Chaitya: 3 definitions


Chaitya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Ambiguity: Although Chaitya has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the word Caitya.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mahābhārata

One of the five large hills protecting the city of Girivraja. Mentioned in the Mahabharata, Second book, Section XXI; The other hills being: Varaha, Vaihara, Vrishava, Rishigiri;

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of chaitya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

A chaitya is a Buddhist or Jain shrine including a stupa. In modern texts on Indian architecture, the term chaitya griha is often used to denote assembly or prayer hall that houses a stupa. Architecturally they show similarities to Roman design concepts of column and arch.

Source: eBooks@Adelaide: A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms

To the east of the Abhayagiri-vihara there is a hill, with a vihara on it, called the Chaitya, where there may be 2000 monks.

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