Cessation: 1 definition


Cessation means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Cessation in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Cessation can be denoted by the Sanskrit term Vināśa (as opposed to Utpatti—“arising”), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise which deals absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—The Amanaska referred to (or qualified) Samādhi with several terms, which are all negative; [e.g., it is devoid of existence and non-existence, cessation and arising (vināśa-utpatti);] [...]

2) Cessation (in Sanskrit: Nirvāṇa) is intrinsically inherent in the mind, according to the Amanaska Yoga.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] Just as the salty taste intrinsically inherent [in salt,] is effortlessly obtained from a salty substance, so gnosis of Brahma [in the form of] cessation (nirvāṇa) [which is intrinsically inherent in the mind] is effortlessly [obtained] from the mind. [...]”.

3) Cessation (of the mind’s activity) is denoted by the Sanskrit term Kṣaya, according to the Maitrāyaṇīyopaniṣat 6.34.1.—Accordingly: “Just as a fire without fuel is extinguished at its source, so the mind is extinguished at its source because of the cessation of its activity (vṛtti-kṣaya)”.

4) The Cessation (of the activities of mind) is also denoted by the Sanskrit term Nirodha, according to the Viṣṇudharma verse 96.25-26.—Accordingly, while discussing the cessation of mind: “Since [duality is based on mental activity and non-duality on the ultimate truth], the activities of mind, which are caused by meritorious and unmeritorious actions, should be stopped. Because of their cessation (nirodha), duality does not arise. This duality, which consists of whatever is moving and unmoving, is an object of mind. When the mind has become without thoughts, then one obtains the absence of duality”.

5) Cessation (of sleep) and Cessation (of thirst and hunger) refers to various signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) experienced by the Yoga practicioner, according to the Amanaska Yoga.—The last fifty-two verses of the Amanaska’s first chapter describe a temporal sequence of psychosomatic signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) brought about by absorption (laya). It begins with one moment, concludes with twenty-four years and consists of forty-seven intervals. [...] It informs practitioners of the initial experiences they may have while immersed in absorption [e.g., Cessation of sleep; Freedom from illness and cessation of thirst and hunger], and thus provides them with some idea of their progress in the practice, [...].

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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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