Chavi, Chāvī: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Chavi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhavi.

Ambiguity: Although Chavi has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the word Cavi. It further has the optional forms Chavī.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Chavi (छवि) refers to “brilliance” and is used to describe Goddess Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.3.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] you are sleep in all living beings; you are hunger, satiety, thirst, splendour, brilliance (i.e., chavi) and contentment. You are the delighter of every one for ever. To those who perform meritorious actions you are the goddess of fortune. To the sinners you are the eldest sister, the deity of Ignominy; you are peace for the universe, and the mother sustaining lives”.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Chāvī (छावी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.23). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Chāvī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Chavi (छवि) (or Varṇa) refers to a “color”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If in Śiśira (February, March) the sun be of copper colour [i.e., chavi] or red black, if, in Vasanta (April, May), blue crimson, if, in Grīṣma (June, July), slightly white and of gold color [i.e., varṇa], if, in Varṣā (August, September), white, if, in Śarada (October, November), of the colour of the centre of the lotus, if, in Hemanta (December, January), of blood color, mankind will be happy. If, in Varṣā (August, September), the rays of the sun be soft, mankind will be happy even though the sun should be of any of the colors mentioned above”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Chavi (छवि) refers to “lustre”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Then (after that comes the fourth sacred seat [i.e., Kāmarūpa] which) is in the locus of the heart and is surrounded by eight energies, namely Mohā, Āvṛtā, Prakāśyā, Kiraṇā, Rāgavatī, Hṛṣṭā, Puṣṭī, and Krodhā. [...] The venerable Kāmānanda is the emperor in the middle of the Wheel; sustained by the venerable Kāmavatī (the energy of passion) as (his) lordship, in the midst of all the troupes of Yoginīs, (he) generates light with a yellow and red lustre [i.e., pītāruṇa-chavi] like that of (a freshly) cut sapphire. (The seat) is surrounded by the tree, creeper, monastery, gesture and cave. One should know (this), the fourth sacred seat, as emanation by means of the (energy of the deity that) emanates in many ways (the creatures) born of eggs, sweat, seeds and wombs. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Chavi (छवि) refers to the “skin”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, some say that generosity is the cause and condition (hetupratyaya) for obtaining the thirty-two marks. Why is that? [...] As one gives fine garments (vastra), seats (śayanāsana), gold and silver (suvarṇarajata), pearls and jewels (maṇiratna), one obtains the marks consisting of having a golden-colored (suvarṇavarṇa) body and fine skin (sūkṣma-chavi). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Chavi in Tanzania is the name of a plant defined with Tragia brevipes in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Tragia volkensii Pax (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (1894)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1986)
· Pflanzenw. OstAfrikas (1895)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Chavi, for example side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

chavi : (f.) the outer skin; tegument.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Chavi, (f.) (*(s)qeu to cover. Vedic chavi, skuṇāti; cp. Gr. sku_lon; Lat. ob-scurus; Ohg. skūra (Nhg. scheuer); Ags scēo›E. sky also Goth. skōhs›E. shoe) the (outer, thin) skin, tegument S.II, 256; A.IV, 129; Sn.194; J.II, 92. Distinguished from camma, the hide (under-skin, corium) S.II, 238 (see camma); also in combination ch-cammamaṃsa Vism.235; DhA.IV, 56.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

chavi (छवि).—f S Light. 2 Splendor, brilliance, lustre, and, hence, beauty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Chavi (छवि).—f. [chyati asāraṃ chinatti tamo vā cho-vi kicca vā ṅīp; cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 4.56]

1) Hue, colour of the skin, complexion; हिमकरोदयपाण्डुमुखच्छविः (himakarodayapāṇḍumukhacchaviḥ) R.9.38; छविः पाण्डुरा (chaviḥ pāṇḍurā) Ś.3.1; Meghadūta 33; Uttararāmacarita 6.27.

2) Colour in general.

3) Beauty, splendour, brilliance; छविकरं मुखचूर्णमृतुश्रियः (chavikaraṃ mukhacūrṇamṛtuśriyaḥ) R.9.45.

4) Light, lustre.

5) Skin, hide; लोहितार्द्रीकृतच्छविः (lohitārdrīkṛtacchaviḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.149.7.

Derivable forms: chaviḥ (छविः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Chavi (छवि).—(= Sanskrit, Pali id., skin), bark (of a tree): kovi-dārasya chavigandhaḥ Gaṇḍavyūha 501.11 (prose). Acc. to the English of [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary], chavi may have this meaning in AMg.; this is a translation of Hindi chāl, which seems to mean both skin and bark; whether the AMg. word also means bark I do not know.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chavi (छवि).—f.

(-viḥ) 1. Beauty, splendor, brilliance. 2. Light, lustre. E. cho to divide, (darkness, &c.) in affix, and the deriv. irr. or kit ca vā Unadi affix; also with ṅīṣ added chavī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chavi (छवि).— (cf. vb. sku), f. 1. Hide, skin, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 15709. 2. Colour, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 20. 3. Beauty, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 9, 34. 4. Splendour, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 3.

— Cf. [Gothic.] skauns, gutha-skaunei; [Anglo-Saxon.] sceone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chavi (छवि).—[feminine] skin, hide; complexion, colour; beauty, splendour.

--- OR ---

Chavi (छवि).—[feminine] skin, hide; complexion, colour; beauty, splendour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Chavi (छवि):—a f. skin, cuticle, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra, iii, 12; Harivaṃśa 15709; Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxix, 28 ff.]

2) colour of the skin, colour, [Mahābhārata iii, 12387; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Meghadūta] etc.

3) beauty, splendour, [Raghuvaṃśa ix, 34; Śiśupāla-vadha ix, 3; Naiṣadha-carita xxii, 55]

4) a ray of light, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) cf. kṛṣṇa-cch.

6) b f. skin, hide, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i f.; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xvi, 6, 2; Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa xxv, 15; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xxii; Lāṭyāyana viii, 2, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chavi (छवि):—(viḥ) 2. f. Beauty; light.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Chavi (छवि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Chavi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Chavi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Chavi (छवि) [Also spelled chhavi]:—(nf) pretty features; features; splendour, beauty; winsomeness; photograph; ~[kāra] a photographer.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Chavi (छवि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Chavi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Chavi (ಛವಿ):—

1) [noun] lustre a) the quality, condition or fact of shining by reflected light; gloss; sheen; b) brightness; radiance; brilliance.

2) [noun] the outer covering or integument of the animal body; the skin.

3) [noun] the property of reflecting light of a particular wavelength; colour.

4) [noun] the quality of being beautiful, attractive; beauty; attractiveness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Chavi (छवि):—n. image; picture; painting;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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