2) The root of an elephant's ear. Mātaṅga. L.6.9.

3) (In dramas) The hinting or indication of the occurrence of any event by characters behind the stage; अन्तर्जवनिकासंस्थैः सूचनार्थस्य चूलिका (antarjavanikāsaṃsthaiḥ sūcanārthasya cūlikā) S. D. 31; e. g. in the beginning of the 4th Act of Mv.

4) The crest (?) of a bow; प्रथमं चापमारोप्य चूलिकां बन्धयेत्ततः । स्थानकं तु ततः कृत्वा बाणोपरि करं न्यसेत् (prathamaṃ cāpamāropya cūlikāṃ bandhayettataḥ | sthānakaṃ tu tataḥ kṛtvā bāṇopari karaṃ nyaset) || Dhanur.118.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūlikā (चूलिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The root of an elephant’s ear. 2. The body of a drama, the inferior personages of the drama collectively. 3. The crest of a p acock. n.

(-kaṃ) Flour-cakes fried with ghee. E. cūl to be or make high, affix ṇvul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cūlikā (चूलिका):—[from cūlaka > cūla] a f. (ikā) a cock’s comb, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxiii, 1] (ifc.)

2) [v.s. ...] the root of an elephant’s ear (cūḍikā, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes])

3) [v.s. ...] the top of a column, [Cūlikā-upaniṣad] (cūḍikā [Scholiast or Commentator])

4) [v.s. ...] summit, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a metre (also cūḍikā)

6) [v.s. ...] of several additional parts of Jain texts

7) [v.s. ...] the hinting of a matter or event by those behind the curtain, [Daśarūpa i, 58 and 61; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Pratāparudrīya]

8) Cūlika (चूलिक):—[from cūla] m. [plural] See cūcupa

9) [v.s. ...] n. cake of flour fried with ghee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Cūlikā (चूलिका):—[from cūlika > cūla] b f. See laka.

11) [v.s. ...] c f. of laka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūlika (चूलिक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Flour cakes fried with ghee. () f. Root of an elephant’s ear; body of a drama.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Cūlika (चूलिक):—(von cūlā = cūḍā)

1) m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6, 3297.] —

2) f. ā a) Hahnenkamm: kukkuṭastvṛjucūlikaḥ [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 62, 1.] — b) Ohrwurzel des Elephanten [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 6.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1225.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 42.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 89.] — c) ein best. Metrum [Colebrooke II, 155 (4, 3). 88,] [Nalopākhyāna] Vgl. cūḍikā . — d) ein best. Theil im Drama (nāṭakasyāṅge) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] the body of a drama, the inferior personages of the drama collectively [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] cūlikāpaiśācī f. Bez. eines best. Dialects im Drama [COLEBR. Misc. II, 67.] [Griechischen und Indoskythischen Könige, Institt. linguae pr. 10. 11. 26.] — e) Titel einer Schrift bei den Jaina; bildet einen der 5 Theile des Dṛṣṭivāda [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 246.] —

3) n. Waizenmehl in Butter geröstet [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Cūlika (चूलिक):—

2) d) lies in der Dramatik Ankündigung einer Sache oder eines Ereignisses durch eine Stimme hinter dem Vorhange [DAŚAR.1,52. 55.] [Sāhityadarpana 310.] [PRATĀPAR. 22,b,7.] cūlikāpaiśācī hätte besonders aufgeführt werden müssen; cūlikāpaiśācika [Oxforder Handschriften 180,a,40.] — f) ein best. Metrum [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 320. fg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Cūlika (चूलिक):——

1) m. Pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes. cūcupa v.l. —

2) *n. Weizenmehl in Butter geröstet.cūlikā s.u. cūlaka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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