Cihna: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Cihna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chihna.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the hasta-prāṇa, or ‘Twelve Lives of the Hands’: Cihna (mark): the various Cihnas are the marks of those things which are evident, and of those unseen, their state ofmovement or rest, and eight others, viz. their form, face, situation, banner, weapons, virtues, range, and habits, as set forth in dance.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Cihna (चिह्न) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Cihna).

2) Cihna (चिह्न) is also the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cihna.—(EI 33), flag; cf. Cihna-dhara (BL), standard-bearer. Note: cihna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cihna (चिह्न).—1 U. (cihnayati-te) To mark, stamp (properly a Denom. from the noun चिह्न (cihna).

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Cihna (चिह्न).—

1) Mark, spot, stamp, symbol; emblem, badge, symptom; ग्रामेषु यूपचिह्नेषु (grāmeṣu yūpacihneṣu) R.1.44;3.55; संनिपातस्य चिह्नानि (saṃnipātasya cihnāni) Pt.1.177.

2) A sign, indication; प्रसादचिह्नानि पुरःफलानि (prasādacihnāni puraḥphalāni) R.2.22; प्रहर्षचिह्न (praharṣacihna) 2.68.

3) A sign of the zodiac.

4) Stamp, print, impression; पद° (pada°).

5) Aim, direction.

Derivable forms: cihnam (चिह्नम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cihna (चिह्न).—Sautra root. 10th cl. (cihnayati-te) To mark, to spot, to stamp. E. cu-ubha-saka-seṭ . sautro'yaṃ dhātuḥ iti kecit .

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Cihna (चिह्न).—n.

(-hnaṃ) 1. A mark of any kind, a spot, stain, sign, symbol, &c. 2. A banner, a standard. 3. A symptom. E. c to pound, affix nak, and the radical vowel changed to i, or cihna to mark, ka aff. or cihna-ac caha-na upadhāyā ittvam vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cihna (चिह्न).— (probably for cikhna, from a reduplicated form of khan by the aff. a), n. 1. A mark of any kind, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 12, 44. 2. Insignia, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 7. 3. An attribute, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 15, 9. 4. A sign, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 193. 5. Caracter, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 32, 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cihna (चिह्न).—[neuter] sign, mark; adj. —° = seq. [participle]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cihna (चिह्न):—n. a mark, spot, stamp, sign, characteristic, symptom, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Raghuvaṃśa ii, 7; Ratnāvalī i, 6/7])

2) a banner, insignia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a zodiacal sign, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā iii, 3]

4) (in [grammar]) aim, direction towards, [Vopadeva v, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cihna (चिह्न):—cihnayati 10. a. To mark.

2) (hnaṃ) 1. n. A mark of any kind; a banner; a symptom.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cihna (चिह्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Iṃdha, Iṇha, Ciṃdha, Ciṇha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cihna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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