Citraphala, Citra-phala, Citraphalā: 5 definitions

Introduction

Citraphala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitraphala.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (C) next»] — Citraphala in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Citraphalā (चित्रफला) is another name (synonym) for Vārttākī, which is the Sanskrit word for Solanum melongena (eggplant), a plant from the Solanaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.194-195), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Citraphalā (चित्रफला) is another name for Liṅginī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 3.45-47 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Citraphalā and Liṅginī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Citraphalā (चित्रफला) is also mentioned as a synonym for Kaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant identified with Solanum xanthacarpum, a synonym of Solanum virginianum L. (“surattense nightshade” or “Thai eggplant”) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.30-32. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Citraphalā and Kaṇṭakārī, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Citraphala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citraphala (चित्रफल).—A kind of large flat fish; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: citraphalaḥ (चित्रफलः).

Citraphala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and phala (फल). See also (synonyms): citraphalaka.

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Citraphalā (चित्रफला).—

1) A smaller kind of flat fish.

2) Name of several plants.

Citraphalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and phalā (फला).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Citraphala (चित्रफल).—mf.

(-laḥ-lā) A kind of cucumber, (C. utilatissimus.) m.

(-laḥ) A kind of fish, (Mystus chitala, Ham.) f. (-lā-lī) 1. Egg plant, (Solanum malongena.) 2. Prickly nightshade, (Solanum jacquini.) 3. Gourds of various sorts. 4. A fish, (Mystus karpirat, Ham.) E. citra surprising, and phala fruit. citraṃ phalaṃ phalakamiva ākāro’sti asya-ac . (cital) matsyabhede .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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