Catushka, Catuṣka: 12 definitions



Catushka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Catuṣka can be transliterated into English as Catuska or Catushka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chatushka.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Catuṣka (चतुष्क) or Catuṣkakakaraṇa, also known as Ogha refers to one of the six karaṇas, comprising a set of rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.

Accordingly, “Catuṣka is playing of all the instruments in slow tempo to produce sonant syllables. Example.—tham kiti mam rhi hi kiṭi ghiṅ ghaṇdāṇam ghoṇḍa ghoṇa ghoṇr ghaṭa ghaṭa ghaṭa gheṅ gham ghe viriṇi ṇr ge ham tho tathan ghe”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Catushka in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Catuṣka (चतुष्क) refers to “ornamental designs”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 5.19. Catuṣka refers to ornamental designs of various shapes (lotus blossoms, Svastikas etc.) painted on floors,m altars and the like. [...] The word occurs in Tilakamañjarī; in Candraprabhacarita 7.92; in Vatsarāja’s Hāsyacūḍāmaṇi; in Rūpakaṣaṭka (p. 132); in Sādhanamālā (Vol. 1, p. 130).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

catuṣka (चतुष्क).—n S catuṣṭaya n S An aggregate of four. Numerous learned terms, expressing Aggregate or assemblage, are formed with these words, esp. with the latter; as antaḥkaraṇacatuṣṭaya, anubandhaca0, avasthāca0, āśramaca0, upāyaca0, padaca0, puruṣārthaca0, pramāṇaca0, yōnica0, varṇaca0, vākaca0, vyūhaca0, samudra- ca0, sādhanaca0, sēnāṅgaca0. Such formations, expressing actual classifications of objects or of departments of mental contemplation, are valuable, and will appear in order.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

catuṣka (चतुष्क).—n catuṣṭaya n An aggregate of four.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Catuṣka (चतुष्क).—a. [caturavayavaṃ catvāro'vayavā yasya vā kan]

1) Consisting of four.

2) Increased by four; द्विकं त्रिकं चतुष्कं च पञ्चकं च शतं समम् (dvikaṃ trikaṃ catuṣkaṃ ca pañcakaṃ ca śataṃ samam) Ms.8.142 (i. e. 12, 13, 14, or 15, or interest at the rate of 2 to 5 percent).

-ṣkam 1 The number 'four'.

2) A collection of four.

3) cross-way

4) A quadrangular courtyard.

5) A hall resting on (four) pillars, a hall or saloon in general; Ku.5.68, 7.9.

6) A necklace of four strings.

7) A stand or a seat with four feet (Mar. cauraṃga); चतुष्कैर्मञ्चकैश्चापि (catuṣkairmañcakaiścāpi) ... Śiva. B.22.62.

-ṣkī 1 A large four sided pond.

2) A mosquito curtain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuṣka (चतुष्क).—mfn.

(-ṣkaḥ-ṣkā-ṣkaṃ) Four. f. (-ṣkī) 1. A large four-sided pond or tank. 2. A bed or musquito ourtain. 3. A necklace of four strings. E. catur four, kan affix, and ra is changed to ṣa. caturavayavaṃ catvāro'vayavā yasya vā kan .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuṣka (चतुष्क).—i. e. catur + ka, I. adj. with śatam, Four in the hundred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 142. Ii. n. 1. A collection of four things, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 50. 2. A hall supported by four columns, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 68.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuṣka (चतुष्क).—[adjective] consisting of four or increased by four; [neuter] = seq. [neuter], also a kind of hall or square.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Catuṣka (चतुष्क):—[from catasṛ] a mfn. consisting of 4 [Lāṭyāyana; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Śulba-sūtra; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] (with śata, 100) + 4 (id est.4 percent.), [Manu-smṛti viii, 142; Bījagaṇita]

3) [v.s. ...] m. any sign (as the Svastika) having 4 marks, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī viii, 2849; 2859; 2911; 2931]

5) [v.s. ...] n. a set of 4, collection of 4 [Manu-smṛti vii, 50; Yājñavalkya iii, 99; Mahābhārata xii, 12706] (or = aṃśayoḥ kaṭyoś cāntarāla [Scholiast or Commentator]), [Mṛcchakaṭikā ix, 12; Śrutabodha]

6) [v.s. ...] = -veśman, [Kumāra-sambhava v, 68; vii, 9]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a quadrangular courtyard (used for receiving guests), [Pañcatantra] (ifc. f(ā). ), [Prasannarāghava iii, 6; Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]

8) [v.s. ...] n. a crossway, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a necklace of 4 strings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) b etc. See [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuṣka (चतुष्क):—[(ṣkaḥ-ṣkā-ṣkī-ṣkaṃ) a.] Four. 3. f. A large four-sided pond or tank; a bed or mosquito curtain; a necklace of four strings.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Catuṣka (चतुष्क):——

1) Adj. — a) aus vier bestehend [Śulbasūtra 1,49.] — b) um vier vermehrt. śata n. 104 d.i. 4 Procent [Bījagaṇita 104.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —

3) *f. ī — a) ein viereckiger Teich. — b) ein Bettvorhang zum Schutz gegen Mücken. — c) = 4)e). —

4) n. — a) Vierzahl , Verein von Vieren. — b) eine Art Halle. — c) ein viereckiger zum Empfang von Gästen besonders hergerichteter Platz [Jayadeva's Prasannarāghava 50,9.] [Pañcadaṇḍacchattrabandha] Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā [Pañcatantra .ed.Bomb.4,4,3.] — d) *Kreuzweg. — e) *ein Perlenschmuck aus vier Schnüren. — f) angeblich = aṃsayoḥ kaṭyoścāntarālam.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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