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Citralekhā, aka: Citralekha; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Citralekhā means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Citralekhā can be transliterated into English as Citralekha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first five, the eleventh, the twelfth, the fourteenth, the fifteenth, the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu). It is also known by the name Kusumitalatāvellitā.

⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦
⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦¦

Citralekhā falls in the Dhṛti class of chandas (‘rhythm-type’), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

1a) Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा).—A companion of Bāṇa's daughter, Ūṣā; daughter of Kumbhāṇḍa minister to Bāṇa; heard from Ūṣā of her dream about a certain prince, and being an artist drew pictures of gods and men. Ūṣā identified Aniruddha as her lover. Citralekha travelled by air to Dvārakā and carried Aniruddha to Ūṣā's harem at Śoṇitapura unnoticed by any.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 23[9]; 62. 14-23; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 17-30; 33. 5.

1b) An Apsaras in the sabhā of Hiraṇyakaśipu; rescued along with Urvaśī from the Asura Keśin by Purūravas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 161. 75; 24. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ūsa
Uṣā (उषा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the pur...
Aniruddha
1a) Aniruddha (अनिरुद्ध).—One of the four forms of Hari.1 Invoked as a principal divinit...
Vāsudeva
Vāsudeva (वासुदेव).—One of the incarnations of Viṣṇu.—As Vāsudeva, he rescued the people from t...
Sura
Śūra (शूर), a minister of Avantivarman, has a ḍāmara chief decapitated in front of a Bhairava i...
Pradyumna
1a) Pradyumna (प्रद्युम्न).—The eldest son of Kṛṣṇa by Rukminī; in his previous birth the...
Kumbhāṇḍa
1a) Kumbhāṇḍa (कुम्भाण्ड).—A minister of Bāṇa. His daughter Citralekhā, was a companion o...
Apsara
Apsara (अप्सर).—Divine dancers born of Muni and Kaśyapa. Joined Gandharvas in milking the...
Pata
1a) Paṭa (पट).—The painting canvas frame on which portraits were drawn. Citralekhā drew a...
Dvārakā
Dvārakā (द्वारका).—(also Dvāravatī and Kuśasthalī). Capital of Kṛṣṇa, built for him by Re...
Keśin
1a) Keśin (केशिन्).—A son of Vasudeva and Kauśalya; the family of.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX....
Kusumitalatāvellitā
Kusumitalatāvellitā (कुसुमितलतावेल्लिता) is another name for Citralekhā, which refers to a type...

Relevant text

Search found 8 books containing Citralekhā or Citralekha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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