Chaitya: 3 definitions
Chaitya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ambiguity: Although Chaitya has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the word Caitya.
Images (photo gallery)
(+11 more images available)
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Mahābhārata
One of the five large hills protecting the city of Girivraja. Mentioned in the Mahabharata, Second book, Section XXI; The other hills being: Varaha, Vaihara, Vrishava, Rishigiri;
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
A chaitya is a Buddhist or Jain shrine including a stupa. In modern texts on Indian architecture, the term chaitya griha is often used to denote assembly or prayer hall that houses a stupa. Architecturally they show similarities to Roman design concepts of column and arch.Source: eBooks@Adelaide: A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms
To the east of the Abhayagiri-vihara there is a hill, with a vihara on it, called the Chaitya, where there may be 2000 monks.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 12 books and stories containing Chaitya; (plurals include: Chaityas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 3 - Country of Mo-ho-la-ch’a (Maharashtra) < [Book XI - Twenty-three Countries]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Anāgārika Dharmapāla (by Bhikkhu Sangharakshita)
Jarasandhavadha Mahakavyam (by Pankaj L. Jani)
Complete works of Swami Abhedananda (by Swami Prajnanananda)