Citragupta, aka: Citra-gupta; 9 Definition(s)
Citragupta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chitragupta.
Katha (narrative stories)
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त) is the name of a deity representing the secretary of the gods, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 72. Accordingly, as the robber Siṃhavikrama reflected: “... if I betake myself to Śiva or Viṣṇu, what value will they attach to me, when they have gods, hermits and others to worship them? So I will worship Citragupta, who alone records the good and evil deeds of men. He may deliver me by his power, for he, being a secretary, does alone the work of Brahmā and Śiva: he writes down or erases in a moment the whole world, which is in his hand”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Citragupta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—A minister of Kāla. (God of death). His duty is to examine, after the death of men, a list of the good and evil actions they had done while living. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 130).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—An Adhidevatā of the planet Ketu; Icon of, near Yama.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 93. 15; 102. 23; 261. 14.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त, “manifold secret”):—The scribe of Yama. He was instructed to write down the accounts of the good and bad deeds of all living beings. Yama, the vedic God of death, represents the embodiment of Dharma. Yama rules over the kingdom of the dead and binds humankind according to the fruits of their karma.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Chitragupta is the accountant of Yama. He keeps track of the deeds, both good and bad, of everyone. When a person dies and is sent to Yama's abode for judgement, Chitragupta's records are the key determinant of what happens to the person, whether he is sent to heaven, or to hell.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Languages of India and abroad
citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—m (S) The registrar of the court of yama; the recorder of the vices and virtues of mankind. 2 fig. An accomplished penman or writer, whether intellectually or manually.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—m The registrar of the court of. yama Fig. An accomplished writer.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—one of the beings in Yama's world recording the vices and virtues of mankind; नामान्येषां लिखामि ध्रुवमहम- धुना चित्रगुप्तः प्रमार्ष्टु (nāmānyeṣāṃ likhāmi dhruvamahama- dhunā citraguptaḥ pramārṣṭu) Mu.1.2.
Derivable forms: citraguptaḥ (चित्रगुप्तः).
Citragupta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and gupta (गुप्त).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ptaḥ) 1. A name of Yama, or rather one of the fourteen Yamas. 2. Yama'S registrar, who records the vices and virtues of mankind. E. citra wonderful, and gupta preserving; or citra writing, and gupta as before.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 12 books and stories containing Citragupta or Citra-gupta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 16 - How to Win Favour of Viṣṇu < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
Chapter 2 - The Importance of Besmearing the Floor of Viṣṇu’s Temple < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
Chapter 6 - Acts Leading to Vaikuṇṭha < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 8 - Description of the Hell (naraka) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 7 - Pathway to Hell and the Emissaries of Yama < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 8 - The greatness of Mahābala < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Vedānta-sūtras Part II (by George Thibaut)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra (by Baudhāyana)