Churika, Chūrikā, Chūrika, Churikā: 12 definitions


Churika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhurika.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Churikā (छुरिका) refers to a weapon (“knife”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Chūrikā (छूरिका) refers to a “short sword” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, chūrikā]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Churika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

chūrika : (f.) a dagger.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Churikā, (f.) (Sk. kṣurikā to kṣura see khura, cp. chārikā› khara) a knife, a dagger, kreese Th.2, 302; J.III, 370; Miln.339; cp. Miln.trsln. II.227; ThA.227; DhA.III, 19. Churita: see vi°. (Page 276)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Churikā (छुरिका).—A knitbe; तान् दृष्ट्वा नृपतिः कोपादकृष्टछुरिकोऽथ सः (tān dṛṣṭvā nṛpatiḥ kopādakṛṣṭachuriko'tha saḥ) Ks.12.21.

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Chūrikā (छूरिका).—A knife.

See also (synonyms): churī.

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Chūrikā (छूरिका).—f. A barren cow; गोषु ब्राह्मणसंस्थासु छूरिकायाश्च भेदने (goṣu brāhmaṇasaṃsthāsu chūrikāyāśca bhedane) Ms.8.325.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Churikā (छुरिका).—f.

(-kā) A knife. E. chur to cut, kvun affix, and the fem form; also with ka and ṅīṣ affixes, churī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Churikā (छुरिका).— (a form of kṣurikā), f. A knife, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 12, 21.

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Chūrikā (छूरिका).—f. The nostril, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 325.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Churikā (छुरिका).—[feminine] knife.

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Chūrikā (छूरिका).—[feminine] the same, a cow’s mouth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Churikā (छुरिका):—f. ([from] kṣur) a knife, [Kathāsaritsāgara xii, xxv; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā [Introduction] 30/31 iv, 26/27 f.]

2) Beta bengalensis, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 9, 16.]

3) Chūrikā (छूरिका):—[from churikā] f. a knife, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 9, 97]

4) [v.s. ...] a cow’s nostril, [Manu-smṛti viii, 325.] cf. sthūrikā, p. 1265

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Churikā (छुरिका):—(kā) 1. f. A knife.

2) Chūrikā (छूरिका):—(kā) 1. f. A barren cow.

[Sanskrit to German]

Churika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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