Cittaraja, Cittarāja: 2 definitions

Introduction

Cittaraja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chittaraja.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Cittaraja - A Yakkha. It was the custom for ancient kings at the time of the Kattika Festival to deck themselves in great array and, standing on the bank of a lake in the presence of Cittaraja, (meaning, probably, in front of his statue) to shoot arrows to the four quarters. J.ii.372.

2. Cittaraja - A Yakkha whom Pandukabhaya honoured by giving him a settlement at the lower end of the Abhaya tank. On festival days the Yakkha occupied a seat beside the king. The Mahavamsa (xi.4, 84, 87, 104) says that Citta raja was an incarnation of the herdsman Citta (7) who saved Panduka bhayas life, but it is more likely that the Cittaraja mentioned here is identical with Cittaraja (1), and that the festival refers to the Kattika festival.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Cittarāja (चित्तराज) of the Śīlāra line of kings is mentioned in the “Bhāṇḍup plates of Chittarāja (Cittarāja)”.—Accordingly, “From Aparājita was born the elder son named Vajjaḍadeva and then the illustrious brother Kesideva... Next his nephew, the illustrious Cittarāja, became king; the great prince, who, though a child, raised the Śīlāra race to high eminence”.

These plates (mentioning Cittarāja) were found on the land belonging to Mr. Hormusji C. Ashburner at Bhāṇḍup in the island of Bombay. The object of it is to record the grant, by Cittarāja, of a field belonging to Voḍaṇibhaṭṭa in the village of Noura to the Brāhmaṇa Āmadevaiya. The grant is dated on Sunday, the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Kārttika in the Śaka year 948, the cyclic year being Kṣaya, on the occasion of a solar eclipse.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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