Ceshta, Ceṣṭā, Ceṣṭa: 21 definitions


Ceshta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ceṣṭā and Ceṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Cesta or Ceshta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Cheshta.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Strictly speaking, bhāva is mood or feeling unexpressed, hāva is the emotion which finds expression, ceṣṭā the gesture that expresses it.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा).—A Brahmarākṣasī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 99.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Ceṣṭa (चेष्ट) (also Ceṣṭita) refers to “symptoms” (of a snake-bite), as taught in the Ceṣṭita (“symptoms of snake-bites”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The ten symptoms of a bite (daṃśa-ceṣṭa) ordained by time/death that could be fatal mentioned by Kaśyapa are—horripilation, thirst/burning sensation, profuse sweat, phlegm, inflammation/irritation of all the organs of the body, debility/lack of control of all the organs, salivation, incoherent blabbering, lack of memory and finally death.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा):—Physical or mental efforts

2) Motion, action, function

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा) [=Ceṭā?] refers to the “motions, conjunctions and the like” (of the planets), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “And in horoscopy, the Jyotiṣaka must know such divisions of space as rāśi (a sign of Zodiac or a space of 30°), horā (15° or half a sign), drekkana (10° or one third of a sign), navāṃśaka (3° 20' or one-ninth of a sign), dvādaśāṃśaka (2° 30' or one twelfth of a sign), triṃśāṃśaka (one-thirtieth of a sign), and their strength or weakness considered horoscopically; he must know the horoscopic strength of the planets with respect to their Dik (direction), Sthāna (place), Kāla, (time) Ceṭā (motions, conjunctions and the like)”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा) refers to “behaviour”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya verse 1.116-125.—Accordingly, “Engaged in the path of the observance of the skull, the Lord wanders, free from attachment, displaying the Lokamārga and the supreme Lokātīta. And the lokas are designated ‘bound souls’, including gods, demons and men. No one realizes the supreme certainty with respect to knowledge of the self. And except for Śarva, the supreme god, there is no such behaviour (ceṣṭa) of another [God]. No other god has certainty of knowledge. There is no such behaviour (ceṣṭā) anywhere in the world with all its Gods. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा) refers to “acting (as one desires)”, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 2.21-27.—Accordingly, “[...]  O Bhairavī, once the lord had made the three vessels in this sequence, he worshipped the Wheel by acting (freely) as he desired (yatheṣṭa-ceṣṭā). Seeing the Lord of the Wheel within the Wheel intent on worship, the Supreme goddess, her mind full of humility, asked (him): ‘O god and lord, what is worshipped in the great union that arouses great wonder with (all this) great heap of sacrificial substances and the divine wheels that generate great bliss? Śrīnātha, if you do (indeed) bestow boons tell (me this) by (your) grace’”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा) refers to the “behaviour” (of Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “The Sicānās are of various kinds, both in make and behaviour (ceṣṭā). As they are found in various countries, their characteristics vary with their native country”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cēṣṭā (चेष्टा).—f (S) Acting, moving, stirring, performing functions or actions: also the stirring and moving of a living creature. 2 Mischievous tricks; wild capers; irritating speech; worrying or teasing acts gen. 3 The stirring about of a demon (in the subject of possession).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cēṣṭā (चेष्टा).—f Mischievous tricks. The stirring about of a demon. Moving.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ceṣṭa (चेष्ट).—

1) Moving the limbs, gesture;

2) Acting.

Derivable forms: ceṣṭam (चेष्टम्).

--- OR ---

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा).—[ceṣṭ-aṅ]

1) Motion, movement; संरुद्धचेष्टस्य (saṃruddhaceṣṭasya) R. 2.43; किमस्माकं स्वामिचेष्टानिरूपणेन (kimasmākaṃ svāmiceṣṭānirūpaṇena) H.3; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.7.

2) Gesture, action; चेष्टया भाषणेन च नेत्रवक्त्रविकारैश्च लक्ष्यतेऽ न्तर्गतं मनः (ceṣṭayā bhāṣaṇena ca netravaktravikāraiśca lakṣyate' ntargataṃ manaḥ) Manusmṛti 8.26.

3) Effort, exertion.

4) Behaviour Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.15.

5) Action, deed, performing.

-nāśaḥ destruction of the world.

-nirūpaṇam observing a person's movements.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा).—f.

(-ṣṭā) Effort, exertion, bodily effort. E. ceṣṭ to act, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṣṭa (चेष्ट).—[ceṣṭ + a], I. n. and f. ṭā. 1. Motion, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 23, 84. 2. Gesture, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 63; 8, 26. 3. Action, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 5939; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 63. Ii. f. ṭā, Acting, activity, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 65. Comp. Karmaceṣṭā, i. e. karman-, f. 1. acting, business, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 66. 2. action, [Nala] 23, 18 (16, read karmaceṣṭābhiº). 3. exertion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 64, 11. Niśceṣṭa, i. e. nis-, adj. deprived of motion, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 45, 31. Sa-, I. adj. making effort, active. Ii. m. the mango, Mangifera indica.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṣṭa (चेष्ट).—[neuter] motion, gesture, effort, activity; conduct, behaviour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ceṣṭa (चेष्ट):—[from ceṣṭ] m. ‘moving’, a kind of fish (tapasvin), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] n. moving the limbs, gesture, [Manu-smṛti vii, 63]

3) [v.s. ...] behaviour, manner of life, [Harivaṃśa 5939]

4) Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा):—[from ceṣṭa > ceṣṭ] a f. ([Pāṇini 2-3, 12]) moving any limb, gesture, [Manu-smṛti vii f.; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. [Raghuvaṃśa ii, 43])

5) [v.s. ...] action, activity, effort, endeavour, exertion, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra i; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad ii, 9] (ifc.), [Manu-smṛti iv, 65; Bhagavad-gītā] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] doing, performing, [Manu-smṛti i, 65]

7) [v.s. ...] behaving, manner of life, [Manu-smṛti vii, 194; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana iii, 51; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (ifc.) etc.

8) [v.s. ...] cf. a-, naṣṭa-, niś-.

9) [from ceṣṭ] b f. See ṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा):—(ṣṭā) 1. f. Effort; search.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ceṭṭhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ceshta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा) [Also spelled cheshta]:—(nf) effort, endeavour; movement; demeanour; gesture.

context information


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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Ceṣṭā (चेष्टा):—n. 1. action or movement of the body; gesture; 2. attempt; effort; endeavor; 3. wish; desire; 4. manners; behaviors;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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