Codana, Codanā: 19 definitions
Codana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chodana.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)
Codana (चोदन) refers to “injunctions (involving the rites of passage)”, according to Somānanda’s Śivadṛṣṭi verse 3.42cd–47.—Accordingly, “[...] But, if you say (in reply) that injunctions involving the rites of passage (saṃskāra-codana) for fire are explained in the (Śaiva) teachings, (we reply:) what is the goal of the (ritual) action (in question)? It is the action itself. There is no division of its [i.e., the fire’s] nature, here. It is the same for his [i.e., Śiva’s] abiding there [in the world]: that [i.e., the distinguishing of ‘pure’ from ‘impure’ elements in the world, or the distinction of that which is said to be Śiva and that which is said not to be] is conceived of merely as the assignation of names for the purpose of everyday speech/everyday activity”.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Codanā (चोदना) refers to “injunctions”, according to Tantrālokaviveka commentary on the Tantrāloka verses 4.230ab-232ab.—Accordingly, “[...] So, if you properly consider the procedure of invalidation, then (you will realize that) no injunction (codanā) whatever loses reality. To explain: the rule that is the exception—by nature specific because it is (generally) void of any occasion (for application)—supersedes the general rule, which, being one that always has met with its occasion (for application), is by nature generally applicable. This is what those who know language say:—[‘Moreover, purity and impurity, which are generally enjoined, are simply superseded when a man knows reality. This is how it has been explained here (in the Mālinīvijayottara)’]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Codana (चोदन) refers to “(wicked) objections” [?], according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (8). The Buddha has no loss of exertion.—He has no loss of exertion.—[...] Moreover, in order to save beings, the Buddha gives up the happiness of his very deep concentration (gambhīrasamādhi) and he saves beings by means of all kinds of bodies (kāya), by all kinds of voices (vāc), by all kinds of means (upāya). Sometimes he borrows dangerous paths; sometimes he eats bad food; sometimes he suffers cold and heat (śītoṣṇa); sometimes he encounters wicked objections (codana—mithyācodana), harmful words (pāruṣyavāda) and curses. He endures them patiently without disgust. Although he has mastery (vaśita) over all dharmas, the Buddha accomplishes these things without producing laziness (kausīdya)”.Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
1) Codana (चोदन) [=Codanatā?] refers to “investigating (the faults of others)” [?], according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, they [the twenty-four types of pratibhāna—‘eloquence’] are accomplished by means of the following twenty-four preparations (parikarma). What are the twenty-four? [...] (21) he becomes one who has faultless eloquence by not investigating the faults of others, by not blaming the faults of others (parāpatti-acodanatā), and by not examining faults; [...]”.
2) Codana (चोदन) refers to an “accusation”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (225) They will employ killers and act within such way of behavior, but they will say ‘We do not do it at all’. (226) ‘We are ascetics [only in name], but do not have the qualities of ascetics’. Hearing the true accusation (codana), they will reject this Sūtra. [...]’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
codanā : (f.) reproof; accusation; plaint.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Codanā, (f.) (see codeti) reproof, exhortation D.I, 230; III, 218; A.III, 352; Vin.V, 158, 159; Vism.276.—As ttg. in codan’atthe nipāto an exhortative particle J.VI, 211 (for iṅgha); VvA.237 (id.); PvA.88 v. l. (for handa). (Page 273)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Codana (चोदन).—a. [cud-bhāve lyuṭ] Driving, impelling.
-nam 1 The act of driving.
3) Order, rule, precept.
--- OR ---
1) Sending, directing, throwing.
2) Urging or driving onward; ज्ञानं ज्ञेयं परिज्ञाता त्रिविधा कर्मचोदना (jñānaṃ jñeyaṃ parijñātā trividhā karmacodanā) Bg.
3) Prompting, inciting, encouraging, inspiration.
4) A precept, sacred commandment, scriptural injunction.
5) The category called अपूर्व (apūrva) (in pūrvamīmāṃsā); चोदनेत्यपूर्वं बूमः (codanetyapūrvaṃ būmaḥ) ŚB. on MS.7.1.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Codanā (चोदना).—(to next, q.v.; = Pali id.), accusation, reproof: bhūtāṃ codana saṃśrutya Śikṣāsamuccaya 47.4, hearing the true [Page234-b+ 33] accusation, and °nāṃ bhūtataḥ śrutvā 47.6 (both verses); mamaivārthaṃ codanā kriyate Divyāvadāna 4.4 (prose); -acodana- tā, state of not accusing (refernce lost).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-nā) 1. A precept, a sacred ordinance or commandment. 2. Sending, commanding, directing, &c. 3. Enjoining, ordaining. 4. Casting, throwing. E. cud to command, &c. affixes yuc and ṭāp.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Codana (चोदन).—i. e. cud + ana, n. and f. nā. 1. Inciting, invitation, Mahābhārata 13, 41; [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 18. 2. Command, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 35.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Codana (चोदन).—[adjective] = [preceding]; [feminine] ā & [neuter] impulse, summons, precept.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Codana (चोदन):—[from cud] mfn. impelling, [Atharva-veda vii, 116, 1] (cf. ṛṣi-, eka-, kīri-, brahma-, radhra-cod)
2) [v.s. ...] fn. impelling, invitation, direction, rule, precept, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxix, 7; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Lāṭyāyana; Manu-smṛti ii, etc.]
3) Codanā (चोदना):—[from codana > cud] f. reproof (as in Pāli), [Divyāvadāna i, 54]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Codanā (चोदना):—(nā) 1. f. Precept; a sending.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Codanā (चोदना) [Also spelled chodana]:—(v) to copulate(with), (for a man) to have sexual intercourse.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Codaṇā (चोदणा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Codanā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Cōdana (ಚೋದನ):—[noun] = ಚೋದನೆ [codane].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+4): Acodana, Brahmacodana, Cacodana, Ekacodana, Juhoticodana, Karmacodana, Karmmacodana, Kiricodana, Meghasamcodana, Mithyacodana, Nicodana, Nirvanasamcodana, Paricodana, Paticodana, Pracodana, Praticodana, Radhracodana, Rishicodana, Samacodana, Samcodana.
Full-text (+12): Codanaguda, Shruticodana, Karmacodana, Pracodana, Kiricodana, Samcodana, Ekacodana, Codas, Radhracoda, Tulyacodana, Coyana, Radhracodana, Conaa, Brahmacodana, Juhoticodana, Samacodana, Rishicodana, Pracodani, Abhyanujna, Karmmacodana.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Codana, Codanā, Codaṇā, Cōdaṇā, Cōdana; (plurals include: Codanas, Codanās, Codaṇās, Cōdaṇās, Cōdanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Gita’s Ethics (A Critical Study) (by Arpita Chakraborty)
1. Origin of Indian Ethics < [Chapter 1 - Indian Ethics]
1. Introduction (The Nature of Dharma) < [Chapter 3 - Constituents of Moral Action: Dharma]
Mimamsa interpretation of Vedic Injunctions (Vidhi) (by Shreebas Debnath)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 18.18 < [Chapter 18 - Mokṣa-yoga (the Yoga of Liberation)]
Verse 3.12 < [Chapter 3 - Karma-yoga (Yoga through the Path of Action)]
Verse 17.10 < [Chapter 17 - Śraddhā-traya-vibhāga-yoga]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
III. The four fearlessnesses (vaiśāradya) of the Bodhisattva < [Part 2 - The ten powers and the four fearlessnesses according to the Mahāyāna]
Bodhisattva quality 11: having obtained the fearlessnesses < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2811 < [Chapter 25 - Examination of the Doctrine of ‘Self-sufficient Validity’]
Verse 69 < [Chapter 2 - Examination of the Doctrine of God (theism)]
Verse 2812-2813 < [Chapter 25 - Examination of the Doctrine of ‘Self-sufficient Validity’]
Rivers in Ancient India (study) (by Archana Sarma)