Citrabhanu, aka: Citrabhānu, Citra-bhanu; 6 Definition(s)


Citrabhanu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitrabhanu.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Citrabhanu in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

1a) Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु).—A warrior son of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 90. 33.

1b) A name of the sun; moves in the north of Śākadvīpa in Śravaṇa and Uttarāṣāḍha;1 begged of Kārtavīryārjuna, the seven islands as bhikṣā and burnt them all; father of Varuṇa (Vasiṣṭha) famous as Āpava who cursed the king; the sun-god in the guise of a Brahmana asked for food all the immovable property of the king to which he agreed; Āditya was pleased with him and gave him resplendent and useful arrows; he ate all the eastern parts of the kingdom including the tapovana.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 73, 136; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 128.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 38-47; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 39; 95. 3-13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Citrabhanu in Jyotisha glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु) refers to the sixteenth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘citrabhanu’ is fond of (wearing) various kinds of clothes and flowers, has a heart or mind which is full of different ambitions, is good natured and is endowed with crafts or arts.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year citrabhanu (2002-2003 AD) will have the energy and the beauty of the lord of the day.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Citrabhanu in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Citrabhānu is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citrabhanu in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु).—a. of a variegated colour, shining with light; चित्रभानुरुषसां भात्यग्रे (citrabhānuruṣasāṃ bhātyagre) R.7.9.3; प्रपूर्वगौ पूर्वजौ चित्रभानू (prapūrvagau pūrvajau citrabhānū) Mb.1.3.57. (-nuḥ) 1 fire; पुच्छैः शिरोभिश्च भृशं चित्रभानुं प्रपेदिरे (pucchaiḥ śirobhiśca bhṛśaṃ citrabhānuṃ prapedire) Mb.1.53. 5.

2) the sun; (citrabhānurvibhātīti dine ravau rātrau vahnau K. P. 2 given as an instance of one of the modes of añjana).

3) Name of Bhairava.

4) the Arka plant.

5) Śiva.

6) an epithet of the Aśvins.

7) the first year of the first cycle of Jupiter.

Citrabhānu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and bhānu (भानु).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु).—n. of a former Buddha: Mv i.139.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Citrabhānu (चित्रभानु).—m.

(-nuḥ) 1. Fire. 2. The sun. 3. A name of Bhairava, a form of Siva. 4. The marking-nut plant. 5. Gigantic swallow wort. E. citra surprising, and bhānu light. citrāḥ bhānavaḥ yasya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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