Cidrupa, Cidrūpa, Cidrūpā, Cit-rupa: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Cidrupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chidrupa.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप) refers to “one possessed of the form of consciousness” and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to the primordial seed of every one, the Cidrūpa (one possessed of the form of consciousness), the Puruṣa beyond Prakṛti”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Cidrūpā (चिद्रूपा) refers to “one whose nature is consciousness”, according to the commentary on the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “There, above, at the very end of the Wick of Smoke, above the Great Cavity at (a distance that) measures twelve fingers, is the Supreme Energy whose nature is consciousness [i.e., cidrūpā]. Supreme Śiva is above that (energy). The Transmission (krama) has come forth there from that Śiva”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: Religious Inclusivism in the Writings of an Early Modern Sanskrit Intellectual (Shaivism)

Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप) or Cidrūpatvā refers to the “nature of consciousness”, according to the Pauṣkarāgama, which is said to be a subsidiary (upabheda) of the Pārameśvara, itself one of the 28 tantras or āgamas recognized as authoritative by Śaivas.—One of the key passages examined by Appaya (ad Brahmamīmāṃsābhāṣya 2.2.38) is from the Pauṣkarāgama Vidyāpāda 4-5: “Just like Śiva, [His] śakti is not a material cause for it has the nature of consciousness [i.e., cidrūpa-tva]. Transformation is taught [to be possible] for what is insentient; it is not possible for what has the nature of consciousness”.—(Cf. Kiraṇatantra 2.26)

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: OAPEN: Adaptive Reuse: Aspects of Creativity in South Asian Cultural History

Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप) refers to the “form of consciousness”, according to Utpala Vaiṣṇava’s commentary (called Spandapradīpikā) on the Spandakārikā by Vasugupta.—Accordingly, “And moreover, [it is said] in the Saṅkarṣaṇasūtras: ‘The form of consciousness (cidrūpa), which is installed in itself alone, and is prepared through presence and absence, is perceivable through self-awareness, and its sphere of knowledge lies beyond nature. This source of the mantras is recollected, o sage, to consist of cognition. These mantras, which appear externally and internally in the form of phonemes rest on the undivided level. Like the [sense] organs of the embodied beings, when they are employed, [the mantras] are successful at all times because of the connection with vigour”.

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Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप) refers to the “forms of consciousness”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “In reality, there is no unity of the forms of matter and consciousness (cidrūpaaciccidrūpayor) with regard to mundane bondage and the connection of these two is without a beginning like gold and a flaw in gold. In this world, the body which is material, absolutely immobile [and] without that which is conscious, becomes confused, through ignorance, with that which is conscious, formless and mobile”.

Synonyms: Jñānasvarūpa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cidrūpa (चिद्रूप).—a S (Of whom Mind is the gem; Pure intelligence; delighting in knowledge, "dwelling in light" &c.) Epithets of God.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप).—a.

1) consisting of intelligence.

2) wise, intelligent, of a liberal mind.

3) amiable, good-hearted.

-pam pure intelligence, the Supreme Being.

Cidrūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cit and rūpa (रूप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) 1. Amiable, good-hearted. 2. Wise, intelligent, of liberal or expansive mind. n.

(-paṃ) The Supreme Being, as indentifiable with intellect or understanding. E. cit mind, and rūpa form. cideva rupamasya . ātmasphūrttimatiu hṛdayālau ca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप):—[=cid-rūpa] [from cid > cit] mfn. ([Vopadeva ii, 37]) = cin-maya, [Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana vi, 50; Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad] (-tva n. abstr.), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] wise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] n. the Universal Spirit as identified with pure thought, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cidrūpa (चिद्रूप):—[cidrū-pa] (paḥ-pā-paṃ) a. Amiable, wise, intelligent. n. The supreme Being.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cidrupa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cidrūpa (ಚಿದ್ರೂಪ):—

1) [noun] a man showing friendly feelings.

2) [noun] the pure Consciousness.

3) [noun] the Supreme.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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