Citrini, Citriṇī: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Citrini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitrini.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Citriṇī (चित्रिणी) refers to one of three types of women, according to the Vajraḍākatantra chapter 38.—The text strictly prohibits a Yogin from raping every kind of Dūtīs and insists that the Dūtīs should be perfected by pleaseure (sukha). Having enumerated three types of the women (Citriṇī, Plīvī and Śaṅkhinī), five techniques to please Dūtīs as well as the Yogin himself and to enlarge a Yogin’s gentials are introduced.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Citriṇī (चित्रिणी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Citrin forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Citriṇī] and Vīras are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

2) Citriṇī (चित्रिणी) is also the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Citraka forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jñānacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Citriṇī] and Vīras are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Source: Wisdom Experience: The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism

Citriṇī (चित्रिणी) refers to one of the four classes of Ḍākinīs (Tibetan: rigs-bzhi mkha’-’gro-ma), according to the Guhyagarbhatattvaviniścayamahātantra and its XIVth Century Tibetan Commentary: Phyogs-bcu munsel (pp. 961-7 and n. 14)..—In this context, the term may refer to ḍākinīs of the four peripheral enlightened families, i.e. the Jewel, Lotus, Action, and Buddha or Vajra families; or to ḍākinīs belonging to four of the six classes, i.e. Padminī, Śaṅkhinī, Mṛginī, Hastinī, Varṇinī and Citriṇī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

citriṇī (चित्रिणी).—f S One of the four divisions of womankind, --that endowed with various talents and excellencies.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

citriṇī (चित्रिणी).—f One of the four divisions of womankind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citriṇī (चित्रिणी).—N. for a woman 'endowed with various talents and excellences,' one of the four divisions into which writers on erotic science class women :-पद्मिनी, चित्रिणी, शङ्खिनी (padminī, citriṇī, śaṅkhinī) and हस्तिनी (hastinī) or कारिणी (kāriṇī). The Ratimañjarī thus defines चित्रिणीः (citriṇīḥ) :-भवति रसिरसज्ञा नातिखर्वा न दीर्घा तिल- कुसुमसुनासा स्निग्धनीलोत्पलाक्षी । घनकणिनकुचाढ्या सुन्दरी बद्धशीला सकलगुणविचित्रा चित्रिणी चित्रवक्त्रा (bhavati rasirasajñā nātikharvā na dīrghā tila- kusumasunāsā snigdhanīlotpalākṣī | ghanakaṇinakucāḍhyā sundarī baddhaśīlā sakalaguṇavicitrā citriṇī citravaktrā) || 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Citriṇī (चित्रिणी):—[from citrin > cit] f. [plural] (iṇyas) (the dawns) wearing bright ornaments, [Ṛg-veda iv, 32, 2]

2) [v.s. ...] f. a woman endowed with various talents (one of the four divisions into which women are classed), [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension vi, 1/2]

3) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of certain bricks, [Nyāyamālā-vistara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Citriṇi (ಚಿತ್ರಿಣಿ):—

1) [noun] an intelligent woman.

2) [noun] a woman of one of the four types of women according to erotic science.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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