Citrabhanu, aka: Citrabhānu, Citra-bhanu; 5 Definition(s)
Citrabhanu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chitrabhanu.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु).—A warrior son of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 90. 33.
1b) A name of the sun; moves in the north of Śākadvīpa in Śravaṇa and Uttarāṣāḍha;1 begged of Kārtavīryārjuna, the seven islands as bhikṣā and burnt them all; father of Varuṇa (Vasiṣṭha) famous as Āpava who cursed the king; the sun-god in the guise of a Brahmana asked for food all the immovable property of the king to which he agreed; Āditya was pleased with him and gave him resplendent and useful arrows; he ate all the eastern parts of the kingdom including the tapovana.2
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 73, 136; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 128.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 38-47; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 39; 95. 3-13.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु) refers to the sixteenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘citrabhanu’ is fond of (wearing) various kinds of clothes and flowers, has a heart or mind which is full of different ambitions, is good natured and is endowed with crafts or arts.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year citrabhanu (2002-2003 AD) will have the energy and the beauty of the lord of the day.Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.
Citrabhānu is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु).—a. of a variegated colour, shining with light; चित्रभानुरुषसां भात्यग्रे (citrabhānuruṣasāṃ bhātyagre) R.7.9.3; प्रपूर्वगौ पूर्वजौ चित्रभानू (prapūrvagau pūrvajau citrabhānū) Mb.1.3.57. (-nuḥ) 1 fire; पुच्छैः शिरोभिश्च भृशं चित्रभानुं प्रपेदिरे (pucchaiḥ śirobhiśca bhṛśaṃ citrabhānuṃ prapedire) Mb.1.53. 5.
2) the sun; (citrabhānurvibhātīti dine ravau rātrau vahnau K. P. 2 given as an instance of one of the modes of añjana).
3) Name of Bhairava.
4) the Arka plant.
6) an epithet of the Aśvins.
7) the first year of the first cycle of Jupiter.
Citrabhānu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and bhānu (भानु).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 8 books and stories containing Citrabhanu, Citrabhānu or Citra-bhanu. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)