Cula, Cūla, Cūḷā, Cūḷa: 15 definitions
Cula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Cūḷā and Cūḷa can be transliterated into English as Cula or Culia, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Chula.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Cūla (चूल) (Cf. Śikha) refers to the “tail” of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Generally, if the luminous body or comet be small, clear, glossy, straight, transient, white and visible either immediately after their appearance or some time afterwards, there will be health and happiness in the land. If it be the opposite of these, or of the shape of the rainbow or with two or three tails [i.e., cūla—viśeṣataḥ dvitricūlo vā], mankind will not be happy”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
India history and geography
Cūḻā.—(IA 11), tresses; cf. cūdā. Note: cūḻā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
cūla : (adj.) small; minor. || cūḷā (f.) crest; a lock of hair left on the crown of the head; cockscomb.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Cūḷā, (f.) (Vedic cūḍā. to cūḍa)=cūḷa, usually in sense of crest only, esp. denoting the lock of hair left on the crown of the head when the rest of the head is shaved (cp. Anglo-Indian chuḍā & Gujarāti choṭali) J.I, 64, 462; V, 153, 249 (pañcacūḷā kumārā); DhA.I, 294; as mark of distinction of a king J.III, 211; V, 187; of a servant J.VI, 135.—a cock’s comb J.II, 410; III, 265.
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Cūḷa, (Sk. cūḍa & cūlikā) 1. swelling, protuberance; root, knot, crest. As kaṇṇa-cūḷa the root of an elephant’s ear J.VI, 488. aḍḍha-cūḷa a measure (see aḍḍha). See also cūlikā.—2. (adj.) see culla. (Page 271)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
culā (चुला).—m culāṇa n cullā m (culli S) A large fireplace or cooking stove; a stove without a hob.
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cūla (चूल).—f (cūllī S) A fireplace; a semicircular erection of earth, to contain the fire in its cavity and support the cooking vessel on its rim. culīcēṃ lākūḍa culīntaca jaḷēla Firewood must come at last to the fireplace. culīcēṃ lākūḍa culīntaca jaḷāvēṃ or culīnta barēṃ Every thing should be used or disposed of in its own place. culīnta jāṇēṃ To go to pot (to be destroyed, spoiled, or lost). culīṃ- tūna nighūna vailānta paḍaṇēṃ To fall out of the frying pan into the fire. culīmadhyēṃ māñjarēṃ vyālīṃ āhēta Expresses extreme desolation or hard poverty. culīlā virajaṇa paḍaṇēṃ To be extinguished--the fire of the fireplace.
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cūḷa (चूळ).—m f (culaka S) The palm of the hand as hollowed to contain a liquid.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
cūla (चूल).—f A fireplace. culīta khāṇēṃ Go to pot or to be destroyed.culīntūna nighūna vailānta paḍaṇēṃ To fall out of the frying pan into the fire. culīmadhyēṃ māñjarē vyālīṃ āhēta There is extreme desolution or poverty.
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cūḷa (चूळ).—m f The palm of the hand as hollowed to contain a liquid.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
-lā 1 An upper room.
2) A crest.
3) The crest of a comet; cf. चूडा (cūḍā).
Derivable forms: cūlaḥ (चूलः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-lā) 1. An upper room, a room on the top of a house. 2. A crest. E. cūl to rise, affixes aṅ and ṭāp: see cūḍā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Cula (चुल):—[from cul] [gana] 1. balādi (vula, [Kāśikā-vṛtti])
2) Cūla (चूल):—m. (= cūḍa), Name of a man, [Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad vi, 3, 9]
3) Cūlā (चूला):—[from cūla] f. the nucleus of a comet, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xi, 9 and 21] (ifc.)
4) [v.s. ...] the tonsure ceremony, [Raghuvaṃśa iii, 28] (ifc.; caula, S)
5) [v.s. ...] a top-room of a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] cf. uc-.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cūlā (चूला):—(lā) 1. f. Upper room; crest.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Cula (चुल) [Also spelled chul]:—(nf) titillation, prurience; wantonness; sexual passion; —[uṭhanā] to have a titillating sensation, to be passionate, to have a sex urge; —[miṭānā] to satisfy one’s passion or sexual urge.
2) Cūla (चूल) [Also spelled chul]:—(nf) tenon; pivot; mortise; joint; ~[dāra] pivoted, tenoned; —[baiṭhanā] to fit in; —[se cūla milanā] to have complete adjustment, to have a harmonious relationship; [cūleṃ ḍhīlī honā] lit. the joints to become loose or dislocated; to be tired out, to be wearied, to be exhausted.
Cūlā (चूला) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cūḍā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] a bunch of hairs (on the head).
2) [noun] the natural tuft on the top of the head of a peacock or the comb of a rooster.
3) [noun] the top of anything; summit; ridge.
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Cūḷa (ಚೂಳ):—[noun] = ಚೂಲ [cula].
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Cūḻa (ಚೂೞ):—[noun] = ಚೂಲ [cula].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+119): Cula Assapura Sutta, Cula Buddhaghosa, Cula Cunda, Cula Dhammasamadana Sutta, Cula Dukkhakkhandha Sutta, Cula Ekasataka, Cula Ganthipada, Cula Gavaccha, Cula Gopalaka Sutta, Cula Gosinga Sutta, Cula Jali, Cula Janaka Jataka, Cula Kala, Cula Kammavibhanga Sutta, Cula Magandiya, Cula Malunkya Sutta, Cula Moggallana, Cula Nidana Sutta, Cula Rahulovada Sutta, Cula Saccaka Sutta.
Ends with (+30): Accula, Achyranthes sicula, Acula, Addhacula, Alstroemeria paupercula, Amulacula, Ancula, Aremuccula, Artemisia arbuscula, Avacula, Avelacula, Cancula, Citracula, Cittacula, Common turricula, Cuccula, Culacula, Culucula, Cuncula, Diptacula.
Full-text (+96): Culaka, Avacula, Cuda, Culika, Caula, Culla, Nicula, Culya, Pushpacula, Kumbhari, Culin, Culana, Nete-cula, Tanhasankhaya Sutta, Rahulovada-sutta, Culikapaishacika, Gavaccha, Saropama Sutta, Culakhanda, Saccaka Sutta.
Search found 25 books and stories containing Cula, Cūla, Cūḷā, Cūḷa, Culā, Cuḻa, Cūḻā, Cūlā, Cūḻa; (plurals include: Culas, Cūlas, Cūḷās, Cūḷas, Culās, Cuḻas, Cūḻās, Cūlās, Cūḻas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 4.6 - (f) Symbology of Trisula (the trident) < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
The Pey, Putam and Paritam (different sorts of Ganas, attendants) < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Nayanar 29: Eyarkon Kalikama (Kalikkama) < [Volume 4.1.1 - A comparative study of the Shaivite saints the Thiruthondathogai]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 5 - Discourses delivered by the Buddha with Reference to Venerable Rāhula < [Chapter 31 - The Monk Sudinna, the Son of the Kalanda Merchant]
(3) Third Pāramī: The Perfection of Renunciation (nekkhamma-pāramī) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
Part 2 - Establishment of Rāhula in Arahatship through the Cūla-Rāhulovāda Sutta < [Chapter 32b - The Buddha’s Fourteenth Vassa at Savatthi]
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Part 11 - Niddesa Pali < [Chapter VIII - Khuddaka Nikaya]
Part 5 - Suttampata Pali < [Chapter VIII - Khuddaka Nikaya]
Part IV - Mahayamaka Vagga < [(a) Mulapannasa Pali]
The Life of Sariputta (by Nyanaponika Thera)
Part V - Sariputta In The Jatakas
The Helper < [Part II - Maturity Of Insight]
The Turner Of The Wheel < [Part II - Maturity Of Insight]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 52: Cūḷa-Janaka-jātaka < [Book I - Ekanipāta]
Jataka 222: Cūla-Nandiya-jātaka < [Book II - Dukanipāta]
Jataka 528: Mahābodhi-jātaka < [Volume 5]
Amaravati Art in the Context of Andhra Archaeology (by Sreyashi Ray chowdhuri)
Epigraphs from Amarāvatī (j) The Stūpa site < [Chapter 4 - Survival of Amarāvatī in the Context of Andhra Art]