Codana, Codanā: 19 definitions


Codana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chodana.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Codana (चोदन) refers to “injunctions (involving the rites of passage)”, according to Somānanda’s Śivadṛṣṭi verse 3.42cd–47.—Accordingly, “[...] But, if you say (in reply) that injunctions involving the rites of passage (saṃskāra-codana) for fire are explained in the (Śaiva) teachings, (we reply:) what is the goal of the (ritual) action (in question)? It is the action itself. There is no division of its [i.e., the fire’s] nature, here. It is the same for his [i.e., Śiva’s] abiding there [in the world]: that [i.e., the distinguishing of ‘pure’ from ‘impure’ elements in the world, or the distinction of that which is said to be Śiva and that which is said not to be] is conceived of merely as the assignation of names for the purpose of everyday speech/everyday activity”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Codanā (चोदना) refers to “injunctions”, according to Tantrālokaviveka commentary on the Tantrāloka verses 4.230ab-232ab.—Accordingly, “[...] So, if you properly consider the procedure of invalidation, then (you will realize that) no injunction (codanā) whatever loses reality. To explain: the rule that is the exception—by nature specific because it is (generally) void of any occasion (for application)—supersedes the general rule, which, being one that always has met with its occasion (for application), is by nature generally applicable. This is what those who know language say:—[‘Moreover, purity and impurity, which are generally enjoined, are simply superseded when a man knows reality. This is how it has been explained here (in the Mālinīvijayottara)’]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Codana (चोदन) refers to “(wicked) objections” [?], according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (8). The Buddha has no loss of exertion.—He has no loss of exertion.—[...] Moreover, in order to save beings, the Buddha gives up the happiness of his very deep concentration (gambhīrasamādhi) and he saves beings by means of all kinds of bodies (kāya), by all kinds of voices (vāc), by all kinds of means (upāya). Sometimes he borrows dangerous paths; sometimes he eats bad food; sometimes he suffers cold and heat (śītoṣṇa); sometimes he encounters wicked objections (codanamithyācodana), harmful words (pāruṣyavāda) and curses. He endures them patiently without disgust. Although he has mastery (vaśita) over all dharmas, the Buddha accomplishes these things without producing laziness (kausīdya)”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Codana (चोदन) [=Codanatā?] refers to “investigating (the faults of others)” [?], according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, they [the twenty-four types of pratibhāna—‘eloquence’] are accomplished by means of the following twenty-four preparations (parikarma). What are the twenty-four? [...] (21) he becomes one who has faultless eloquence by not investigating the faults of others, by not blaming the faults of others (parāpatti-acodanatā), and by not examining faults; [...]”.

2) Codana (चोदन) refers to an “accusation”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (225) They will employ killers and act within such way of behavior, but they will say ‘We do not do it at all’. (226) ‘We are ascetics [only in name], but do not have the qualities of ascetics’. Hearing the true accusation (codana), they will reject this Sūtra. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

codanā : (f.) reproof; accusation; plaint.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Codanā, (f.) (see codeti) reproof, exhortation D.I, 230; III, 218; A.III, 352; Vin.V, 158, 159; Vism.276.—As ttg. in codan’atthe nipāto an exhortative particle J.VI, 211 (for iṅgha); VvA.237 (id.); PvA.88 v. l. (for handa). (Page 273)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Codana (चोदन).—a. [cud-bhāve lyuṭ] Driving, impelling.

-nam 1 The act of driving.

2) Invitation.

3) Order, rule, precept.

--- OR ---

Codanā (चोदना).—

1) Sending, directing, throwing.

2) Urging or driving onward; ज्ञानं ज्ञेयं परिज्ञाता त्रिविधा कर्मचोदना (jñānaṃ jñeyaṃ parijñātā trividhā karmacodanā) Bg.

3) Prompting, inciting, encouraging, inspiration.

4) A precept, sacred commandment, scriptural injunction.

5) The category called अपूर्व (apūrva) (in pūrvamīmāṃsā); चोदनेत्यपूर्वं बूमः (codanetyapūrvaṃ būmaḥ) ŚB. on MS.7.1.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Codanā (चोदना).—(to next, q.v.; = Pali id.), accusation, reproof: bhūtāṃ codana saṃśrutya Śikṣāsamuccaya 47.4, hearing the true [Page234-b+ 33] accusation, and °nāṃ bhūtataḥ śrutvā 47.6 (both verses); mamaivārthaṃ codanā kriyate Divyāvadāna 4.4 (prose); -acodana- tā, state of not accusing (refernce lost).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Codanā (चोदना).—f.

(-nā) 1. A precept, a sacred ordinance or commandment. 2. Sending, commanding, directing, &c. 3. Enjoining, ordaining. 4. Casting, throwing. E. cud to command, &c. affixes yuc and ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Codana (चोदन).—i. e. cud + ana, n. and f. . 1. Inciting, invitation, Mahābhārata 13, 41; [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 18. 2. Command, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Codana (चोदन).—[adjective] = [preceding]; [feminine] ā & [neuter] impulse, summons, precept.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Codana (चोदन):—[from cud] mfn. impelling, [Atharva-veda vii, 116, 1] (cf. ṛṣi-, eka-, kīri-, brahma-, radhra-cod)

2) [v.s. ...] fn. impelling, invitation, direction, rule, precept, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxix, 7; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Lāṭyāyana; Manu-smṛti ii, etc.]

3) Codanā (चोदना):—[from codana > cud] f. reproof (as in Pāli), [Divyāvadāna i, 54]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Codanā (चोदना):—(nā) 1. f. Precept; a sending.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Codana (चोदन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Coṇaa, Codaṇā, Coyaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Codana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Codanā (चोदना) [Also spelled chodana]:—(v) to copulate(with), (for a man) to have sexual intercourse.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Codaṇā (चोदणा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Codanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cōdana (ಚೋದನ):—[noun] = ಚೋದನೆ [codane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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