Citragupta, Citra-gupta: 17 definitions
Citragupta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chitragupta.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त) is the name of a deity representing the secretary of the gods, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 72. Accordingly, as the robber Siṃhavikrama reflected: “... if I betake myself to Śiva or Viṣṇu, what value will they attach to me, when they have gods, hermits and others to worship them? So I will worship Citragupta, who alone records the good and evil deeds of men. He may deliver me by his power, for he, being a secretary, does alone the work of Brahmā and Śiva: he writes down or erases in a moment the whole world, which is in his hand”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Citragupta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—A minister of Kāla. (God of death). His duty is to examine, after the death of men, a list of the good and evil actions they had done while living. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 130).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—An Adhidevatā of the planet Ketu; Icon of, near Yama.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 93. 15; 102. 23; 261. 14.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त, “manifold secret”):—The scribe of Yama. He was instructed to write down the accounts of the good and bad deeds of all living beings. Yama, the vedic God of death, represents the embodiment of Dharma. Yama rules over the kingdom of the dead and binds humankind according to the fruits of their karma.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Chitragupta is the accountant of Yama. He keeps track of the deeds, both good and bad, of everyone. When a person dies and is sent to Yama's abode for judgement, Chitragupta's records are the key determinant of what happens to the person, whether he is sent to heaven, or to hell.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Citraguptā (चित्रगुप्ता) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the southern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Citraguptā], living on the southern Rucaka Mountains, came there, impelled by joy like a whip. Having bowed to the Ford of Jinas and his mother and having introduced themselves as before, they stood on the right, singing, with pitchers in their hands. [...].”.
Note: In the continent Rucakadvīpa is a circular mountain-ranges Rucaka. On this in the four directions are 4 temples, and on both sides of each temple are 4 mountain peaks, making 8 peaks in each direction. Each peak is inhabited by a Dikkumārī [viz., Citraguptā].—(cf. ‘Die Kosmographie der Inder’ pp. 257f).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—m (S) The registrar of the court of yama; the recorder of the vices and virtues of mankind. 2 fig. An accomplished penman or writer, whether intellectually or manually.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—m The registrar of the court of. yama Fig. An accomplished writer.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—one of the beings in Yama's world recording the vices and virtues of mankind; नामान्येषां लिखामि ध्रुवमहम- धुना चित्रगुप्तः प्रमार्ष्टु (nāmānyeṣāṃ likhāmi dhruvamahama- dhunā citraguptaḥ pramārṣṭu) Mu.1.2.
Derivable forms: citraguptaḥ (चित्रगुप्तः).
Citragupta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and gupta (गुप्त).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ptaḥ) 1. A name of Yama, or rather one of the fourteen Yamas. 2. Yama'S registrar, who records the vices and virtues of mankind. E. citra wonderful, and gupta preserving; or citra writing, and gupta as before.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त).—[citra-gupta], m. Yama's registrar, who records the vices and virtues of mankind, Mahābhārata 13, 5924.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—on [dharma] Quoted by Raghunandana in Jalāśayotsargatattva and in Maṭhapratiṣṭhāditattva.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त):—[=citra-gupta] [from citra > cit] m. Name of one of Yama’s attendants (recorder of every man’s good and evil deeds), [Mahābhārata xiii; Skanda-purāṇa; Nāradīya-purāṇa; Varāha-purāṇa; Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra iii, 1, 15 [Scholiast or Commentator]; Kathāsaritsāgara lxxii]
2) [v.s. ...] (also candra-g, [Horace H. Wilson])
3) [v.s. ...] a secretary of a man of rank (kind of mixed caste)
4) [v.s. ...] a form of Yama, [Tithyāditya]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of the 16th Arhat of the future Utsarpiṇī, jain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] of an author (?).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Citragupta (चित्रगुप्त):—[citra-gupta] (ptaḥ) 1. m. Yama, god of the dead, or his registrar.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] an attendant of the Death God Yama, who is supposed to keep record of the virtues and vices of every individual, throughout his or her lifetime.
2) [noun] (fig.) a slanderer or sly-informant.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 23 books and stories containing Citragupta, Citra-gupta; (plurals include: Citraguptas, guptas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.23.328 < [Chapter 23 - Wandering about Navadvīpa On the Day the Lord Delivered the Kazi]
Introduction to chapter 14 < [Chapter 14 - Yamarāja’s Saṅkīrtana]
Verse 2.14.11 < [Chapter 14 - Yamarāja’s Saṅkīrtana]
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 24 - The Legend of Dharmadatta < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 142 - Greatness of Citreśvara (Citra-īśvara) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 27 - The Glory of Aṅkapāda (Restoration of Sāndīpani’s Son) < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 106 - The Kalahā Episode < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 2 - The Importance of Besmearing the Floor of Viṣṇu’s Temple < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
Chapter 16 - How to Win Favour of Viṣṇu < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)