Cauhatta, Cauhaṭṭa: 1 definition


Cauhatta means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Cauhaṭṭas (चौहट्टस्) (Prakrit) (in Sanskrit: Haṭṭa) refers to “market places”, which were vividly depicted in ancient Indian Kathās (narrative poems), for example, by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] There were usually eighty-four market places in a medieval town of which a list is given in the Pṛthvīcandracarita.

But in the Kuvalayamālā, some names of shops (cauhaṭṭas) according to articles displayed in them is given, i.e.,

1) kuṃkuma-kappūra-agaru-mayaṇa-abhivāsa-paḍavāsa;
2) elā-lavaṃga-kakkolaya;
3) mattāhala-suvaṇṇa-rayaṇa;
4) ṇetta-juyala;
5) vasaṇa (= cloth);
6) viḍāo;
7) saṃkha-valaya-kāya-maṇiya;
8) sara-sarāsaṇa;
9) saṃkha-camara-ghaṃṭā;
10) viviha-osahīo;
11) siṇeha-ṇiraṃtara-bahu-khajja-pejja;
12) haliddī;
13) surā-nahu-māsāo.

Thus Uddyotana has in his view a complete form of a medieval market place with the number of lines full of different commodities on the basis of which was compiled later on a list of 84 cauhaṭṭas.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of cauhatta in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

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