Cula, Cūla, Cūḷā, Cūḷa: 17 definitions


Cula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Cūḷā and Cūḷa can be transliterated into English as Cula or Culia, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chula.

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In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Cūla (चूल) (Cf. Śikha) refers to the “tail” of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Generally, if the luminous body or comet be small, clear, glossy, straight, transient, white and visible either immediately after their appearance or some time afterwards, there will be health and happiness in the land. If it be the opposite of these, or of the shape of the rainbow or with two or three tails [i.e., cūlaviśeṣataḥ dvitricūlo vā], mankind will not be happy”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Cūla (சூல) [=cūlam?] or simply Sula refers to one of the Siddhars (Siddhas) and Rishis mentioned by Rangarasa Desiga Swamigal in his Siddhargal Potri Thoguppu. Each name in the list starts with prefix ‘Om’ followed by the Siddhar’s names and ends with refrain ‘Thiruvadigal Potri’. For example for Cūla: ஓம் சூலமுனிவர் திருவடிகள் போற்றி [ōm cūlamuṉivar tiruvaṭikaḷ pōṟṟi].—These Siddhas experienced union with the ultimate reality and witnessed a spiritual transformation of their intellectual, mental, vital and ultimately, physical bodies.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cūḻā.—(IA 11), tresses; cf. cūdā. Note: cūḻā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cūla : (adj.) small; minor. || cūḷā (f.) crest; a lock of hair left on the crown of the head; cockscomb.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cūḷā, (f.) (Vedic cūḍā. to cūḍa)=cūḷa, usually in sense of crest only, esp. denoting the lock of hair left on the crown of the head when the rest of the head is shaved (cp. Anglo-Indian chuḍā & Gujarāti choṭali) J.I, 64, 462; V, 153, 249 (pañcacūḷā kumārā); DhA.I, 294; as mark of distinction of a king J.III, 211; V, 187; of a servant J.VI, 135.—a cock’s comb J.II, 410; III, 265.

— or —

Cūḷa, (Sk. cūḍa & cūlikā) 1. swelling, protuberance; root, knot, crest. As kaṇṇa-cūḷa the root of an elephant’s ear J.VI, 488. aḍḍha-cūḷa a measure (see aḍḍha). See also cūlikā.—2. (adj.) see culla. (Page 271)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

culā (चुला).—m culāṇa n cullā m (culli S) A large fireplace or cooking stove; a stove without a hob.

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cūla (चूल).—f (cūllī S) A fireplace; a semicircular erection of earth, to contain the fire in its cavity and support the cooking vessel on its rim. culīcēṃ lākūḍa culīntaca jaḷēla Firewood must come at last to the fireplace. culīcēṃ lākūḍa culīntaca jaḷāvēṃ or culīnta barēṃ Every thing should be used or disposed of in its own place. culīnta jāṇēṃ To go to pot (to be destroyed, spoiled, or lost). culīṃ- tūna nighūna vailānta paḍaṇēṃ To fall out of the frying pan into the fire. culīmadhyēṃ māñjarēṃ vyālīṃ āhēta Expresses extreme desolation or hard poverty. culīlā virajaṇa paḍaṇēṃ To be extinguished--the fire of the fireplace.

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cūḷa (चूळ).—m f (culaka S) The palm of the hand as hollowed to contain a liquid.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cūla (चूल).—f A fireplace. culīta khāṇēṃ Go to pot or to be destroyed.culīntūna nighūna vailānta paḍaṇēṃ To fall out of the frying pan into the fire. culīmadhyēṃ māñjarē vyālīṃ āhēta There is extreme desolution or poverty.

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cūḷa (चूळ).—m f The palm of the hand as hollowed to contain a liquid.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cūla (चूल).—Hair.

-lā 1 An upper room.

2) A crest.

3) The crest of a comet; cf. चूडा (cūḍā).

Derivable forms: cūlaḥ (चूलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūlā (चूला).—f.

(-lā) 1. An upper room, a room on the top of a house. 2. A crest. E. cūl to rise, affixes aṅ and ṭāp: see cūḍā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cula (चुल):—[from cul] [gana] 1. balādi (vula, [Kāśikā-vṛtti])

2) Cūla (चूल):—m. (= cūḍa), Name of a man, [Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad vi, 3, 9]

3) Cūlā (चूला):—[from cūla] f. the nucleus of a comet, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xi, 9 and 21] (ifc.)

4) [v.s. ...] the tonsure ceremony, [Raghuvaṃśa iii, 28] (ifc.; caula, S)

5) [v.s. ...] a top-room of a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] cf. uc-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cūlā (चूला):—(lā) 1. f. Upper room; crest.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Cula (चुल) [Also spelled chul]:—(nf) titillation, prurience; wantonness; sexual passion; —[uṭhanā] to have a titillating sensation, to be passionate, to have a sex urge; —[miṭānā] to satisfy one’s passion or sexual urge.

2) Cūla (चूल) [Also spelled chul]:—(nf) tenon; pivot; mortise; joint; ~[dāra] pivoted, tenoned; —[baiṭhanā] to fit in; —[se cūla milanā] to have complete adjustment, to have a harmonious relationship; [cūleṃ ḍhīlī honā] lit. the joints to become loose or dislocated; to be tired out, to be wearied, to be exhausted.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Cūlā (चूला) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cūḍā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cūla (ಚೂಲ):—

1) [noun] a bunch of hairs (on the head).

2) [noun] the natural tuft on the top of the head of a peacock or the comb of a rooster.

3) [noun] the top of anything; summit; ridge.

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Cūḷa (ಚೂಳ):—[noun] = ಚೂಲ [cula].

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Cūḻa (ಚೂೞ):—[noun] = ಚೂಲ [cula].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Cūla (चूल):—n. 1. hair; 2. top-knot of hair; 3. pointed axle-arm; 4. pivot;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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